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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Chapter 10 - Financial Markets

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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NCERT Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10: Complete Resource for Financial Markets

Students who are preparing for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10 can now refer to NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10 Financial Market. Available at Vedantu, Class 12 Business Studies Ch 10 aid students in their exam preparations. The study material including NCERT Solutions is the best source of information as they are developed by subject experts in Business Studies. These Financial Market Class 12 NCERT Solutions cover definitions, key concepts and questions and answers that facilitate the process of learning. Moreover, many students suggest other students refer to NCERT Solutions, especially for last-minute exam preparations and revision. NCERT Solutions are also available in the form of free PDF download for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10.


NCERT Solutions for Class 12


Class 12 Business Studies

Chapter Name:

Chapter 10 - Financial Markets


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Academic Year:



English and Hindi

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Mastering Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10: Financial Markets - MCQs, Question and Answers and Tips for Success

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1. Primary and secondary markets 

(a) Compete with each other 

(b) Complement each other 

(c) Function independently 

(d) Control each other 

Ans: Option (a)

The primary and secondary markets are mutually beneficial. The primary market is concerned with the new securities. It is related to when a company for the very first time issues securities which is called an IPO, meaning the company is offering securities to the general public for subscription), they are traded in the Primary Market with the assistance of issuing houses, dealing/brokerage firms, investment bankers, and or underwriters. That is, a company raises capital directly from borrowers through the primary market and if we talk about the secondary market, it deals with the purchase and sale of existing securities. In other words, after the securities are issued in the primary market, they are traded in the secondary market. In this way, the two markets complement one another.

2. The total number of Stock Exchange in India is 

(a) 20 

(b) 21 

(c) 22 

(d) 23 

Ans: Option (d)

In India, there are a total of 23 stock exchanges. However, according to the most recent SEBI updates, India has 25 stock exchanges.

3. The settlement cycle in NSE is 

(a) T+5

(b) T+3

(c) T+2

(d) T+1

Ans: Option (c)

The settlement cycle is the time period during which actual settlement between buyers and sellers of shares occurs. In other words, it is called as the time span between when the seller of the shares receives the money and when the buyer of the share acquires ownership of the share. The NSE operates on a T + 2 settlement cycle. T + 2 indicates that transactions completed on the trading day will be settled by the exchange of money and securities on the following business day (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, Bank and exchange trade holidays). The transaction date is denoted by the letter T. As a result, T + 2 implies that NSE transactions are used to settle within 2 days of the date of transaction.

4. The National Stock Exchange of India was recognized as stock exchange in the year 

(a) 1992 

(b) 1993 

(c) 1994 

(d) 1995 

Ans: Option (b)

The National Stock Exchange of India was founded in 1992 as a public limited company by financial institutions. However, under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act of 1956, it was recognized as a stock exchange in April, 1993. It began operations in the capital market in 1994, and operations in the derivatives market began in 2000.

5. NSE commenced futures trading in the year

(a) 1999 

(b) 2000 

(c) 2001 

(d) 2002 

Ans: Option (b)

The National Stock Exchange began operations in 1994. On June 12, '2000,' it began trading in the futures and options markets.

6. Clearing and settlement operations of NSE are carried out by 

(a) NSDL 

(b) NSCCL 

(c) SBI 

(d) CDSL 

Ans: Option (b)

NSCCL handles the clearing and settlement operations for the NSE. NSCCL (National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd.) was founded in August 1995 and began clearing for the NSE in April 1996.

7. A Treasury Bill is basically: 

(a) An instrument to borrow short-term funds 

(b) An instrument to borrow long-term funds 

(c) An instrument of capital market 

(d) None of the above 

Ans: Option (a)

Treasury Bills are a short-term borrowing instrument. These are generally issued by the central bank i.e  Reserve Bank of India and that too on the behalf of the Union Government i.e Government of India.

