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# What is meant by the transverse nature of electromagnetic waves? Draw a diagram showing the propagation of an electromagnetic wave along X-direction, indicating clearly the directions of oscillating electric and magnetic fields associated with it.

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint:There are two types of waves; which are transverse waves as well as longitudinal waves. An electromagnetic wave is a combination of an oscillating electric field and an oscillating magnetic field travelling alongside each other. In electromagnetic waves, the vectors of the electric and magnetic field form a right handed system.

Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves: In an electromagnetic wave, the electric and magnetic field vectors would oscillate perpendicular to the direction of the propagation of the electromagnetic wave. This property of an electromagnetic wave is known as the transverse nature of an electromagnetic wave. In an electromagnetic wave, the three vectors $E$,$B$ and $K$ form a right handed system.