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How does ionic bonding affect the properties of the elements involved?

Last updated date: 22nd Feb 2024
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Hint: The ionic compounds are the compounds formed by the partial charge distribution. In ionic compounds the partial positive cation and partial negative anion are held together by a strong force of attraction due to which the ionic bonds are generally stronger in nature.

Complete step by step answer:
The chemical bond is the link between the two atoms which keep the molecule together. One of the types of chemical bond is ionic bond. In ionic bonds complete transfer of valence electrons takes place. In this chemical bond two oppositely charged ions are formed as the metal loses its electrons to form a positively charged cation and the non-metal accepts the electrons to form a negatively charged anion. Here metal is the electron donor and non-metal is the electron acceptor.
Ionic bonding is seen because metals generally have less number of electrons in the outermost orbitals, by losing the electrons the metal achieves its noble gas configuration which satisfies the octet rule. Whereas the non-metals have electrons closer to 8 electrons so it gains electrons to achieve noble gas configuration.
Ionic bond is generally a very strong bond as the ions are held together by a very strong force of attraction as a result the ionic bonds are hard to break. Due to this the ionic compound has a very high melting and boiling point. Example: Melting point of sodium chloride is 801 degree Celsius.
Ionic compounds are readily soluble in water. They dissolve in water to give their constituent ions, that’s why the ionic compounds are used as strong electrolyte and are good conductors of electricity.

During formation of ionic bonds, more than one electron can be donated or gained to form an ionic compound. In an ionic bond the net charge of the compound should be zero.
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