Short Questions and Answers (3 or 4 Marks Questions)

1. What are the functions of a financial market? 

Ans: A financial market is a market for the creation and exchange of financial assets such as shares and debentures. A financial market performs the following functions.

i) Savings mobilization and channeling into the most productive uses. A financial market serves as a conduit between savers and investors. It serves as a channel for the transfer of savings from households to investors. It provides savers with a variety of investment options, assisting in the allocation of surplus funds to the most productive use.

ii) Make Price Discovery Easier. The price of a financial asset, like a commodity, and generally determined by the forces of demand and supply for funds. The financial market serves as a platform for the interaction of fund demand (represented by business firms) and fund supply (represented by the households). As a result, it aids in determining the price of the traded asset.

iii) Gives Financial Assets Liquidity. In a financial market, an asset or security can be easily bought and sold. This gives the assets liquidity. That is, assets can be easily converted into cash or cash equivalents through financial market trading.

iv) Reduce Transaction Costs. Financial markets provide useful information about the securities that are traded on the market. It saves time, effort, and money that both buyers and sellers of a financial asset would otherwise have to spend trying to find each other. As a result, the financial market serves as a common platform where buyers and sellers can meet to meet their individual needs.

2. ''Money Market is essentially a Market for short term funds''. Discuss. 

Ans: The money market is a market for trading short-term securities and funds. Money market securities have a very short maturity period ranging from one day to one year. These assets can be used as a close substitute for cash or money. These are also called as 'Near Money instruments' due to their short maturity period. These instruments are considered as an vital source of financing for working capital needs. They have a high level of liquidity. DFHI offers a discount on money market securities and a ready market for them. Furthermore, securities traded in the money market are safe and secure because transactions are made in instruments issued by financially strong financial institutions and companies. Treasury bills, commercial paper, call money, certificates of deposit, and other common instruments traded in the money market include treasury bills, commercial paper, call money, certificates of deposit, and so on.

3. What is a Treasury Bill? 

Ans: The Reserve Bank of India issues Treasury Bills on behalf of the Central Government of India. They are issued to meet the Government of India's short-term funding needs. Treasury Bills have maturities ranging from 14 to 364 days. These bills are typically introduced by commercial banks, LICs, UTIs, non-banking financial institutions, and so on. They're also known as Zero-Coupon Bonds. Treasury bills are highly liquid instruments because the RBI is always willing to purchase them. Furthermore, because they are issued by the RBI, they are regarded as the safest instrument. They are available for a minimum of Rs 25,000 and in multiples of that amount. Treasury Bills are issued at a discount, that is, at a lower price than the face value, and are redeemed at par. The interest received during redemption is denoted by the discount (the difference between the issue price and the redemption value). The purpose of issuing T-Bills is to meet the government's short-term money borrowing needs. T-bills have several advantages over other bills, including: 

1. They have a zero risk weighting  because of issuance by the government, and on the other hand sovereign papers carry no risk.

2. High liquidity because the maturities are 91 and 364 days, respectively.

3. Accountability.

4. Because T-Bills have a very active secondary market, they have a higher degree of tradability.

4. Distinguish between Capital Market and Money Market. 

Ans: The following points highlight the difference between Capital Market and Money Market:

Basis of difference

Capital Market

Money Market

Time Span of Securities

The capital market is primarily concerned with the trading of medium and long-term securities with maturities of more than one year.

This Market is usually concerned with the short-term trading of securities with maturities ranging from one day to a maximum of one year.


Capital market securities are liquid in the sense that they can be traded on stock exchanges, but they are less liquid than money market securities.

The traded securities are extremely liquid. DFHI offers a discount on money market securities and a ready market for them.

Return expected

Because of the possibility of long-term and regular dividends or bonuses, expected returns are higher.

Because of the shorter duration, expected returns are lower.


Equity shares, preference shares, debentures, bonds, and other long-term securities are among the instruments traded in the capital market.

Treasury bills, commercial bills, certificates of deposit, and other short-term securities are among the instruments traded in the money market.


In terms of principal repayment, capital market securities carry a higher level of risk.

The securities here are less risky due to the short time period and the issuers' strong financial position.

5. What are the functions of a Stock Exchange? 

Ans: The term "stock exchange" refers to a market where existing securities are bought and sold. The primary functions of a stock exchange are as follows. 

