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Distinguish between Dry farming and Wet farming?

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Farming the process of systematic and controlled growth of plants or livestock in order to obtain food materials and other raw materials. The process of agriculture was initiated thousands of years ago,as civilizations became a part of human life, farming became an everyday chore for the people. There are two types of farming based on the terrains in which the crops are cultivated. They are known as wetland farming and dry land farming.

Complete answer:
Dry farming or Dryland Farming is the cultivation of crops done without continuous irrigation in dry regions or regions with limited moisture and rain. Dry farming is done by storing enough moisture in the soil and selecting crops which can survive that sort of environment to plant. Suitable growing methods are also used in order to attain a reliable harvest.Wetland agriculture is a type of farming done in the presence of a water land or near a water body. Areas as farmland. They use lands next to the water systems and to build raised farm beds. This is an intensive form of farming which requires constant care and systematic treatments.

Crops selected in dry farming are either drought resistant or dry root plants. They are capable of reducing the moisture emission and stop growing during the dry season. They will resume their growth when in favourable conditions. In wet farming, oxidation and subsidence will be present in the soil which are majorly peat soil,as it is abundant in these regions. For centuries, agriculture has been carried out in wetlands, with major examples being grain fields on river floodplain soils and rice fields.
Drought-evasive crops achieve their main growth during times of year when heat and drought conditions are not severe. Crops adapted to dry farming are usually smaller and quicker to mature than those grown under more humid conditions and are usually allotted more space. Corn and majority of the vegetables are the products of dry farming. Extensive agricultural use of drained/reclaimed peatlands has been shown to lead to major problems. This not only contributes to severe emissions of carbon dioxide, but also results in low-lying land that must be secured from floods.In dryland farming, land tilling is adopted after every harvest to remove any kind of weeds and to trap the snow during winter. The ideal soil surface is free of weeds but has enough clouds or dead vegetable matter to hinder runoff and prevent erosion.

Note:
With two related objectives in mind, modern agricultural systems have been developed: to obtain the highest possible yields and to achieve the highest possible economic benefit. Six fundamental practises have come to form the backbone of production in pursuit of these goals: intensive tillage, monoculture, inorganic fertiliser application, irrigation, chemical pest control, and crop plant genetic manipulation.