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Match column I with column II and select the correct option from the given codes.

Column I(Codons)Column II(Translated amino acids)
A. UUU(i) Serine
B. GGG(ii) Methionine
C. UCU(iii) Phenylalanine
D. CCC(iv) Glycine
E. AUG(v) Proline

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:-A codon is a DNA or RNA trinucleotide sequence that refers to a single amino acid. The genetic code defines the association between a gene's sequence of DNA bases (A, C, G, and T) and the corresponding protein sequence it encodes. In groups of three bases, the cell reads the sequence of the gene.

Complete answer:
In humans, serine is a non-essential amino acid. In certain proteins, serine is present and functionally important. Serine is needed for the metabolism of fats, fatty acids, and cell membranes in the alcohol group; muscle growth; and a healthy immune system. The codon for serine is UCU, UCC, UCA, UCG AGU, AGC. Methionine is a special amino acid containing sulphur and can be used throughout the body to create proteins and generate several molecules. This includes the antioxidant glutathione, which is used to alter DNA and other molecules, and the enzyme SAM. The AUG codon, which is also referred to as the beginning codon, defines methionine. Phenylalanine is an amino acid, a protein "building stone." The codon for Phenylalanine is UUU, UUC. Glycine, a building block for protein, is an amino acid. Since the body can produce it from other molecules, it is not considered a "normal amino acid". Glycine codon is GGA, GGC, GGG, GGT. Proline is an organic acid that is known as a proteinogenic amino acid (used in protein biosynthesis), but it is a secondary amine and does not contain an amino group. CCA, CCG, CCT, CCC are the codons for Proline.
From these discussions we can match the correct codons to amino acids as follows:
A-----(iii)
B-----(iv)
C-----(i)
D------(v)
E------(ii)

Note:- Translation is the mechanism by which a protein from the information found in a messenger RNA ( mRNA ) molecule is synthesised. And a transfer molecule of RNA (tRNA) bearing the amino acid methionine binds to what is considered the mRNA sequence's beginning codon.