Hint: Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. This disease is called diabetes.
Complete answer: Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood. It is an autoimmune condition. It happens when your body attacks your pancreas with antibodies. The organ is damaged and doesn't make insulin. Type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. But it’s become more common in children and teens over the past 20 years, largely because more young people are overweight or obese. About 90% of people with diabetes have type 2. A person, who is suffering from diabetes, often tries to control its sugar intake as Insulin hormone production in the body is not stable. So sometimes it may be possible that because of low sugar intake and insulin works okay, blood sugar level may get down below the required value. In that situation a person will suffer from low sugar and will start feeling dizzy. In this situation immediate intake of glucose will increase the blood sugar level instantaneously and help it reach the required value.
Additional Information: Glucose is a monosaccharide and type of sugar whose metabolism in mitochondria produces the energy our body requires to work.
Note: As diabetes doesn’t have any permanent cure that’s why it is better to take precautions that can prevent the diabetes in body: -Get more physical activity -Eat food full of fiber -Eat whole grain foods -Don’t let your weight increase beyond body mass index