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What was the capital of Mauryas?
A.Pataliputra
B.Ujjain
C.Gandhara
D.Agra

seo-qna
Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The Mauryan Empire which was established around 321 B.C.E. and broke off in 185 B.C.E, it was a first pan-Indian kingdom. It encompassed most of the Indian nation. It stretched across central and northern India as well as over segments of modern-day Iran. The Mauryan battalion was the biggest military army of its period.

Complete answer:
Mauryan Empire, in historical India, is a country centred at Pataliputra (later Patna) near the crossing of the Son and Ganges streams.Patna, ancient Pataliputra, city, capital of the state of Bihar, northern India is one of the ancient cities in India. It is a riverside town that lengthens along the south bank of the Ganges River for approximately 12 miles.

 West of the ancient city fabricates the area called Bankipur. Ajatashatru, king of Magadha's son Udaya created it as the capital of Magadha. The next Magadha dynasty, the Maurya, controlled until the city was robbed by Indo-Greeks. Pataliputra stayed as a centre of knowledge.As per the Greek historian Megasthenes, during the Mauryan Empire, Pataliputra had the highly productive form of local self-administration.During the Mauryan era, the city was interpreted as being constructed as a parallelogram. Its wooden embankments were penetrated by 64 gates. Archaeological exploration has found surviving quantities of the wooden palisade over several kilometres.

Hence, the correct answer is option (A).

Note:Scholars provide several justifications for the empire's failure, the leading ones being its size and its vulnerable leaders after Ashoka. Frontier states had begun affirming their liberation right after Ashoka's cessation. The empire started dwindling under Ashoka's heirs. By the time Pushyamitra took hold of the throne, the potent Mauryan Empire was ameliorated to a portion of its size, lessened to only the three city-states of Pataliputra, Ayodhya, and Vidisha, and few areas of Punjab.