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# JEE Main - Statistics and Probability Important Questions (Free PDF Download) Last updated date: 30th Nov 2023
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## Study Smartly About - Statistics and Probability Important Questions for JEE Main With Solutions PDF

Vedantu has created a valuable resource for those preparing for JEE Main 2024. They've compiled a carefully selected set of Statistics and Probability Important Questions JEE Main, curated precisely by Vedantu's Master Teachers. These teachers stay informed about the latest trends to ensure that the questions closely match the JEE Main exam syllabus. Statistics and Probability important questions for JEE Main include multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and Integer Questions, allowing students to evaluate their skills at different levels. Alongside comprehensive solutions and explanations, the JEE Main Important Questions PDF helps students understand the correct strategies and techniques. Furthermore, the Statistics and Probability Important Questions for JEE Main PDF incorporates Previous Year Questions from JEE Main Exams, providing students with ample problem solving opportunities to excel in the upcoming exam. The best part? All these resources are entirely free and easily accessible in PDF format for direct download from our website.

 Category: JEE Main Important Questions Content-Type: Text, Images, Videos and PDF Exam: JEE Main Chapter Name: Statistics and Probability Academic Session: 2024 Medium: English Medium Subject: Mathematics Available Material: Chapter-wise Important Questions with PDF

The Statistics and Probability chapter covers the mathematical study of data analysis, probability theory, and statistical methods. This is a crucial chapter for JEE Main Exams, and you can expect at least two questions from it. Check out how many questions were asked from the Statistics and Probability chapter in the last five years of JEE Main exams.

 Year Wise Weightage of Questions: JEE Main Statistics and Probability Sl. No. Year Average No. Of Questions Asked Marks per Question Total Marks 2023 2 4 8 2022 2 4 8 2021 2 4 8 2020 2 4 8 2019 2 4 8

The master teachers of Vedantu worked hard to ensure the Statistics and Probability Important Questions for JEE Main is a perfect match of the exam syllabus. So, gear up to succeed – grab your Statistics and Probability Important Questions for JEE Main now and shine bright  in your exam!

## Top Concepts to Study in Statistics and Probability for JEE Main 2024

Here, you will look at the main topics you should review in Statistics and Probability. These crucial topics can truly improve your preparation. Good at them will give you a big advantage in the upcoming test. So, let's discuss the essential topics you need to consider for success in JEE Main 2024.

• Descriptive Statistics

• Probability Basics

• Probability Distributions

• Conditional Probability

• Random Variables

• Probability Functions

• Correlation and Regression

• Sampling and Estimation

• Hypothesis Testing

• Counting and Permutations

• Probability Applications

• Expected Values and Variance

## Topics of JEE Main Maths Chapter - Statistics and Probability

1. ### Measures of Discretion:

Measures of Dispersion are essential in understanding the spread or variability within a dataset. You'll also encounter the calculation of essential measures such as mean, median, mode for both grouped and ungrouped data, as well as the calculation of standard deviation.

### Mean, Median, and Mode:

Mean (Average): The mean is the sum of all data points divided by the total number of data points. For grouped data, you consider the midpoint of each group, and for ungrouped data, you sum all values and divide by the number of values.

Median: The median is the middle value in a data set when all values are arranged in ascending order. In the case of an even number of data points, the median is the average of the two middle values.

Mode: The mode is the value that appears most frequently in the dataset. A dataset can have no mode, one mode (unimodal), or multiple modes (multimodal).

### Standard Deviation:

The standard deviation measures the spread or variability of data. For ungrouped data, you calculate it by finding the difference between each data point and the mean, squaring these differences, calculating the average of these squared differences, and finally, taking the square root. For grouped data, you use the midpoints of the groups and their respective frequencies to compute the standard deviation.

These calculations are vital in statistical analysis and probability problems, and a solid understanding of these concepts is crucial for success in the JEE Main Math exam.

