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Integrated Pest Management (IPM) discourages the excessive use of
a. Biological methods
b. Chemical pesticides
c. Mechanical methods
d. All of the above

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Last updated date: 24th Feb 2024
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Hint: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that is predicated on a mixture of common-experience practices. IPM packages use modern-day, complete statistics at the life cycles of pests and their interplay with the environment. The IPM technique can be carried out to each agricultural and non-agricultural setting, collectively with the residence, garden, and administrative centre.

Complete answer:
• It works in the mixture which is used to govern pest harm via the maximum value-effective technique, and with the least possible danger to human beings, assets, and the surroundings.
• IPM takes gain of all appropriate pest control options along with, but not restrained to, the certainly apt use of insecticides. In assessment, herbal food manufacturing applies the diverse equal concepts as IPM but limits using pesticides to the ones which might be produced from herbal assets, in choice of synthetic chemical substances.
• IPM is not a single pest control method but, instead, a sequence of pest management evaluations, alternatives and controls. In working towards IPM, growers who're privy to the potential for pest infestation observe a 4-tiered approach
• Before taking any pest to manipulate the action, IPM first units a motion threshold, a point at which pest populations or environmental situations mean that pest managed action needs to be taken. Sighting an unmarried pest no longer normally recommends manipulation is needed. The degree at which pests will both end up a financial hazard is critical to guide destiny pest control choices.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note: As a number one line of pest management, IPM applications work to manipulate the crop, lawn, or indoor area to save you from pests. In an agricultural crop, this will suggest using cultural strategies, collectively with rotating amongst distinct vegetation, choosing pest-resistant sorts, and planting pest-loose rootstock. These management strategies may be very effective and value-green and gift little to no danger to human beings or the environment.