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Indian rosewood tree is a common name of
A. Acacia haematoxylon
B. Eucalyptus
C. Dalbergia sissoo
D. Shorea robusta

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The tree is native to the Indian subcontinent and southern Iran and is a hardwood deciduous tree. This tree is used for timber, or as fuel and sometimes people also use its branches for making toothbrushes.

Complete answer:
-Acacia haematoxylon: Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees that belongs to the family of Fabaceae. It is commonly known as a grey camel thorn. This tree exhibits distinctive high-quality red heartwood which is suitable for making musical instruments. Their wood is the second-best source of firewood in the region where the fuelwood is in short supply.
-Eucalyptus: Eucalyptus is commonly known as southern blue gum which is a species of tall, evergreen trees and belongs to the family Myrtaceae. Plants of the genus Eucalyptus have bark which is smooth, fibrous, hard, or stringy, leaves with oil glands, and sepals or petals which are fused to form a cap over the stamens.
-Dalbergia sissoo: It is commonly known as the North Indian rosewood tree which belongs to the family Fabaceae and it is a fast-growing, hardy evergreen deciduous, large, crooked rosewood tree having long, leathery leaves and flowers which are whitish-pink in color.
-Shorea robusta: It belongs to the family Dipterocarpaceae which is commonly known as sal tree or Sarai or sakhua mainly in northern India. This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C).

Note: Dalbergia sissoo can be seen growing in the northern plains. The hardwood of this tree makes this species commercially important and used in making guns, carriage, etc.