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CPCB stands for –
A) Central Pollution Control Board
B) Clean Pollution Control Board
C) Central Pollution Clean Board
D) Control Pollution Clean Board

Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Hint: CPCB is a constitutional organisation under the Government of India that functions for monitoring of air and water quality and other pollution related matters.

Complete Answer:
CPCB stands for Central Pollution Control Board. This organisation works under the ministry of environment, forest and climatic change. This statutory body was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act and later handed over with functions and responsibilities under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act in 1981. CPCB has its head office in New Delhi along with seven zonal offices and some laboratories.

Functions of CPCB:
- Advising the central and state government on matters associated with prevention, improvement and control of air and water pollution.
- Planning different programmes in order to prevent and control water and air pollution.
- Organising various training programmes for the people involved in activities related to prevention, improvement and control of water and air pollution.
- Organisation of a wide spread mass awareness programme through mass media on the prevention, control and abatement of water and air pollution.
- Collection, compilation and publication of statistical and technical reports related to water and air pollution. These records are used to develop precautionary actions to control and reduce pollution.
- Preparation of manuals and guidelines related to treatment and disposal of sewage and industrial effluents and also for stack gas cleaning devices.

Thus, the correct option is A. i.e., Central Pollution Control Board.

Note: Functions of CPCB come under both national level as well as state boards for union territories. It is the topmost organisation in the country in the field of pollution control.