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In mixed cropping, which two crops cannot be grown together?

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Hint: Cropping pattern refers to the proportion of land under cultivation of various crops at various times. This denotes the timing and arrangement of crops in a specific land area. Any variation in the cropping pattern would result in a shift in the proportion of land planted to various crops

Complete answer:
Multiple cropping is the practice of growing two or more crops on the same plot of land during the same growing season instead of just one. Inter-cropping, polyculture, and co-cultivation are other terms for mixed cropping. It is a type of agriculture in which two or more plants are planted in the same field at the same time, interdigitating the plants so that they grow together.
Planting multiple crops at once saves space because crops in the same field may ripen at different times of the year, and it also provides environmental benefits.
In marginal agro-ecological environments, a combination of legumes and cereals or tuber crops is common. The mixtures can be arranged to respond to conditions such as the late or early onset of the rainy season or the status of soil fertility in various fields. for example, Wheat + gram, wheat + mustard, and other crops are chosen so that their nutrient requirements differ.
Wheat and maize cannot be grown in the same field because wheat is a rabi crop and maize is a Kharif crop.

Note: The following are the benefits of mixed cropping:
1. It lowers the likelihood of crop failure due to environmental stress.
2. Crop pest infestation is greatly reduced.
3. It boosts soil fertility.
4. Because of the complementary effect of each crop, it increases the yield of both crops.