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A disease characterized by oozing of semisolid material in throat forming a tough membrane is
A) Whooping cough
B) Diphtheria
C) Pulmonary tuberculosis
D) Measles

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Last updated date: 26th Feb 2024
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Hint:-Complete answer: Whooping cough (pertussis) is a contagious respiratory tract infection. The clinical features include severe hacking cough with an intake of breath , runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing. Treatment includes antibiotics.

Complete answer:
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the toxin produced by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Symptoms include a sore throat, fever, cough swollen lymph nodes, and weakness. It spread by direct contact or through the air and contaminated objects. In diphtheria, a semisolid material oozes in the throat which later forms a tough, dark pseudomembrane that chokes the air passage causing shortness of breath, and breathing becomes hard. Treatments include antitoxin that neutralizes the diphtheria toxin. And the DPT vaccine is easily available.
Pulmonary TB is caused by mycobacterium. It is an infection of the lungs that can cause various symptoms, including chest pain, breathlessness, and severe coughing (sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats, and fever. The bacteria are spread when an infected coughs or sneezes.Patients with active symptoms will require a 6-month course of DOTS treatment involving multiple antibiotics.Measles is a highly contagious illness caused by a virus that replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child or adult. It spreads by infected droplets in the air, where other people can inhale them. Measles symptoms appear after 10 to 14 days of exposure. They include cough, runny nose, inflammation of eyes, sore throat, fever, and a red inflammatory skin rash. . It is easily preventable by an MMR vaccine.
Thus, the right option is B.

Note:- Measles is a viral disease caused by paramyxovirus While Pulmonary Tb. Diptheria and whooping cough are bacterial diseases caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bordetella pertussis respectively.