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Herbivores are generally more numerous than carnivores
A. True
B. False

Last updated date: 22nd Jun 2024
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Hint:- A food chain explains how each living being consumes its food. Some creatures consume plants and other species eat other creatures. For starters, the trees & shrubs, the giraffes (that eat trees & shrubs), and the lions (that eat the giraffes) are connected by a simple food chain. For the next connection, each link in this chain is food. Sometimes, a food chain begins with plant life and ends with an animal. The farther down the food chain you are due to the vast amount of energy that is wasted at each connection. The less food remains, the less food remains.

Complete Answer:-Herbivores are animals whose primary source of food is based on plants. Vertebrates such as deer, koalas, and certain bird species, as well as invertebrates such as crickets and caterpillars are examples of herbivores. Animals who eat other animals are carnivores. Wild animals, such as lions and tigers, are examples of vertebrate carnivores, as are snakes and sharks, while invertebrate carnivores include sea stars, spiders, and ladybugs. The term carnivore is derived from Latin and means meat eater.

Energy is transferred from one link to another in the food chain. Only a fraction of the energy (which it receives from the plant food) becomes new body mass when a herbivore eats; the rest of the energy is lost as waste or used up (by the herbivore as it moves). Likewise, only a fraction of the nutrition from animal food is retained in the tissues while a carnivore kills another animal. In other words, animals transfer on even less energy (in the form of body mass) through the food chain than they obtain.
This equilibrium helps preserve and recycle carbon for the ecosystem. Moreover, there is a greater number of smaller species than bigger ones. Herbivores are, however, more abundant than carnivores.

Therefore the statement “Herbivores are generally more numerous than carnivores” is true. Hence option (A) is the correct answer.

Note:- The main customers of the food chain were herbivores. And they have system changes to accommodate and accomplish the role of digestion of starch and cellulose. They are purportedly ruminants. Therefore, they include bacteria and some microbes that digest cellulose. Owing to the unique task of feeding on plant products, they are necessarily more than carnivores in the food chain to break down the complex energy contained by the other body along the food chain in a more functional way.