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Match the following

List I List II
A. Jaundice 1. Fungus
B. Malaria 2. Bacteria
C. Plague3. Virus
D. Ringworm4. Plasmodium

A. A-2, B-3, C-4, D- 1
B. A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2
C. A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1
D. A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
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Hint: Microorganisms are known to cause a wide variety of diseases in humans. These can be classified as bacterias, viruses, protozoans, fungi, and parasites. The infectious microorganisms are commonly known as germs or pathogens.

Complete answer:
Jaundice is a condition where the skin and white of eyes turn yellow. It is usually caused due to the presence of an increased amount of bilirubin, a yellow-colored substance in the blood. In most cases, it is caused by a virus that infects the liver. Jaundice can arise due to various reasons. These include hepatitis, alcohol-related liver problems, an overdose of certain medicine, or some kind of pancreatic cancer. Hepatitis is a liver inflammation caused by an infective agent. It can be of different types like Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
Malaria is a disease caused by plasmodium. This can be transmitted from one person to another through mosquitoes (female anopheles). There are four different species of plasmodium namely P.falciparum, P. vivax, P.ovale, and P.malariae.
Plague is another infectious disease caused by bacteria. It can be transmitted from one person to another through the air, direct contact, droplet contact, fecal-oral means, or even by indirect contact.
Ringworm is a communicable skin infection caused by fungus. It is usually a circular, itchy red patch of skin. Antifungal ointments or creams can be used to treat this.

Hence, the correct answer is (C).

Microorganisms can be beneficial as well as infectious to humans. Few benefits offered by these microorganisms include nitrogen fixation, maintaining soil fertility, and decomposition. Harmful effects of microorganisms including the infections/diseases or other adverse effects affected humans in negative ways.