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What is deep ecology?
A.Protecting nature for its own sake
B.Ecology of deep-sea
C.Ecology of forest
D.Ecology of caves

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: A social movement and environmental philosophy which is based on the belief that humans should change their relationship with nature that values it. Deep ecology was originated in the year 1972 by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess along with an American environmentalist George Sessions.

Complete step by step answer: Deep ecology was given by Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess and American environmentalist George Sessions in the year 1972.
1. Deep ecology is a social movement and environmental philosophy which explains that the relationship between human beings and nature should be balanced. It must be recognized by humans that nature has an inherent value.
2. There were eight organizing principles for the deep ecology of the social movement. It is different from other types of environmentalism as it claims about epistemology, metaphysics, and social justice.
3. Deep ecology's core principle is the belief that the living environment as a whole should be respected and regarded as having certain basic moral and legal rights to flourish and live, independent of its benefits for human use.
4. It is called deep because it is claimed for looking more deeply into the actual relationship of humans with the natural world.
Hence, Deep ecology is a movement and philosophy meaning to protect nature for its own sake.
So, the correct answer is option (A).

Note:Arne Naess and George Sessions initiated a social movement and environmental philosophy which is called deep ecology. It refers to the balance between humans and nature. It takes on a holistic view considering separate parts of the ecosystem including human functions as a whole.