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NSEP Exam Pattern 2023-24

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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About NSEP 2023-2024 Syllabus, Eligibility & Exam Pattern Provided by Vedantu

NSEP stands for National Standard Examination in Physics. This exam has been conducted every year without any fail since the year 1987. The examination is conducted by IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers). This examination is held for listing students for the IOS (International Olympiad of Science).


NSEP is the first stage that has to be qualified by the students if they are willing to participate in IOS (International Olympiad of Science). This examination is held at the regional level and helps students judge their ability and knowledge by the score they get in the examination. Scholars can give this exam in English, Hindi and some other languages. 


By providing enough supplements like NSEP sample papers, mock tests, revision questions, previous year questions, etc. Vedantu aims at guiding students to be well-prepared for the exam. There are many free materials available for students as well. By trusting Vedantu you will increase your opportunity to gain a better score and a bright future.

NSEP Exam Details - Brief Overview

Exam Conducted by 

Indian Association of Physics Teachers (IAPT)


Students up to and including Class 12



Mode of Exam


Exam Difficulty Level


Application Fee


Exam Duration

2 Hours


English, Bengali, Hindi and some other regional languages 


NSEP Exam Pattern 2023-2024 - Important Dates

The Indian Association of Physics Teachers (IAPT) has published the NSEP 2023 Exam dates along with the tentative result date. Students can find the dates in the table below.




The registration for NSEP 2023 will take place between 1st August  2023 to 20th August 2023.

The National Standard Examination in Physics 2023 will be conducted on 26th November, 2023.

The NSEP Results 2023 are expected to be  declared on 29th December, 2023.


NSEP Exam Pattern 2023-24 - Syllabus

Before students start studying for NSEP, it is imperative that they know the extent of the syllabus for the exam. Below is an overview of the  NSEP syllabus 2023-24.

S. No.




Units and Measurements

  • Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.


Motion in a Straight Line

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.

  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity - time and position-time graphs.

  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).


Motion in a Plane

  • Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector, product of vectors.

  • Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration projectile motion, uniform circular motion.


Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion.

  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, lubrication.

  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).


Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.


System of Particles and Rotational Motion

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.

  • Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.

  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

  • Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.



  • Kepler's laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

  • Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.


Mechanical Properties of Solids

  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy.


Mechanical Properties of Fluids

  • Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

  • Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity,

  • Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.


Thermal Properties of Matter

  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv - calorimetry; change of state - latent heat capacity.

  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wien's displacement Law, Stefan's law, Greenhouse effect.



  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. Thermodynamic state variables and equation of state, First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

  • Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, Heat engine and refrigerator.


Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.

  • Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure.

  • Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom; law of equi-partition of energy and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro's number.


Oscillations and Waves


  • Periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions.

  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. 

  • Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), Resonance.


  • Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics

  • Beats

  • Doppler effect.



  • Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

  • Current Electricity


Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Moving Charges and Magnetism

  • Magnetism and Matter

  • Electromagnetic Induction

  • Alternating Current

  • Electromagnetic Waves



  • Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

  • Wave optics


Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; 

  • Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. Experimental study of the photoelectric effect.

  • Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment.


Atoms and Nuclei

  • Atoms: Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

  • Nuclei: Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, half life and mean life. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.


Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only)

  • Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;

  • Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator.


Eligibility Criteria for NSEP 

The eligibility criteria is followed strictly for NSEP. These criteria are decided by the organiser of NSEP, IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers). Students should mark the points given below:

  •  Must be eligible to hold an Indian passport.

  • Date of birth between 1 July 2004 and 30 June 2009, both days inclusive.

  • Must be residing and studying in India since 30 November 2021 or earlier. Must be studying in an Indian school system since 30 November 2021 or earlier.

  • Must not have completed (or scheduled to complete) class 12 board examination earlier than 30 November 2023.

  • Must not have commenced (or planning to commence) studies in a university or equivalent institution by 1 June, 2023.

  • Must not be appearing in NSEJS 2023.

