Hint :Physical properties of liquids are those that can be measured without creating any chemical changes in the liquid. Physical properties of substances are determined by intermolecular forces that arise in the molecule's internal structure.
Complete Step By Step Answer:
Some common physical properties, such as surface tension, refractivity, dipole moment, parachor, and others, have been used to gain information about a molecule's configuration and structure. These properties are more refined in nature, and they quantify the property more clearly and precisely. These physical properties can be divided into four categories:
(i) additive properties, (ii) colligative properties,
(iii) constitutive properties, (iv) additive and constitutive properties.
(i) Additive Properties: Additive properties are those that are equal to the total of the properties of the atoms that make up the molecule. These properties are solely determined by the types of atoms and their numbers; for example, mass is an additive property, and molar volume is another.
(ii) Colligative Properties: Colligative properties are those that are affected by the number of molecules in a liquid, such as the osmotic pressure of a solution, gas pressure, and boiling point elevation.
(iii) Constitutive Properties: Optical behaviour is an example of a constitutive property of a molecule, which is dependent on the molecule's constitution, i.e., the arrangements of atoms within the molecule.
(iv) Additive and Constitutive Properties: Additive and constitutive properties are physical properties that are dependent on the number of atoms in a molecule as well as their constitution. For example, atomic volume, parachor, and so on.
So, from the above gathered data we can conclude correct match as follows:-
The property of molar mass is additive.
Optical activity is a property that is constitutive.
The dipole moment is a constitutive and additive property.
The property of molarity is colligative.
Colligative properties are often studied in dilute solutions, whose action can be compared to that of an ideal solution. In reality, the freezing point depression, boiling point elevation, vapour pressure elevation or depression, and osmotic pressure are all dependent on the chemical structure of the solvent and the solute at higher concentrations.