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Give below in the steps for extraction of copper from its ore. Write the reactions involved.
A. Roasting Copper (I) Sulphide.
B. Reduction of copper (I) Oxide with copper (I) Sulphide .

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Last updated date: 19th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The strategy used to extricate copper from its minerals relies upon the idea of the metal. Sulfide metals, for example, chalcopyrite is changed over to copper by an alternate strategy from silicate, carbonate, or sulfate minerals. Chalcopyrite (otherwise called copper pyrites) and comparative sulfide metals are the commonest minerals of copper. The minerals normally contain low rates of copper and must be concentrated prior to refining (e.g., by means of foam buoyancy).

Complete step by step answer:
In electrolytic refining, unadulterated metal is constantly kept at the cathode. The unclean metal is made anode (positive terminal) and a flimsy bar of unadulterated metal is made cathode (negative terminal). The salt of the metal is made electrolyte in the cell. The unadulterated cathode is kept on the cathode.
\[2C{u_{2}}S + 3{O_{2}} \to 2C{u_2}O + 2S{O_2}\]
The concentrated metal is warmed unequivocally with silicon dioxide (silica) and air or oxygen in a heater or arrangement of heaters.
The copper (II) particles in the chalcopyrite are diminished to copper (I) sulphide (which is decreased further to copper metal in the last stage).
The iron in the chalcopyrite winds up changed over into an iron (II) silicate slag which is eliminated.
The majority of the sulphur in the chalcopyrite transforms into sulphur dioxide gas. This is utilized to make sulphuric corrosive by means of the Contact Process.
A general condition for this arrangement of steps is:
\[2CuFe{S_2} + 2Si{O_2} + 4{O_2} \to C{u_2}S + 2FeSi{O_3} + 3S{O_2}\]
The copper (I) sulphide delivered is changed over to copper with a last impact of air.
\[C{u_2}S + {O_2} \to 2Cu + S{O_2}\]
The final result of this is called rankle copper - a permeable fragile type of copper, around 98 - 99.5% unadulterated.
Investigating the redox measures in this response:
\[C{u_2}S + {O_2} \to 2Cu + S{O_2}\]
It is advantageous investing some energy figuring out what the decreasing specialist is in these responses, in light of the fact that from the outset sight there doesn't give off an impression of being one! Or on the other hand, on the off chance that you look cursorily, it appears as though it very well may be oxygen! In any case, that is senseless.
\[2C{u_2}O + C{u_2}S \to 6Cu + S{O_2}\]

Note: Electrical wiring, It is an excellent transmitter of power and is effortlessly drawn out into wires. Home-grown pipes, it doesn't respond with water, and is handily twisted into shape. Boilers and warmth exchangers, it is a decent conductor of warmth and doesn't respond with water. Making metal, metal is a copper-zinc combination. Alloying produces a metal harder than one or the other copper or zinc exclusively. Bronze is another copper compound, however with tin.