NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter-6

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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter-6 - Major Landforms of the Earth - Free PDF Download

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All the relevant study material with core concepts of NCERT Solution for Class 6 Chapter 6 is available on the Vedantu platform. Here we provide all the significant study material required for students to get their concepts clear. We provide study material in PDF format, chapter-wise NCERT solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6, previous year solved question paper, sample paper for practice.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 6 — Major Landforms of the Earth

Question 1: 

Answer the following questions briefly. 

a) What are the major landforms? 

Ans. The major landforms found on earth are—

  • Mountains

  • Plateaus

  • Plains

b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau? 


A Mountain

A Plateau

A mountain is formed as the earth surface naturally elevates very high and forms a peak. Mountains generally have a broad base and a narrow tip.  

A plateau is formed when the earth surface elevates to a shorter height and its top flattens into a table land.

c) What are the different types of mountains? 

Ans. Different types of mountains observed on earth are—

  • Fold mountain

  • Block mountain

  • Volcanic mountain

d) How are mountains useful to man? 

Ans. Mountains are highly useful to mankind. Some of such usefulness are described below.

  • Very high mountains, such as Himalays, have snow caps and glaciers which are the source of many rivers, falls, streams etc. Water from the mountain is used for drinking, irrigation, generation of hydro-electricity, etc.

  • Mountains are sources of various plants and animals. Forests in the mountain provide us with timber, fodder, various plant products such as resin, gum, latex etc. 

  • Mountains are used as travelling sites and tourist destinations. Many tourists visit mountain regions for trekking and adventure sports such as skiing, river rafting, paragliding, hang-gliding, etc.  

e) How are plains formed? 

Ans. The rivers and their tributaries result in erosion of rocks and soil while flowing down through the slopes of the mountains. These materials are carried forward and deposited along the course of the rivers as they pass through the valleys. Deposition of those materials for a long period of time forms the plains.

f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?

Ans. The reasons behind plains are quite thickly populated are:

  • The land in the plains is the  most fertile, thus agriculture is easily possible.

  • Also plains without elevation are easier places for transportation, construction of buildings. Thus, most river plains in the world are thickly populated.


g) Why are mountains thinly populated?

Ans. The reasons behind mountains are thinly populated are—

  • Mountains generally have harsh climatic conditions.

  • Lands in mountain areas are not very fertile and full of rocks and stone. Thus, agriculture is not very easy.

  • Transportation in the mountains is also difficult.

  • It is difficult to find flat lands on the mountain to build houses easily.

Question 2: 

Tick the correct answer. 

a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of— 

(i) elevation (ii) slope (iii) aspect

Ans. (i) elevation 

b) Glaciers are found in 

(i) the mountains (ii) the plains (iii) the plateaus 

Ans. (i) the mountains

c) The Deccan Plateau is located in— 

(i) Kenya (ii) Australia (iii) India

Ans. (iii) India 

d) The river Yangtze flows in— 

(i) South America (ii) Australia (iii) China

Ans. (iii) China

e) An important mountain range of Europe is— 

(i) the Andes (ii) the Alps (iii) the Rockies 

Ans. (ii) the Alps

3. Fill in the blanks. 

1. A ____ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.

Ans. plain

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of _____ types of mountains. 

Ans. fold

3. ____ areas are rich in mineral deposits. 

Ans. Plateau

4. The _____ is a line of mountains. 

Ans. range 

5. The ____ areas are most productive for farming. 

Ans. plain 

NCERT Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapterwise Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Books Available for

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science - The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth

This chapter covers the following crucial topics:

  • Mountains

  • Plateaus

  • Plains 

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 - Free PDF Download

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth explain to us that the surface of the earth is different everywhere. This chapter consists of Major Landforms of the earth, as Landforms are natural physical features of the earth that are mountains, plains, glaciers, valleys, and plateaus. 

The landforms of the earth are the result of the two opposing processes that are external and internal. The external process such as moving waves, wind, and ice, running water that acts on the earth's surface slowly. The internal process is earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that act within the earth’s surface and lead to the upliftment of the earth’s surface that results in the formation of plateaus and mountains.

CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 6, Major Landforms of the Earth also explains the different types of mountains that fold, volcanic, and block mountains and the uses of mountains on the earth's surface. It also explains the uses of plateaus and the significance of plains. All these topics are well explained in the Class 6 Geography Chapter 6.

Students looking for information on major landforms like how and why they happen and the different types of landforms. How and why plateau and mountains are formed, all the information about glaciers, plain and the river can find the answers for these questions in NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 pdf available below. The pdf includes brief and well-explained answers for all the questions discussed above. The solutions are prepared by subject experts at Vedantu, so you don't need to worry about its accuracy. Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science- The Earth Our Habitat pdf with a click of the mouse button on the pdf link given below and ease your preparation.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography Solutions- Past Chapter-Wise Solutions 

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography past chapter-wise solutions is available on Vedantu official website. The study material provided by Vedantu is prepared by keeping in mind the student’s ability to study and understand the whole study material. Students should also take a view on the past chapter wise NCERT Class 6 Geography solutions that are listed on Vedantu for them to easily study and score good marks.

  • The Earth in the Solar System

  • GLOBE – Latitudes and Longitude

  • Motions of the Earth

  • Maps

  • Major Domains of the Earth

  • Major Landforms of the Earth

  • Our Country India

  • India: Climate, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife

Other subjects of Social Science such as History and Social and Political Life NCERT solutions Class 6 are also available on the Vedantu platform, students are advised to go through it.

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Ans: Yes, Vedantu’s NCERT solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 study material are absolutely great and well designed in a manner for a better understanding for the student. Geography Chapter 6 The Earth our Habitat study material is available on Vedantu official website along with the solutions for NCERT questions Class 6 Geography Chapter 6. Well-explained study material and sample questions are enough for a student to prepare for the examination.

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4. What are the important topics discussed in Chapter 6 of Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat?

Ans: Chapter 6- Major Landforms of the Earth of Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat covers different regions and types of land present on the Earth. It helps you understand different landforms on Earth, including Mountains, Plains, Glaciers, Valleys, and Plateaus. It also tells you the importance of each landform on the Earth.

5. Explain how mountains are useful to a man, according to Chapter 6 of Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat.

Ans: Mountains have many uses, and they are vital for a man to live their life peacefully. Mountains are the storehouse that provides numerous benefits and important things to a man. They provide fodder, fuel, shelter, other products like gum, raisins, etc, that are very useful for people. They are also the storehouse of water. Many people are dependent on forests for their survival in the form of shelter, food, or a way of earning a livelihood.

6. What are the major landforms of the Earth, according to Chapter 6 of Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat?

Ans: The major landforms of the Earth are as follows:

  1. Mountains

  2. Plains

  3. Glaciers

  4. Valleys

  5. Plateaus 

Each landform comprises its unique features and supports several plant and human life on it. Every landform has its importance on the Earth. The surface of each landform is different. Mountains are on slopes where plains are the flat surfaces on the Earth. 

7.How many landforms is the Earth divided into?

Ans: The Earth is divided into three prominent landforms: mountains and plateaus form the earth's solid part, mainly the hilly areas present at heights. Second is the plains, where the majority of living organisms live that you are familiar with. The third is the water bodies containing water, which is the essential part of life on earth. 

8. How are plains formed, according to Chapter 6 of Class 6 Social Science The Earth Our Habitat?

Ans: Different landforms on the Earth come in the solid part of the Earth. Where mountains and plateaus are formed by internal processes like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, plains are formed with the residues of these volcanic eruptions. When these residues become rocks and start to pile up, it results in the formation of plains. 

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