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Urea
A.is an amide of carbonic acid
B.is diamide of carbonic acid
C.gives carbonic acid on hydrolysis
D.Resembles carbonic acid

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Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Urea is the most widely known waste product of many living organisms. It is also a major component of human urine and animal waste. Urea is a natural product of nitrogen and protein metabolism and is prepared by heating carbon dioxide ($C{{O}_{2}}$) and ammonia ($N{{H}_{3}}$). To solve this problem first we have to know the structure of urea.

Complete answer:Urea is the major nitrogenous end product of the metabolic breakdown of proteins in human beings, animals, and some fishes. When proteins are broken down, amino groups i.e $-N{{H}_{2}}$groups are removed from an amino acid that partly comprises proteins. Further, these amino groups are converted to ammonia $(N{{H}_{3}})$. As we know ammonia is very much toxic to our body system, thereby it must be converted to urea and excreted through urine.

Urea can be made commercially by combining liquid carbon dioxide and liquid ammonia under high pressures and elevated temperatures. At first ammonium carbamate is formed which then further decomposes to urea and water at low pressures.

$\begin{align}
  & 2N{{H}_{3}}+C{{O}_{2}}\to N{{H}_{2}}COON{{H}_{4}} \\
 & \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(Ammonium\,\,carbamate) \\
\end{align}$
$\begin{align}
  & N{{H}_{2}}COON{{H}_{4}}\to N{{H}_{2}}CON{{H}_{2}}+{{H}_{2}}O \\
 & \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(Urea) \\
\end{align}$

When both the hydroxyl groups $(-OH)$ of carbonic acid (${{H}_{2}}C{{O}_{3}}$) are replaced by $-N{{H}_{2}}$ groups then the formed structure of diamide is called urea. Hence urea is a diamide of carbonic acid.

Thus, option (B) is correct.

Note: As urea contains a high amount of nitrogen, hence it can be used as fertilizer. It makes a long-lasting fertilizer and gradually releases ammonia into the soil. Nitrogen in urea is in non-protein form and hence it can be utilized in animals like sheep, and cattle. A major portion of animal protein requirements can be taken in this way.