(i) Provides Liquidity and Marketability: The stock exchange provides a ready-to-trade platform for existing securities. In another way we can say, it provides a continuous market for the sale and purchase of securities. Securities can be easily converted into cash via stock exchange whenever needed. Furthermore, long-term securities can be converted to medium-term and short-term securities via stock exchange.

(ii) Determination of Prices: A stock exchange aids in determining the value of the monetary assets traded in that market. It provides a platform for interaction between buyers and sellers of securities, assisting in the determination of securities prices through the forces of demand and supply.

(iii) Fair and Safe Market: As a legal and well-regulated market, the stock exchange. It operates within the boundaries of the defined and existing legal framework. As a result, it ensures transactional safety and fairness.

(iv) Facilitates Economic Growth: Securities are constantly bought and sold on a stock exchange. This ongoing process of disinvestment and reinvestment aids in directing savings and investments to the most productive uses. This boosts capital formation as well as economic growth. 

(v) Spreading Equity Cult: A stock exchange can help educate people about investing by regulating issues and improving trading practices. It encourages and promotes people to invest in ownership securities. 

(vi) Acts as an Economic Barometer: A stock exchange reflects changes in economic conditions through changes in share prices. For example, the rise (or fall) in share prices reflects a boom (or recession).

(vii) Scope for Speculation: It is widely assumed that some degree of speculation is required for improved liquidity and the maintenance of demand and supply for securities. Within the confines of the law, the stock exchange allows for a reasonable and controlled scope of speculation.

6. What are the objectives of the SEBI? 

Ans: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was formed to promote the orderly and healthy growth of India's securities market. The following points highlight SEBI's overall goals:

1. To regulate the stock exchanges market as well as the securities industry in order to ensure their smooth operation.

2. To protect and guide individual investors' rights and interests, as well as to educate and guide them.

3. To prevent trading malpractices and strike a balance between the securities industry's self-regulation and statutory regulation.

4. Regulating as well as developing a code of conduct and fair practices for intermediaries such as brokers, merchant bankers, and so on. , in order to make them more competitive and professional.

7. State the objectives of the NSE. 

Ans: The National Stock Exchange of India was established in 1992. It was established as a stock exchange in 1993 and began operations in 1994. It was founded by major banks, financial institutions, insurance firms, and financial intermediaries. NSE was founded with the following goals in mind.

(i) The NSE aimed to establish a single nationwide trading system to provide trading in all types of securities. This type of system boosts investor confidence.

(ii) It ensured that all investors throughout the country have easy and equal access to a suitable communication network. It improves the security's liquidity. In the transaction, the people involved were limited under the regional stock exchange system. In contrast, the NSE incorporates transactions from all over the country, increasing the liquidity of the securities.

(iii) The NSE aims to provide a fair, efficient, and transparent securities market by utilizing an electronic trading system. Anyone can obtain information about the trading of various securities from the NSE's local terminals. As a result, it aids in the reduction of trading fraud.

(iv) One of the NSE's goals is to enable shorter settlement cycles and book entry settlements.

(v) The NSE aimed to meet international stock exchange standards and benchmarks.

Long Questions and Answers (5 or 6 Marks Questions)

1. Explain the various Money Market Instruments. 

Ans: The money market is a market where short-term funds are traded. In this context, short term funds are monetary assets with a maximum maturity period of one year. Some of the most common money market instruments are as follows.

(i) Treasury Bill I (T-Bills) A Treasury Bill is a promissory note used by the government for short-term borrowing. They are the most widely used financial instrument. The Reserve Bank of India auctions and issues them on behalf of the Central Government. T-bills can be purchased for as little as Rs 25,000 and in multiples of that amount. T- Bills are issued at a lower price than their face value, and when redeemed, the investor receives the face value. The interest earned on them is the difference between the value at which they are issued and the redemption value. For example, suppose an investor pays Rs 50,000 for a 182-day treasury bill with a face value of Rs 56,000. The investor will receive Rs 56,000 when the investment matures. Thus, the difference of Rs 6,000 (56,000 - 50,000) represents the bill's interest receivable. T-Bills are also referred to as ZeroCoupon Bonds. T-bills are highly liquid bonds with a guaranteed yield and a low risk of default.

