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Explain the importance of carbohydrates?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint:Carbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. They are an important part of our diet , though we should avoid the carbohydrates which we get from fast food .

Complete step by step answer:
“Carbohydrates are macronutrients, meaning they are one of the three main ways the body obtains energy, or calories,” said Paige smothers.
There are three macronutrients: Carbohydrate, Protein and fats, smothers said. Macronutrients are essential for proper body functioning, and the body requires large amounts of them. All macronutrients on its own.
Carbohydrates provide fuel for the central nervous system and energy for working muscles. They also prevent protein form being used as an energy source and enable fat metabolism, according to law’s state university.
Simple carbohydrates contain just one or two sugars, such as fructose (found in fruits) and gelatos (found in milk products). These single sugars are called monosaccharide. Carbs with two sugars-such as sucrose (table sugar), lactose (from dairy) and maltose (found in beer and some vegetables) are called disaccharides, according to the $NIH$ (National Institute of Health)
Additional Information:
Simple carbs are also in candy, soda and snips. However, these foods are made with processed and refined sugar and do not have Vitamins, Minerals or fiber.
They lead to weight gain ,as they are empty calories they don't provide any nutrients .

Note:According to recent studies published in the journal Proceedings of the National academy of sciences have also linked carbs to decision making. In the studies, people who ate a high carbohydrate breakfast were less willing to share when playing the “U Hecate game” than those who ate high-protein breakfasts.
Scientists speculate this may be caused by baseline dopamine levels, which are higher after eating carbohydrates.
This does not mean carbs make you mean, but underscores how different types of food intake can affect cognition and behavior.