Hint:The national highway authority of India was set up in 1988 by the Government of India. NHAI is an autonomous agency that is implemented as an act by the Parliament. NHAI is aimed at managing a network of national highways in India. NHAI is entrusted with the National Highway Development Project (NHDP) to upgrade national highways.
The National Highways Authority of India is an independent agency implemented in 1988. The national highways authority of India (NHAI) is responsible for managing the network of National highways in India. The National highway authority of India comes under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. NHAI was set up as an act of 1988, this act ensures the development, maintenance, and management of National highways. The National highway authority of India has a three-tier structure. The Headquarters, the Regional Offices, and the Project Implementation Units. The Headquarters of NHAI is situated in New Delhi. The National highway authority of India consists of Chairman six full-time and six part-time Members. The chairman and other members of NHAI are appointed by the central government itself.
The National Highways are the arterial roads of the country for inter-state movement for all. The National Highways Authority is entrusted with the National Highways Development Project (NHDP), along with other minor projects. The total length of national highways in the country is 132499 kilometres. To collect fees on national highways, regulate and control the plying of vehicles for proper management.
A.To develop and provide consultancy and construction services.
B.To carry out research activities related to the development, maintenance, and management of highways.
C.To advise the central government on matters related to highways.
D.To assist state governments on matters related to their highways.
E.Provide facilities and amenities for the users of the highway.
F.To formulate and implement schemes for national highways.
Note:The National highway authority of India has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Indian Space Research Organisation and the North East Centre for Technology Application and Research in 2016 for allowing the use of spatial technology for monitoring highways. Sukhbir Singh Sandhu, IAS, is the Chairman of NHAI.