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# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

Last updated date: 02nd Aug 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth,  we explore the dynamic movements of our planet and their profound effects on life and the environment. This chapter delves into the two primary Motions of the Earth: rotation and revolution. This motion of the earth class 6 is fundamental to learning how these motions influence daily life, weather patterns, and the natural rhythms of our world.

The answers provided are clear and exact solutions to all NCERT Solutions Geography Class 6 questions. These solutions help understand complex subjects and study effectively for exams. Check out the revised Class 6 social science syllabus and start with Vedantu for your academic excellence.

## Glance on NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

• Learn about Earth spinning on its axis (imaginary line passing through the North and South Poles) causing day and night. (One rotation takes approximately 24 hours)

• Discusses the concept of the circle of illumination in Motions of the Earth Class 6 Questions and Answers - the part of the Earth receiving sunlight at a particular time.

• This Chapter explains how the tilt of Earth's axis on its orbital plane (66 ½ degrees) causes variations in the Sun's rays reaching different parts of the Earth throughout the year, leading to seasons.

• Motions of the Earth Class 6 Questions and Answers explains the four seasons: summer, winter, spring, and autumn, and the related changes in day and night length for different hemispheres.

• The concept of a leap year (one extra day added every four years to account for the extra ¼ day in Earth's revolution) is covered in Motion of Earth Class 6.

• The difference between equinoxes (equal day and night) and solstices (longest and shortest days) is explained well.

## Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

1. What is the angle of inclination of the earth's axis with its orbital plane?

Ans: The angle of inclination of the earth's axis with its orbital plane is 66 ½ °.

1. Define rotation and revolution.

Ans:

Rotation: It is the movement of the Earth on its axis. It takes 24 hours for Earth to complete one rotation. This movement of the planet Earth on its axis is considered responsible for day and night on Earth.

Revolution: This is the 360° movement of Earth in its orbit around the sun. It takes 365 ¼ days to complete one revolution. This causes seasons on Earth.

1. What is a leap year?

Ans: Each revolution of the earth takes 365 ¼ days i.e. 365 days and 6 hours. These 6 hours sum up to 24 hours i.e. one day in 4 years. This one extra day is added to February every fourth year and it has 29 days instead of 28 days. So, this year has 366 days and is called a leap year.

1. Differentiate between the Summer and Winter Solstice.

Ans:

Summer Solstice: On 21st June, the sun's rays directly fall on the Tropic of Cancer, and the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. The areas near the pole receive minimal heat because of the slanting rays. The North Pole of the Earth is said to be inclined towards the sun and the places beyond the Arctic Circle experience continuous daylight for about six months. All these conditions are reversed in the Southern Hemisphere and it is winter season there. The nights are longer than the days. This is called the Summer Solstice.

Winter Solstice: In this, the Tropic of Capricorn receives direct rays from the sun as the south pole tilts towards the sun. This takes place on 22nd December every year. It is the summer season in the Northern Hemisphere whereas it is exactly opposite in the Southern Hemisphere i.e. the presence of summer. The regions experiencing winters have longer nights than days. This is called the Winter Solstice.

1. What is an equinox?

Ans: An equinox is a phenomenon when the sun's rays directly fall on the equator. At this position, the whole of the earth experiences equal days and nights as neither of the poles is tilted towards the sun. This occurs twice a year on 21st March and 23rd September.

1. Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience winter and Summer Solstice at different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?

Ans: The Southern Hemisphere experiences winter and Summer Solstice at different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere because the poles tilt towards the sun during different times.

1. Why do the poles experience about six months of day and six months of night?

Ans: The poles experience about six months of day and six months of night because each of the poles remains tilted towards the sun for six months straight. So, this continuous tilt causes the poles to experience about six months of day and when the other pole tilts towards the sun it causes six months of night.

(a) The movement of the earth around the sun is known as

(i) Rotation

(ii) Revolution

(iii) Inclination

Ans: (ii) Revolution

(b) Direct rays of the sun fall on the equator on

(i) 21 March

(ii) 21 June

(iii) 22 December

Ans: (ii) 21 June

(c) Christmas is celebrated in summer in

(i) Japan

(ii) India

(iii) Australia

Ans: (iii) Australia

(d) Cycle of the seasons is caused due to

(i) Rotation

(ii) Revolution

(iii) Gravitation

Ans: (ii) Revolution

3. Fill in the blanks.

1. A leap year has _____ number of days.

Ans: 366 days

1. The daily motion of the earth is ____ .

Ans: rotation

1. The earth travels around the sun in _____ orbit.

Ans: elliptical

1. The sun's rays fall vertically on the Tropic of _____  on 21 st June.

Ans: cancer

1. Days are shorter during _____ season.

Ans: Winter

## Topics Covered In Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

 Geography Chapter 3 Class 6 Topics Rotation Revolution Orbital Plane Circle Of Illumination Leap Year Elliptical Orbit Summer Solstice Winter Solstice Equinox

## Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

• Motions of the Earth Class 6 PDF NCERT Solutions covers all the important topics and subtopics of the chapter, providing students with a comprehensive understanding and facilitating effective revision.

• Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Questions and Answers Solutions can offer detailed explanations of concepts you might find challenging in the textbook, solidifying your learning of the material.

• Geography Class 6 Chapter 3 PDF solutions are aligned with the updated CBSE guidelines for Class 6, ensuring students are well-prepared for exams.

• Clear explanations of complex socialist ideas and principles help in understanding the core concepts in Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Questions and Answers.

