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# Why should electric field lines never cross each other?A. Electric field due to a charge at any point is always singular in magnitude.B. Electric field due to a charge at any point is always singular in direction.C. Electric fields due to a charge at any point cannot be multi-directional.D. All of the above

Last updated date: 03rd Aug 2024
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Hint: Electric field lines are imaginary lines or curves that are meant to represent the electric field at various points along the curve. Two field lines cross at that point the electric field intensity will be given by two different vectors.

We know that, electric field is found by keeping a positive test charge at a point and then finding the direction in which it moves due to the electric force it experiences. Electric field lines are nothing but the trajectories of this positive test charge. They are meant as a mere representation of the electric field intensity. The closer these field lines are, higher will be the force experienced by the unit charge or we can say the electric field intensity will be high. If the field lines appear to be highly separated, the intensity of the field will be weak in such regions. Consider the diagram:

We know that, in a dipole, we observe curved field lines. The tangent vector shown here points to the direction of the electric field at that point. Therefore, if two such lines cross, it would mean that the electric field has two directions at that point. Also, if the two field lines crossed, it would mess up the magnitude as we represent the magnitude by density of field lines.
Therefore the correct answer should be option (D). All of the above.

So, the correct answer is “Option D”.

Note:
Options (B) and (C) are two different ways of expressing the same thing so might cause slight confusion. Also one should know how magnitude is represented with the help of field lines so they have accurate understanding of the correct answer here.
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Why should electric field lines never cross each other?
A. Electric field due to a charge at any point is always singular in magnitude.
B. Electric field due to a charge at any point is always singular in direction.
C. Electric fields due to a charge at any point cannot be multi-directional.
D. All of the above

Electric Charges and Fields Class 12 Physics - NCERT EXERCISE 1.7 | Physics NCERT | Vishal Kumar Sir
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