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How do biotic and abiotic factors affect crop production?

Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Hint: A biotic factor is a living thing which has an effect on the environment or another population of living things. The same thing is achieved by abiotic variables, but they are non-living.

Complete Answer:
Biotic variables such as insects, rats, pests and many more spread the disease and decrease the yield of crops.
The crop elevation is killed by abiotic variables such as humidity, temperature , humidity, wind , rain, flood and many more. . The resistant variety can withstand these variables and produce a high yield.

Biotic considerations, Biotic factors influence the production of crops in the following ways:
1. Earthworms strengthen the soil's texture.
2. The soil's fertility is improved by microbes such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
3. As predators, insects serve and keep the number of crops under control.
4.Diseases caused by viruses , bacteria can cause loss or death of plants.
5.They reduce the farmer’s income.
6.Weeds cause poor growth of plants.

Abiotic considerations, Abiotic variables affect crop production in the following ways:
1. In photosynthesis, sunlight helps.
2. The raw materials for food and energy synthesis are water and minerals from the soil, along with gases.
3. For proper growth of the plant and various processes such as transpiration, adequate temperature is needed.
4. For natural plant irrigation, rainfall is needed.

Both biotic and abiotic factors influence the development of crops in the following ways:
 (a) Poor ability to germinate
 (b) Insect infestation
 (c) Loss of weight
 (d) Decoloration

Note: Biotic and abiotic influences, together, make up an ecosystem. Biotic variables require abiotic factors to function. In turn, the types and quantities of biotic variables in an environment may be restricted by biotic factors.