(ii) Make a phone call. Call money is a type of short-term finance that is repayable on demand and has a maturity period ranging from one day to fifteen days. It is used for inter-bank transactions. Commercial banks are required to keep a minimum cash balance, known as the cash reserve ratio. The Reserve Bank of India modifies the cash reserve ratio on a regular basis, which affects the amount of funds available for lending by commercial banks. Call money is a method for banks to borrow from one another in order to maintain a cash reserve ratio. The call rate is regarded as the interest rate paid on call money loans. It is a highly volatile rate that fluctuates from day to day, and sometimes even hour to hour. Call rates have an inverse relationship with other short-term money market instruments such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper. That is, as the call rate rises, other money market instruments become less expensive and their demand rises.

(iii) (CPs) Commercial paper is a short-term unsecured money market instrument. It is a negotiable instrument as well as transferable promissory note whose maturity period ranges between 15 days to one year. They first appeared in India in 1990. Large and creditworthy companies typically issue CPs to raise short-term funds. Commercial Papers are viewed by large corporations as an alternative to bank borrowings and capital market borrowings. Commercial Papers bear interest at a lower rate than the market rate. Commercial Papers are commonly used for bridge financing by businesses. That is, to raise the funds needed to cover the floatation cost on long-term capital market borrowings. For example, If a company wants to raise capital from the capital market to buy land; It will have to incur floating costs for this, such as brokerage, commission, advertising, and so on. The company can issue Commercial Paper to finance such floatation costs. 

(iv) (CDs) Certificates of Deposit are unsecured time deposits that are negotiable. They are bearer instruments for a limited time period ranging from one month to more than five years. CDs are a type of secured investment that is issued by commercial banks and development financial institutions to individuals, corporations, and businesses. They are issued to meet credit demand during times of limited liquidity. For example, when a person purchases a CD by depositing a specific amount, he receives a certificate stating the term of the deposit, the applicable interest rate, and the maturity date. On the maturity date, the individual is entitled to the principal amount as well as the interest earned on it.

(v) Bill of Sale A commercial bill, also known as a bank bill or a bill of exchange, is an instrument used to finance a company's working capital needs. It is a short-term negotiable instrument. Commercial Bills are used by businesses to finance credit sales. When an individual makes credit sales, for example, the buyer becomes obligated to make the payment on a specified future date. In this case, the seller creates a bill of exchange and gives it to the buyer, indicating a specific maturity date. When the buyer accepts the bill, it becomes a marketable instrument that can be discounted with a bank.

2. What are the methods of floatation in the Primary Market? 

Ans: The following are the various methods for floating new issues.

(i) Make an offer through a prospectus The prospectus offer is the most common method for raising funds in the primary market. It entails soliciting subscriptions from the general public through the distribution of a prospectus. A prospectus is advertised in newspapers, magazines, and other publications. It includes information such as the fund's purpose, the company's history and future prospects, past financial performance, and so on. Such information informs the public and investors about the company, as well as the potential risks and earnings. Such issues must be listed on one of the stock exchanges and must adhere to the guidelines and rules outlined in the Companies Act and SEBI disclosure.

(ii) Make an offer through a sale. 

The securities are not issued by the company directly to the public under the offer through sale method, but rather through intermediaries such as brokers, issuing houses, and so on. That is, securities are issued in two steps under offer through sale: first, the company sells its securities to intermediaries at face value, and then the intermediaries resell the securities to the investing public.

(iii) Personal Placement The securities are sold to a select group of individuals and large institutional investors rather than to the general public under this method. Companies either issue the securities themselves or sell them to intermediaries, who then sell them to specific clients. This method saves the company money on a variety of mandatory and non-mandatory expenses such as manager fees, commissions, underwriter fees, and so on. As a result, companies that cannot afford the high costs associated with a public offering frequently opt for a private placement.

(iv) The Issue of Rights This is a privilege granted to existing shareholders to subscribe to a new issue of shares in accordance with the company's terms and conditions. The shareholders are given the 'right' to purchase additional shares in proportion to the number of shares they already own. 

(v) electronic initial public offerings (e-IPOs) It is a system for issuing securities via the internet. If a company decides to sell its securities via an online system, it must enter into an agreement with the stock exchange. This is known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO) (IPO). Brokers are appointed by the company to accept applications and place orders. A company can apply to be listed in any stock exchange except the one where it has previously offered securities.

