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Who amongst the following is regarded as the “Father of Taxonomy”.
A.Takhtajan
B.Linnaeus
C.Bentham and hooker
D.Theophrastus

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Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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Hint:Takhtajan is a soviet born American botanist who is the most influential taxonomist of the later twentieth century. Linnaeus created a binomial system of nomenclature for plants and animals in which each species is identified by a generic name (genus) and a specific name (species).

Complete answer:
(A) Armen Leonovich Takhtajan or Takhtajian was born on June 10, 1910, and died on November 13, 2009. He was a Soviet-born Armenian botanist, and he is one of the most important Botanists in the 20th-century. He was mostly interested in the morphology of flowering plants, paleobotany, and the flora of the Caucasus. He was one of the most influential taxonomists of the later twentieth century.
(B) He is the Swedish botanical taxonomist who was the first person to formulate and adhere to a uniform system for defining and naming the world's plants and animals. Linnaeus introduced the binomial system of nomenclature for plants, in which each species is identified by a generic name which is the genus name, and a specific name which is a species name. In 1758, he applied this system of nomenclature to animals. Linnaeus's system of nomenclature is still in use today. So, he is considered as “Father of Taxonomy”.
(C) Bentham and hooker proposed a taxonomic system. This system for seeded plants was published in Bentham and Hooker's three volumes of books between 1862 and 1883.
(D) Theophrastus was the first person to introduce the practice of agriculture (growing plants for food) into botany. He identified and described almost 550 different plants.
The correct option is B.Linnaeus.

Note:Dr. William Roxburgh was born on 29 June 1751 and died on 18 February 1815. He was a Scottish surgeon and botanist. He is very interested in plants that are grown in India, so he worked extensively in India. He worked on plant species which are now the foundation for economic botany. He is known as the founding father of Indian botany. Apart from the numerous species that he named, many species were named in his honor by his collaborators.
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