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Who composed the national song ‘Bande Matram’?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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384.6k+ views
Hint:He wrote the poem Bande Mataram in 1875 s. He was 37 years old at the time and worked as a deputy collector in the British Government. His poem was probably an Indian answer to the British national anthem, God Save The Queen (or King, depending on who was ruling).

Complete answer:
The power of its words, the inclusiveness it spoke of, and the richness of its music, also composed by Tagore, and the amazing popularity it gained over the years ensured it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as India's national anthem on January 24,1950.Gandhi loved Vande Mataram.Mother, I bow to thee) is a Sanskrit poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1875 s, which he included in his 1882 Bengali novel Anandamath. The poem was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore 1896 .An ode to the Motherland, it was written in Bengali script in the novel Anandmath. The title 'Vande Mataram' means "I bow to thee, Mother" or "I bow to thee, Mother".The "mother goddess" in later verses of the song has been interpreted as the motherland of the people –– Banga Mata (Mother Bengal) and Bharat Mata (Mother India), though the text does not mention this explicitly.It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.

 It became a popular marching song for political activism and the Indian freedom movement in 1905.Spiritual Indian nationalist and philosopher Sri Aurobindo referred to it as the "National Anthem of Bengal". In January 24,1950 the Constituent Assembly of India adopted "Vande Mataram" as a national song.The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee before the end of colonial rule in August 1947 .An ode to the Motherland, it was written in Bengali script in the novel Anandmath.The song and the novel containing it was banned by the British government, but workers and the general public defied the ban, many went to colonial prisons repeatedly for singing it.and the ban was overturned by the Indians after they gained independence from colonial rule.On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, "Jana Gana Mana".However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of "national song".The first two verses of the song are an abstract reference to mother and motherland, they do not mention any Hindu deity by name, unlike later verses that do mention goddesses such as Durga. There is no time limit or circumstantial specification for the rendition of this song unlike the national anthem "Jana Gana Mana" which specifies 52 seconds.

The song was eventually criticized by some Muslim League members who were backed by their leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the 1930s. They objected to the fact that certain verses of the song constituted idol worship, and that conflicted with the Islamic beliefs.A National Song is a patriotic hymn adopted by the government of a country to be sung on public or state occasions.A National Anthem, on the other hand, is a musical composition, at times patriotic in nature, that defines a country's history, tradition, and struggles.

Note:He included the poem in his novel Anandmath, published in 1882. In 1896, two years after Chatterjee died, Rabindranath Tagore recited the poem at the Indian National Congress's annual convention in Kolkata. The tradition of singing Vande Mataram (as it was pronounced in Sanskrit) at Congress conventions continued, and even today it is sung at the beginning of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha sessions 1882 Hemendra Mohan Bose, the first Indian to manufacture gramophones, the earliest device that recorded sound and played it back, recorded Tagore singing the poem on a phonograph cylinder, the first commercial media for gramophone recordings.