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Maharashtra Board Class 12 Solutions for Chemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Thermodynamics - PDF

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Maharashtra Board Class 12 Solutions for Chemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Thermodynamics - Download Free PDF with Solution

The Maharashtra board class 12 chemistry solutions chapter 4 chemical thermodynamics are significant and essential because they aid students in comprehending complex concepts and in getting ready for both the class 12 board test and various competitive admission exams. Checking your comprehension of a particular topic by studying the answers to the questions in the Chemistry textbook will help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. By using chemistry class 12 chapter 4 exercise solutions, students can practice questions & answers available along with the solved examples. Students will learn about chemical thermodynamics definition, internal energy, and factors affecting internal energy.

This site offers free access to all the problems and solutions from Chapter 4 of the Chemistry Solutions Book for Class 12 students. All chemistry class 12 chapter 4 exercise solutions are created by subject experts helping students to practice well.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

Importance of Chemical Thermodynamics Class 12 Chapter 4

The Chemical Thermodynamics class 12 defines different aspects of the chemical. The field of science called thermodynamics focuses on how energy can change forms and how heat and temperature relate to the amount of energy and work produced. In other words, thermodynamics is the branch of science that studies how heat work to change the state of matter within the bounds of the rules of thermodynamics.

The rules of thermodynamics are not concerned with the rate at which a reaction occurs; instead, they deal with energy changes that occur during a response.

The solution further presents the definition of chemical thermodynamics. As per the solution, chemical thermodynamics is the relationship between work, heat, and chemical reaction. There are some basics of thermodynamics including-

Internal Energy

Internal energy is about the system's energy content. The energy, which can take on various forms, including potential, kinetic, etc., indicates the system's overall energy. By using the entire Maharashtra board class 12 chemistry solutions chapter 4 chemical thermodynamics, students can learn more about the chapter.

Benefits of Chemical Thermodynamics Class 12 Complete Solution

The chemistry class 12 chapter 4 exercise solutions are created by subject matter experts of Vedantu, keeping the guidelines of the Maharashtra board. The solution helps students practice for the exam and entrance exams conducted for the engineering course. By using the solution, students can-

  • Engage in last-minute preparation for exam and practice well.

  • Students using the solution can solve complex questions and understand formulas used.

Download the Chemical Thermodynamics Class 12 Solutions PDF Maharashtra Board

For students who are keen on engaging in last-minute practice can now download the chemical thermodynamics class 12 solutions pdf Maharashtra board for free. Vedantu offers free PDF format of the chapter using which student will have easy process to practice. The PDF format can be downloaded on laptop or mobile for easy viewing. There no charges. Just visit the Vedantu website look for the chapter and class, you will find the PDF to download and practice.

FAQs on Maharashtra Board Class 12 Solutions for Chemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Thermodynamics - PDF

1. What are the factors that affect Internal Energy?

There are two ways on how internal energy is affected:


Energy exchanged between a system and its surroundings is what is referred to as a system's work. External elements, such as an external force, volume, change in temperature, etc., influence the work.


The kinetic energy of a substance's molecules is referred to as heat in thermodynamics. The fundamentals of thermodynamics and heat enabled process designers and engineers improve their systems and economically capture the energy of chemical reactions.

2. What is enthalpy of fusion?

The term "heat of fusion" refers to the energy required to melt a specific mass of a solid at that solid's melting point temperature. On the other hand, it also represents the energy lost when a specific mass of liquid hardens. For instance, water has an 80 calorie heat of fusion per gram.

3. What are the two types of thermodynamic systems?

There are two types of thermodynamic systems-

Open System:

Systems that allow both the exchange of matter and energy are referred to as open systems. For instance, when water gets heated using the stove, the container behaves like an open system since heat energy is being supplied from outside and the substance discharged is water vapor.

Closed System:

A closed system is one in which only energy, not matter, is exchanged with the environment. Another way to put it is that in a closed system, the amount of matter is always the same and the only variable is the system's energy.

4. What is the first law of chemical thermodynamics?

The conservation of energy is the first law of thermodynamics. This law states that when a system transitions from an initial state to a final state, the total energy of the system and its surroundings stays constant.