Question

# Evaluate the following: ${\cos ^{ - 1}}(\cos 5)$

Hint: We are going to solve the given problem using $\cos^{-1} ({\cos }\theta ) = \theta$ if $\left( {0 \leqslant \theta \leqslant \pi } \right)$

$\because$5 >$\pi$(radian measure), we have
${\cos ^{ - 1}}\left( {\cos 5} \right) = {\cos ^{ - 1}}\left\{ {\cos \left( {2\pi - 5} \right)} \right\}$
[ $\because \cos (2\pi - \theta ) = \cos \theta$ ]
${\cos ^{ - 1}}\left( {\cos 5} \right) = 2\pi - 5$
$\therefore$ The value of ${\cos ^{ - 1}}\left( {\cos 5} \right) = 2\pi - 5$

Note:
We have $\cos^{-1} ({\cos }\theta ) = \theta$ only for $\left( {0 \leqslant \theta \leqslant \pi } \right)$
So we converted that as $\cos 5 = cos\left( {2\pi - 5} \right)$. The value of $\left( {2\pi - 5} \right)$ is less than $\pi$.