• Motions of the Earth Chapter 3 Class 6 of Geography PDF provides accurate answers to textbook questions and assists in effective exam preparation and better performance.

• Motions of the Earth Class 6 NCERT Solutions enhance critical thinking skills by analysing the significance of Motions of the Earth in shaping modern Geography.

## Important Study Material Links for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

 S. No Important Study Material Links for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 1. Class 6 Motions of the Earth Revision Notes 2. Class 6 Motions of the Earth Important Questions

## Conclusion

Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Questions and Answers provides an insightful understanding of the Earth's rotation and revolution and their significant impacts on our daily lives and the environment. The Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth PDF equips students with foundational knowledge about the Earth's movements, enhancing their comprehension of natural phenomena and the intricate balance that sustains life on our planet. Recognising the importance of these motions fosters a deeper appreciation for the dynamic nature of our world.

Dive into our FREE PDF links offering chapter-wise NCERT solutions prepared by Vedantu Experts, to help you understand and master the social concepts.

 NCERT Solutions Class 6 Geography Other Chapter-wise List Chapter 1 - The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 4 - Maps Chapter 5 - Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 6 - Our Country India

## Related Important Links for Class 6 Geography

 S. No Important Links for Class 6 Geography 1. CBSE Class 6 Geography NCERT Books 2. CBSE Class 6 Geography Revision Notes 3. CBSE Class 6 Geography Important Questions 4. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Sample Papers

## FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth

1. What is the Best Platform to Avail the Revised NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography Syllabus with Well-Defined Topics?

Vedantu is the best platform to prepare for the examination. It provides the revised structure of the NCERT Class 6 Social Science Geography syllabus with defined topics. Vedantu brings well-curated study material provided by professional teachers with years of experience in a PDF format for free of cost. Yes, you heard it right, you can access them all in one study material without paying a single penny. Start by downloading the Motions of the Earth Class 6 PDF.

2. Are Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Motions of the Earth Class 6 PDF  Enough to Prepare for the Examination?

Yes, Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography- The Earth Our Habitat Chapter 3 Motion of the Earth is enough to prepare the chapter and score high on the examination. Vedantu provides relevant study material based on the CBSE pattern. It caters to NCERT Solutions for Geography Class 6 Chapter 3 with selected questions for students’ benefit. Vedantu creates a student-friendly atmosphere, where a student is not forced to study, here students study with full determination to build their future.

3. Can the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth PDF help you to score high marks?

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 are given online at Vedantu. Students can download PDF Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 free of cost from the Vedantu website (vedantu.com). Students can prepare for their exams from the NCERT Solutions as they are given in very easy language. Students can understand the concepts and revise from the NCERT Solutions before the exams. They can score good marks if they thoroughly revise NCERT Solutions before the exams.

4. List the topics that are covered in Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography.

Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth PDF from the Vedantu website (vedantu.com). Students can learn about the different movements of the Earth in this chapter. The topics to be studied in the chapter are:

• Motions of the Earth-rotation and Revolution

• How movements of the Earth cause Seasonal Variations

Students can download NCERT Solutions for Class Geography Chapter 3 from the Vedantu app also as all questions are given by experts.

5. What is the Summer Solstice in Motions of the Earth Class 6 PDF Solution?

Summer solstice refers to the position of the earth when, in the northern hemisphere, it is the longest day and shortest night on 21st June, and in the southern part of the earth, it is the shortest day and longest night. The northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun on 21st June, due to which it experiences the longest day and the shortest night. When the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, the North Pole receives sunlight for the whole day. Understand it better in the Motion Of The Earth Class 6 Question Answer PDF.

6. What is the daily motion of the Earth called in class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Question Answer?

The daily movement of the earth is called rotation. It is the movement of the earth when it moves around its axis, also known as the diurnal motion of the earth. Rotation produces day and night as it takes 24 hours to complete one rotation. The other movement of the earth is called revolution, and it is the movement of the earth around the sun.

7. What is a leap year from the Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Question Answer?

In a leap year, the year has 366 days instead of 365 days. The earth takes 36514 days to complete one revolution around the sun. However, a year is considered to have 365 days, and we ignore the remaining 6 hours for convenience. The 6 hours are added to make a complete day, once in four years. The additional day is added to February, after every four years.

8. What are the two main Motions of the Earth discussed in Chapter 3?

The two main Motions of the Earth discussed in Chapter 3 are rotation and revolution. Rotation refers to the Earth's spinning on its axis, while revolution refers to the Earth's orbit around the Sun.

9. How does the Earth's tilt affect the seasons?

The Earth's tilt (approximately 23.5 degrees) affects the seasons by causing different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. This tilt leads to seasonal changes as the Earth revolves around the Sun.

10. Why do we experience different lengths of day and night?

As we studied in Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Question Answer, Different lengths of day and night are experienced due to the tilt of the Earth's axis and its rotation. As the Earth rotates, different areas receive sunlight at different angles, resulting in varying day lengths throughout the year.

11. What is the significance of the solstices and equinoxes explained in Motion Of The Earth Class 6 Question Answer?

Solstices and equinoxes are significant markers of the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The solstices (summer and winter) mark the longest and shortest days of the year, while the equinoxes (spring and autumn) mark the times when day and night are approximately equal in length.

12. How does the Earth's rotation affect the time zones?

In the Motion Of The Earth Class 6 Question Answer, The Earth's rotation affects time zones by dividing the Earth into 24 time zones, each representing one hour of the 24-hour day. As the Earth rotates, different regions experience daylight and darkness at different times, leading to the establishment of time zones.