3. Explain the recent Capital Market reforms in India. 

Ans: In 1988, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established. It was granted legal status in 1992. SEBI was established primarily to regulate the activities of merchant banks, to control the operations of mutual funds, to act as a promoter of stock exchange activities, and to act as a regulatory authority of company new issue activities. The SEBI was established with the primary goal of "protecting the interests of investors in the securities market and for matters connected with or incidental thereto."

The main functions of SEBI are:- 

  • To oversee the operation of the stock market and other securities markets.
  • promoting and regulating self-regulatory organizations To outlaw deceptive and unfair trade practices in the securities market.
  • Raising investor awareness and training intermediaries about market safety.
  • Prohibiting insider trading in the securities market; and 
  • Regulating large acquisitions of shares and corporate takeovers.
  • Establishment of Creditors Rating Agencies: The Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited (CRISIL - 1988), the Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Limited (ICRA - 1991), and Credit Analysis and Research Limited (CARE) were established to evaluate the financial health of various financial institutions and agencies involved in stock market activities. It also act as a guide for investors in assessing the risk of their investments. Increased Merchant Banking Activity In recent years, many Indian and foreign commercial banks have established merchant banking divisions. These divisions offer financial services such as underwriting, issue organization, and consulting. It has proven to be beneficial to factors related to the capital market.

  • Candid Performance of Indian Economy: In recent years, the Indian economy has grown at a rapid pace. It has attracted a good amount of Foreign Institutional Investment (FII). In recent times, the massive entry of FIIs into the Indian capital market has resulted in a positive appreciation for Indian investors. 

  • Increased Electronic Transactions: Because of technological advancements in recent years. The physical transaction is reduced, as is the amount of paperwork. Paperless transactions are now increasing at an alarming rate. It saves investors' money, time, and energy. As a result, it has made investing more secure and convenient, encouraging more people to participate in the capital market.

  • Growing Mutual Fund Industry: The expansion of mutual funds in India has undoubtedly aided the growth of the capital market. Many new funds have been launched by public sector banks, foreign banks, financial institutions, and joint mutual funds between Indian and foreign firms. Mutual funds in India have undergone significant diversification in terms of schemes, maturity, and so on. It has made it easier for ordinary investors to enter the capital market.

  • Growing Stock Exchanges: The number of different stock exchanges in India is growing. Initially, the BSE was the primary exchange, but since the establishment of the NSE, stock exchanges have spread throughout the country. A new stock exchange in India, the Interconnected Stock Exchange of India, has recently joined the existing stock exchanges.

  • Investors Protection: In 2001, the Central Government of India established the Investors Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) under the auspices of the SEBI. It is effective in educating and guiding investors. It used to protect the small investors interests from capital market frauds and malpractices. 

  • Growth of Derivative Transactions: The NSE has allowed derivatives trading in equities since June 2000. It also introduced futures and options transactions in November 2001. These innovative products have increased the variety of investment options, resulting in the expansion of the capital market.

  • Insurance Sector Reforms: In the last few years, the Indian insurance sector has also seen massive reforms. In the year 2000, the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) was established. It paved the way for private insurance companies to enter India. It has grown in size as more insurance companies invest their money in the capital market.

  • Commodity Trading: Commodity trading has recently been encouraged, in addition to the trading of ordinary securities. The Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) has been established. The volume of such transactions is rapidly increasing. Apart from these reforms, the establishment of the Clearing Corporation of India Limited (CCIL), Venture Funds, and so on has resulted in the phenomenal growth of the Indian capital market.

4. Explain the objectives and functions of the SEBI. 

Ans: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established in 1988 to promote the orderly and healthy growth of the Indian securities market. SEBI was established with the overarching goal of protecting investors and promoting the development and regulation of securities market functions.

Objectives of SEBI: 

SEBI's overarching goal is to protect investors' interests while also promoting the development and regulation of the securities market. This can be expanded as follows:

1. To promote the orderly operation of stock exchanges and the securities industry by regulating them. 

2. To protect the rights as well as interests of the investors, basically individual investors, as well as to guide and educate them 

3. To prevent trading malpractices and strike a balance between the securities industry's self-regulation and statutory regulation.

