Question
Answers

For how many values of \[x\] in the closed interval [-4, -4] the matrix \[\left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}
  3&{ - x - 1}&2 \\
  3&{ - 1}&{x + 2} \\
  {x + 3}&{ - 1}&2
\end{array}} \right]\] is singular.
A) 1
B) 2
C) 4
D) 3

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: Convert the matrix into determinant. Apply the condition of singularity. Solve the determinant, make the algebraic equation and then proceed.

Complete step-by-step answer:
A matrix is singular only if its determinant is zero.
∴ \[\left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}
  3&{ - x - 1}&2 \\
  3&{ - 1}&{x + 2} \\
  {x + 3}&{ - 1}&2
\end{array}} \right| = 0\]
\[ \Rightarrow 3( - 2 + x + 2) + (x + 1)(6 - (x + 2)(x + 3)) + 2( - 3 + x + 3) = 0\]
\[ \Rightarrow 3x + (x + 1)( - {x^2} - 5x) + 2x = 0\]
\[ \Rightarrow 5x - {x^3} -5{x^2} - {x^2} - 5x = 0\]
\[ \Rightarrow {x^3} +6{x^2} =0\]
\[ \Rightarrow x = 0, 0, - 6\]
\[0 \in \left[ { - 4, - 1} \right]\]
∴ The correct option is ‘a’.

Note: A matrix is said to be singular if and only if the value of its determinant is zero. If the value of determinant is not zero, the matrix is said to be non singular. In the above question -6 is neglected because it does not belong to the range [-4, -1].
Bookmark added to your notes.
View Notes
×