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Let \[f\], \[g\] and \[h\] are differentiable functions. If \[f\left( 0 \right) = 1\]; \[g\left( 0 \right) = 2\]; \[h\left( 0 \right) = 3\] and the derivative of their pairwise products at \[x = 0\] are \[\left( {fg} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 6\]; \[\left( {gh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 4\] and \[\left( {hf} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 5\] then compute the value of \[\left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right)\].
A.12
B.15
C.16
D.None of these

Answer
VerifiedVerified
92.4k+ views
Hint: Here we will first differentiate the function \[fgh\] using the formula of differentiation. Then we will modify the equation such that we get the equation in terms of the values given in the question. Then we will put their values in the equation and solve it to get the final value of \[\left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right)\].

Formula used:
We will use the following formulas:
1. \[\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {uv} \right) = uv' + u'v\]
2.\[\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {\dfrac{u}{v}} \right) = \dfrac{{vu' - uv'}}{{{v^2}}}\]

Complete step-by-step answer:
Let \[y = fgh\].
Now we will differentiate the function with respect to \[x\]. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {fgh} \right)\]
\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = f'gh + fg'h + fgh'\]
We will write the above equation in modified form to solve the equation with the given values. Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {2f'gh + 2fg'h + 2fgh'} \right)\]
We will write the above equation as
\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {h\left( {f'g + fg'} \right) + g\left( {f'h + fh'} \right) + f\left( {g'h + gh'} \right)} \right)\]
Using the differentiation property, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \left( {fgh} \right)' = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {h\left( {fg} \right)' + g\left( {fh} \right)' + f\left( {gh} \right)'} \right)\]
Now we have to find the value of \[\left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right)\].
Therefore, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {h\left( 0 \right)\left( {fg} \right)'\left( 0 \right) + g\left( 0 \right)\left( {fh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) + f\left( 0 \right)\left( {gh} \right)'\left( 0 \right)} \right)\]
Substituting \[f\left( 0 \right) = 1\], \[g\left( 0 \right) = 2\], \[h\left( 0 \right) = 3\], \[\left( {fg} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 6\], \[\left( {gh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 4\] and \[\left( {hf} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 5\] in the above equation, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {3 \times 6 + 2 \times 5 + 1 \times 4} \right)\]
Multiplying the terms, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = \dfrac{1}{2}\left( {18 + 10 + 4} \right)\]
Adding the terms, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = \dfrac{{32}}{2}\]
Dividing 32 by 2, we get
\[ \Rightarrow \left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right) = 16\]
Hence, the value of \[\left( {fgh} \right)'\left( 0 \right)\] is equal to 16.
So, option C is the correct option.

Note: A differentiable function may be defined as a function whose derivative exists at every point in its range of domain. We should remember that a differentiable function is always continuous but the converse is not true which means a function may be continuous but not always differentiable. In this type of question we should simplify the equation in terms of the values given in the question.