4. To regulate as well as develop a code of conduct & fair practices for intermediaries such as brokers and merchant bankers in order to make them more competitive and professional.

Functions of SEBI:

Given the nascent nature of India's securities market, SEBI was entrusted with the dual task of securities market regulation and development.

Regulatory Functions: 

1. Registration of brokers, sub brokers, and other market participants.

2. Collective investment schemes and mutual funds must be registered.

3. Stock bankers, portfolio exchanges, and merchant bankers are regulated.

4. Prohibition of deceptive and unfair business practices.

5. Controlling insider trading and takeover bids, as well as imposing penalties for such behavior.

6. Inquiring for information through inspections, inquiries, and audits of stock exchanges and intermediaries.

7. Imposing fees or other charges in order to carry out the Act's purposes.

8. Carrying out and exercising such powers as may be delegated by the Government under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act 1956.

Development Functions: 

1. Educating investors

2. Intermediary training

3. Advocating for fair practices and a code of conduct for all SROs.

4. Conducting research and disseminating information that is beneficial to all market participants.

5. Explain the various segments of the NSE. 

Ans: The National Stock Exchange, founded in 1992, is a technology-driven stock exchange. It was designated as a stock exchange in 1993 and began operations in 1994. The NSE trades in two major segments: Wholesale Debt Market Segment and Capital Market Segment.

(i) Wholesale Debt Market Segment This segment provides a trading platform for fixed income securities like state development loans, bonds issued by public sector undertakings, corporate debentures, commercial paper, mutual funds, central government securities, zero coupon bonds, treasury bills, and so on. In June 1994, the NSE began operations in the WholeSale Debt Market. It is the first system for trading in the debt market that is entirely based on screens. That is, it is the first trading system based on a computer. Trading in the debt market involves two parties: trading members (who are NSE-registered brokers) and participants (i.e. the buyers and sellers of securities). Transactions between participants are settled by members. For example, a member may place an order for the seller of a security, which is then suitably matched by another member for the buyer of a security who wishes to purchase that security. An order is kept in the system until it is properly matched. This NSE segment is also known as NEAT (National Exchange for Automated trading).

(ii) Capital Market Segment The NSE trades equity shares, preference shares, debentures, exchange traded funds, and retail government securities in this segment. It offers a reliable and transparent platform for a fair trading system. The capital market segment began operations in November 1995. The NSE Capital Market trading system is also known as the National Exchange for Automated Trading - Capital Market (NEAT- CM). The Capital Market segment's trading operations remain the same as in the Wholesale Debt market system.

NCERT Solution Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10-Free PDF Download

Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10 Financial Market for their exam preparations can now download the free PDF.  NCERT Solutions provided on our website as well as the mobile applications. Class 12 Business Studies Ch 10 study material in the PDF is developed by Business Studies subject experts who have qualitative experience in this work. Therefore, the free PDF download by NCERT is an accurate and reliable source of information that students can use for their exam preparations. 

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies 

Chapter 10 - Financial Market

Chapter 10 of the subject Business Studies for Class 12 CBSE covers the topic of the Financial Market. This chapter is very important for exam preparations as questions from this chapter are frequently asked in board exams. Some of the important concepts that are covered in this chapter are the functions of the financial market, the explanation of financial assets, the basic differences between the capital market and the money market. NCERT Solutions can also be used when preparing for this chapter as the study material provided by Vedantu is simple and easy to understand. 

With the help of important definitions, questions and answers, figures and diagrams, learning for the exams is also facilitated with the help of NCERT Solutions free PDF download.

Class 12 Business Studies Chapter-wise NCERT Solution

Access the Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies from the links provided below. All these solutions are available in free PDFs and are solved by our expert teachers to help you with your CBSE Board preparation.

