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What is the IUPAC name for the amide whose common name is acetamide ?
(A) Methylamide
(B) Ethanamide
(C) Ethylamine
(D) Ethanamide

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Amide is a derivative of the carboxylic acid. So, if we can remember the nomenclature of carboxylic acid it makes us easy to remember the nomenclature of amide, whether it may by IUPAC name or common name.

Complete Solution :
Amide is one of the derivatives of carboxylic acid.
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Here we can observe that the -OH function of the -COOH group has been replaced by an amino group -$N{{H}_{2}}$ are called amides.
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- The -$CON{{H}_{2}}$ is the amide function or the amide group.

Firstly let's know the IUPAC nomenclature of carboxylic acid:
The final -e of the name of the alkane corresponding to the longest chain in the acid and adding -oic acid.
For example:
 
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 IUPAC name - Butanoic acid

- Now, let's see the IUPAC nomenclature of amides
In the IUPAC system the ending -e of the parent hydrocarbon is replaced by amide. Just like the nomenclature of carboxylic acid.

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IUPAC name - Butanamide

Common name $C{{H}_{3}}COOH$
Their names are derived from the common name of the corresponding parent carboxylic acid by dropping the suffix 'ic acid' and adding amide. The common name of carboxylic acid does not have any particular pattern to follow.
The common names of carboxylic acid and amides are:

S.No Carboxylic acid Amide
1 Formic acid HCOOH Formamide HCO$N{{H}_{2}}$
2 Acetic acid $C{{H}_{3}}COOH$ Acetamide $C{{H}_{3}}CON{{H}_{2}}$
3 Propanoic acid $C{{H}_{3}}C{{H}_{2}}COOH$ Propionamide $C{{H}_{3}}C{{H}_{2}}CON{{H}_{2}}$
4 Butyric acid $C{{H}_{3}}C{{H}_{2}}C{{H}_{2}}COOH$ Butyramide$C{{H}_{3}}C{{H}_{2}}C{{H}_{2}}CON{{H}_{2}}$

From this above table, we write the structure of acetamide and follow by naming it according to the above discussion.
Acetamide - $C{{H}_{3}}CON{{H}_{2}}$
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According to IUPAC norms, the ending -e of the parent hydrocarbon is replaced by amide.
So, Ethane has two carbon.
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IUPAC name of acetamide is Ethanamide.
So, the correct answer is “Option D”.

Note: Remember the IUPAC nomenclature of carboxylic thoroughly because it may help us remember the pattern of all of its derivatives. The carboxylic derivatives are acid chloride, acid anhydride, amide, and ester. Just depending on the function the ending may change. For common names only carboxylic acid and amide have almost the same naming.