Non Renewable Energy

Advantages and Disadvantages of Non Renewable Energy

Non- removable energy is the resource that cannot be replaced or is replaced slowly and gradually by only natural processes. The energies that would be referred to as non-renewable energy are fossil fuels like coal, gas, and oils. Nuclear energy is also considered as non-renewable energy because there is a limited supply of uranium in the Earth’s crust. The fossil fuels take millions of years to form as they are created by the remains of dead cells of plants and animals. The formation of fossil fuels in the earth’s crust is a long-term process; hence, it should not be wasted. 

Types of non-renewable resources

Fuels created from non-renewable resources are the primary sources of all the power generated in the world, due to their affordability and the long process involved in their generation. Usually, non-renewable resources are formed from organic materials which are heated and compressed for many years and get converted into crude oil and natural gas. Non-renewable energy is mainly fossil fuels that are divided into three niches. Apart from this, there is one other non-renewable energy which is nuclear fuel.

Types of fossil fuel:

Natural gasCoalOil
The formation of natural gas is a long-term process as decomposition is conducted by a high amount of pressure and heat which takes billions of years. Coal is formed by the decomposition of trees, plants, and ferns which is a time taking process.Small organisms like zooplankton and algae are decomposed into oil due to excessive pressure.

Nuclear Fuel:

The fuel that can be used in a nuclear reactor to generate electricity is nuclear fuel. Uranium is one of the fuels used in nuclear reactors. It provides about 6% of the world’s total energy and 13-14% of the world’s electricity. 

The term non-renewable energy not only defines the above mentioned resources but also refers to other minerals and metals related to the earth such as gold, silver, iron and other similar materials. These materials take a long time period in their formation and are often costly to mine as they are found deep in the Earth’s crust. However, they are much more abundantly available than fossil fuels. 

The global impact of non-renewable energy

It is commonly understood that the burning of fossil fuels has a harmful effect on the environment and is also responsible for global warming and climate changes. Along with this, nuclear materials are also associated with risks because their radioactive nature makes them toxic.

Besides the environmental effect of fossil fuels, it also causes damages to the economy. Due to this reason, the demand and supply of these resources are always questioned. The cost to obtain these energies is continuously rising and suppliers and consumers are finding it difficult to deliver and utilize these resources. Eventually, the rising price ends the user’s affordability and consumers are forced to use other alternatives. 

Advantages and disadvantages of non-renewable energy

There have been long-running debates on the advantages and disadvantages of non-renewable energy sources. Hence, the consumers must be aware of both the sides of the coin. Mentioned below is an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of non-renewable energy:

Advantages of non-renewable energy

1. Non-renewable resources are high in energy. Resources such as coal and oil tend to provide us more energy in comparison to renewable energy such as solar or wind energy.
2. Huge profits can be generated in the mining of coal, selling of oil or the construction of natural gas pipelines.
3. These resources are easy to use whether in a home or anywhere else.
4. Consumers can find non-renewable resources at a very cost-effective price.
5. For some people, new machines and other energy sources cannot replace their tradition minerals like coal and oil. So, it is also termed as traditional energy.
6. Non-renewable energy is easily found anywhere and everywhere. This implies that they can be conveniently moved across the world. The people living in areas that are not easily approachable can make use of non-renewable energy.
7. Most importantly, non-renewable recourses are job creating. Extracting, transporting and refining are the parts of non-renewable sources that provide employment.
8. Most of the non-renewable sources are also very easy to store. 

Disadvantages of non-renewable energy 

Though they have a number of advantages, non-renewable resources have many disadvantages as well. These include:

1. One of the major disadvantages of non-renewable energy is that it is time-consuming. Mining of coal, searching for oil, installing oil drills, building oil rigs, inserting pipes to extract and the transportation of natural gases are very time-consuming processes. They also take a lot of effort.
2. Non- renewable energy can be dangerous and cause respiratory problems to humans because sources like fossil fuels emit gases such as carbon monoxide.
3. Sources like coal, oil and natural gas release a large amount of carbon dioxide when burnt. As a result of these chemicals, they are rapidly destroying the ozone layer.
4. Oxides like sulphur oxide and others released while burning fossil fuels may convert the rain in acidic rain which is harmful to the wildlife as well as human beings.
5. Because non-renewable energy takes billions of years in their formation, they are slowly but gradually vanishing from the earth. Using non-renewable resources indiscriminately without thinking for our future generations could be selfish.
6. Many non-renewable sources release smog which envelopes the buildings and other important things. Mostly in modern cities, people complain about the same. Black smog can make your building and other property appear dark and dirty.
7. Sometimes it may be risky as huge cargo-ships and oil-tankers while transporting oil crash and the content gets spilled in the sea or elsewhere. It can be deadly for the sea animals and human beings who may come in contact with it.
8. To keep the power station working, every time we need to keep a huge amount of fuel in reserve. This can be expensive and occupy a lot of space.
9. Not only to other people, but the workers who are working in coal mines or oil drills are also prone to a number of health risks. As a result, there are a large number of diseases, injuries and even deaths.
In conclusion, there are both positive and negative aspects of non-renewable energy. It is important to take the right action in order to make the world a better place for future generations.  

The main characteristics of renewable and non- renewable resources of energy are as follows:

Renewable resources:-

  • 1. These types of resources have the ability to regenerate themselves as they can be regenerated easily.

  • 2. The process of regeneration of renewable energy involves ecological processes for a specific time period.

  • 3. If renewable energy is utilized at a very high speed that is higher than the environment’s ability to refill it, then it may become non-renewable energy in the near future.

  • Non-renewable resources:-

  • 1. They are also termed as a stock resource as they are not available in high quantity, or we say that non-renewable energy is in finite quantity.

  • 2. These substances can be again used after recycling.

  • 3. Non-renewable energy is basically available in the form of minerals which are generally present in lithosphere of the earth in various forms.

  • 4. The non-renewable resources can be present in all the three states of matter namely solids, liquids or gases.

  • 5. The solid form of non-renewable resources includes coal, ignite, minerals, etc. while its liquid form includes petroleum, and its gaseous form includes resources such as natural gas etc.