Class 12 Business Studies Chapter-wise Marks Weightage

CBSE board has divided marks for various sections of the final exam paper or board paper. Business studies is a subject for Class 12 students that has its unique marking scheme provided by the CBSE board. The distribution of marks is also specified for each chapter. Below is a table provided with the details specified for Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 10 on the Financial Market:

Chapter Number

Chapter Name 

Total Marks

Term I Chapters


Nature & Significance of management



Principles of Management


Business Environment







Marketing Management


Project Work: 10 marks

40 marks (total)

Term II Chapters









Finance and Management



Financial Market


Consumer Protection


Project Work: 10 marks

40 marks (total)

Why are NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10 Financial Market Important?

  • The subject experts who have prepared the NCERT Solution. These in-house experts are well experienced, therefore, it makes the resources highly credible.

  • The second benefit of studying Chapter 10 Business Studies Class 12 from NCERT Solutions is that these resources are easily and freely accessible on the internet across the country, for all students.

  • Thirdly, students who prefer studying via short summaries, diagrams and charts, can find NCERT Solutions helpful as they have included all these infographics in their study material. 

  • The concepts are self-explanatory and well explained.

Related Links 

Other Related Links

So, this was all about CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10. We hope these NCERT Solutions helped you to understand this chapter better and also to boost your confidence for the upcoming examination. To keep you well prepared, we have also provided NCERT Class 12 Subject-wise Solutions as well as Subject-wise Revision Notes on our website. You can easily download them for free by visiting  Vedantu’s website and begin your preparation soon.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Chapter 10 - Financial Markets

1. What is the Main Difference Between the Capital Market and the Financial Market?

The Main Difference Between the Capital Market and the Financial Market are:

  • The capital market and financial markets have several differences.

  • Medium and long-term securities are traded in the capital market, while only short-term securities are traded in the financial market.

  • Equity shares, bonds, and debentures are commonly used investments in the capital market, whereas the financial market uses commercial paper, treasury bill, trade bill, and certificate of deposit.

  • Investments in the capital market are generally considered riskier than in the financial market, where investments are more secure.

2. What are the Main Functions of the Financial Markets?

The four main functions of the financial market in an economy: 

  1. The first function is to facilitate the mobilization of savings which then are further channelized for the most productive usage. 

  2. The second important function of the financial market in an economy is to help in the process of facilitating price discovery. 

  3. Third function or reason why the Financial Market is important because of its role in providing liquidity to financial assets. 

  4. The last function covered in the functions of the Financial Market is that with the help of a Financial Market, the cost of transacted can be reduced. 

3. What are the basics of the Financial Market?

Financial Market is a part of Class 12 Business Studies CBSE Syllabus. It is the tenth chapter in the business studies book. The basics of the Financial Market Chapter include topics explaining the basics of financial assets, the function of the financial market, stock exchange, understanding the basic difference between the money market and the capital market, and many more. It also deals with understanding the financial management of business organisations. The financial market refers to the markets where the business investments are said to be routed.

4. What are the trading procedures on a Stock Exchange?

Trading is an important step for the stock exchange. The first step in the trading procedure on a stock exchange is to find and select a broker. Once you select your broker, you should place your order of the stock that you want to exchange. After placing your order, the broker will help you to execute the order of the stock that you selected. Once all of this is done, the final procedure includes the settlement of the stock exchange. To know more, students can download the Vedantu app.

5. How can I understand the Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10: Financial Markets?

NCERT Solutions help students to understand Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10: Financial Markets better. Vedantu provides students with a free PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies which will help them prepare for the CBSE Board examinations. It has all the important questions and solutions that students need to learn from the examination point of view.  There are many important concepts, definitions, and other study materials that will help students to understand the Class 12 Business Studies Financial Markets Chapter.

6. What do you mean by Treasury Bill?

A Treasury Bill refers to an instrument that consists of short-term borrowing by the Government of India. This bill matures in less than a year. It is also known as Zero Coupon bonds which are generally issued by RBI on behalf of the central government. This helps to meet the short term requirements of the necessary funds. A treasury bill is issued only as a promissory note at a price that is lower than its face value.

7. Where can I get NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 10?

Vedantu provides students with all NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chapter 10 Business Studies. This ensures that students get detailed study materials that are provided by subject experts. This will help students clear their doubts in Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 12. Business Studies students can practice the subject as much as they want to. Vedantu provides the NCERT Solutions PDF for free for all the students.