If the vertex of the parabola $y = {x^2}-8x + c$ lies on x - axis, then the value of c is

(a) - 16

(b) - 4

(c) 4

(d) 16

Hint: Whenever you come up with this type of problem firstly convert the given equation to standard form then find the values of ${x_0},{y_0}$ and a. Then check it with the given condition.

Complete step by step answer:

As we know, the standard equation of parabola is $({x - {x_0})^2} = 4a(y - {y_0})$. In which,

$\Rightarrow$ Vertex = $\left( {x{}_0,{y_0}} \right)$

Given Equation of parabola is $y = {x^2} - 8x + c{\text{ }}$

First we have to convert the given equation into the standard form of equation of parabola.

Adding 16 both sides of the given equation to make it a perfect square, it becomes,

$\Rightarrow y + 16 = {x^2} - 8x + 16 + c$

Taking c to LHS of the equation we get,

$\Rightarrow \left( {y + 16 - c} \right) = {\left( {x - 4} \right)^2}{\text{ }}\left( 1 \right)$

Comparing equation 1 with standard equation of parabola we get,

$\Rightarrow {x_0} = 4,{\text{ }}{y_0} = c - 16{\text{ and }}a = \frac{1}{4}$

So, vertex of the equation 1 will be

$\Rightarrow {\text{vertex }} = \left( {4,c - 16} \right)$

According to the question, the vertex lies on the x axis which means that y - coordinate (ordinate) of the vertex should be zero.

So, c - 16 = 0

$\Rightarrow c = 16$

Hence the correct option for the question will be d.

NOTE: - Abscissa is the x - coordinate of a point and ordinate is the y - coordinate of a point.