Hint: Sexually transmitted diseases are usually acquired by sexual contact. The harmful organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites that cause sexually transmitted diseases can be passed from person to person by blood, semen, vaginal or other bodily fluids. STDs can be transmitted non sexually also through blood transfusions, shared needles or from mother to infant during pregnancy.
Complete answer: Most of the sexually transmitted diseases are treated easily with antibacterial or antiviral medications. Some of the bacterial STDs are chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis. Genital herpes, HIV/AIDS, and genital warts are all viral STDs. Parasitic STD is caused by trichomoniasis. Certain precautionary methods to avoid contracting STDs are given below. 1. Practicing safe sex methods such as using condoms, dental dams etc. 2. Getting vaccinated to minimize the risk of infections from HPV, Hepatitis B. 3. Abstain from having multiple sexual partners. 4. Maintaining good immune health. 5. Minimizing the consumption of alcohol and drugs. 6. Using sterile needles during blood transfusion or tissue donation. 7. Avoid sharing undergarments and towels. 8. Pregnant women should get tested and treated for any STD. 9. The only sure way to prevent getting STD is to abstain from sex.
Note: Some of the symptoms of STD include sores or bumps on the genital, oral or rectal area, pain or burning sensation during urination, discharge from the penis or vagina, unusual or odd smelling genital area, pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding and pain during sex. The individual with any of these symptoms should consult the doctor immediately. He/she should take care to stop spreading the disease to other individuals.
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What are the measures one has to take to prevent contracting STDs?
Reproductive Health | NCERT EXERCISE 3.10 | Class 12 Biology | CBSE 2024