All of these eligibility criteria will be followed strictly and students who will not meet even a single criterion will be dismissed from taking the examination. 

NSEP Exam Pattern and Structure for 2023-2024

Students must have a thorough idea of the exam pattern before they sit to prepare for the same. Find below an overview of the NSEP 2023  exam pattern.


Exam Duration

Total Questions

Total Marks

  • Physics

  • Mathematics

2 hours 



Part A

Part B

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions 

Multiple Choice Questions 

No of Questions



Marks for Correct Answer



Marks for Incorrect Answer



Important Books for NSEP

Scholars will have to refer to good books for scoring great marks in the examination. The only way is to practise from certain selected books to clear the basics of physics and gain confidence in the subject. Following books will help students in a greater manner:

  • Preparation of the NSEP examination should always start by completely studying the NCERT books of Physics from class XI and Class XII. The NCERT books will be very helpful as they will help in creating a strong base for physics. NCERT will help students in creating a base that will help them in future.

  • H.C.Verma’s Concept of Physics by H.C.Verma’s ( Volume I and II )

  • Dhanpat Rai’s New Simplified Physics: A reference book for class 12.


We hope to have answered your queries through the detailed discussion on NSEP paper pattern and syllabus. Make sure you are thorough with the topics covered in the syllabus and are not leaving out any of them. Visit our website for more information on NSEP examination 2023 and also download the study materials and sample papers to ace the exam.

FAQs on NSEP Exam Pattern 2023-24

1. What are the Languages of NSEP 2023?

The National Science Examination In Physics or NSEP  is a national level examination and the question paper also comes in certain regional languages as well. The NSEP examination comes in languages such as English, Hindi, Bengali, and other regional languages. During the enrollment or registration process, it is the responsibility of the students to select the language in which they are most comfortable. 

2. What are the Other Stages After the NSEP Examination?

Following the NSEP examination, there are four levels, the last of which is the International Olympiad examination for Physics. Around 60,000 students take part in the first round of the NSEP exam, with around 300 students progressing to the second round. The students who have been chosen are then sent to the Indian National Olympiad (INO). 

In the second level, the top 50 applicants will be invited to the orientation-cum-selection camp. Just five students from the orientation and placement camps go to the pre-departure camp in the third tier, out of a total of 50 students. Finally, students from the pre-departure camps are given the chance to compete in major olympiads. The NSEP is believed to be the first step toward the Indian National Olympiad, which will be followed by the International Olympiads.

3. Which month NCEP is conducted?

This year, 2023, NSEP will be conducted in the month of November on 26th.

4. How many students are selected in NSEP?

Of all students who participate in NSEP, IOQP (Indian Olympiad Qualifier in Physics) usually chooses between 300-500 students.

5. How to Apply for NSEP?

Candidates who want to take the NCEP exam must complete a series of steps. Candidates are required to first download a registration form from the IAPT's official website. They must fill in all of their information after downloading the form. The candidate's name, address, parents' names, and the chosen language in which he or she wishes to take the exam should all be included. After entering all of the correct details, the applicant must sign a document indicating that everything is correct. The registration and declaration form, as well as a fee of Rs. 200 and the name of the centre where the applicant wishes to take the test, must be submitted. The fee is a one-time, non candidate qualifies for the next round, he or she should not be concerned about the fee. 

6. What are the Actual Benefits of Qualifying for the NSEP 2023-2024 Examination?

Throughout the year NSEP has proven to provide excellent benefits for the students who attain excellent NSEP results. After qualifying for this examination the candidate will have a scholarship for the undergraduate course, only if he or she decides to pursue a career in the field of Physics. The maximum number of scholarships that are granted every year is only ten. Appearing for a national competitive examination will help the candidates to evaluate themself and also compete with all the students from across the country. It will also help them to rectify their mistakes and not repeat them shortly.  

7. Is there any negative marking in NSEP 2023-24?

Yes, 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer in set A.