1. ### Variance and Mean Deviation for Both Grouped and Ungrouped Data:

Variance: Variance is a measure of how data points differ from the mean. For ungrouped data, you find the difference between each data point and the mean, square these differences, calculate their average, and that's your variance. For grouped data, you use the midpoints of the groups and their frequencies to compute the variance.

Mean Deviation: Mean Deviation, also known as Average Deviation, represents the average difference of data points from the mean. For ungrouped data, you find the absolute difference between each data point and the mean, calculate their average. For grouped data, use the midpoints and frequencies similarly.

1. ### Probability of an Event:

Probability measures the likelihood of an event happening. It's expressed as a number between 0 and 1.

If the probability is 0, the event is impossible, and if it's 1, the event is certain. For example, when you roll a fair six-sided die, the probability of getting any single number (e.g., a 3) is $\dfrac{1}{6}$ because there are 6 equally likely outcomes.

To find the probability of an event, you can use the formula:

$\text{Probability }(P) = \dfrac{\text{(Number of favorable outcomes)}}{\text{(Total number of possible outcomes)}}$

1. ### Addition Theorem and the Multiplication Theorem:

Addition Theorem of Probability: This theorem is used when you want to find the probability of either of two events happening. Simply put, you add the individual probabilities of each event but subtract the probability of both events happening at the same time. It's like calculating the chances of getting either a red or a blue marble from a bag without replacement.

Multiplication Theorem of Probability: This theorem comes into play when you want to find the probability of both of two events happening. You multiply the probabilities of each event. For instance, if you want to find the probability of drawing two aces from a deck of cards, you'd multiply the probability of drawing an ace on the first try by the probability of drawing an ace on the second try.

1. ### Bayes’ Theorem:

Bayes' Theorem is a powerful tool for solving probability problems involving conditional probability. It helps you update your beliefs or predictions when new information becomes available.

Simply put, Bayes' Theorem calculates the probability of an event A happening, given that event B has already occurred. It's expressed as:

$P(A|B) = \dfrac{P(B|A) \cdot P(A)}{P(B)}$

Where,

• P(A|B) is the probability of A given B.

• P(B|A)is the probability of B given A.

• P(A) and P(B) are the probabilities of A and B independently.

1. ### Probability Distribution of a Random Variate:

This distribution is like a roadmap that shows how the values of a random variable are spread out. It tells you the probability of each possible outcome. For example, when rolling a six-sided die, the probability distribution tells you the chances of getting a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.

In simple terms, it's a way to understand and predict the likelihood of different results for a random event. Probability distributions are crucial for solving statistical and probability problems, allowing you to make informed decisions based on the chances of various outcomes.

1. ### Bernoulli trials:

These are like repeated, independent experiments, where each experiment can result in one of two outcomes, often referred to as "success" and "failure." For instance, when flipping a fair coin, getting a head can be a "success," and getting a tail is a "failure."

Each trial has the same probability of success, denoted as 'p,' and the same probability of failure, denoted as 'q' (where q = 1 - p). Bernoulli trials are the building blocks of more complex probability models, and they're used to analyze and predict the likelihood of achieving a certain number of successes in a series of such trials.

1. ### Binomial distributions:

These come into play when you have a series of Bernoulli trials (like coin flips) with two possible outcomes, such as success and failure.

The binomial distribution helps you find the probability of getting a specific number of successes in a fixed number of trials. It's characterized by two parameters: 'n' (the number of trials) and 'p' (the probability of success on a single trial). For instance, you can use the binomial distribution to calculate the probability of getting exactly 3 heads in 5 coin flips.

## Why Important Questions of Statistics and Probability for JEE Main are Essential?

For JEE Main students, Statistics and Probability serve as a gateway to solving those critical Important Questions. This chapter unravels the secrets behind fundamental concepts such as data analysis, probability distributions, statistical measures, and probability theory. Here, we will discuss why this chapter is indispensable for your JEE Main preparation, highlighting how it can lead you to success in tackling even the most challenging questions.

As you tread the path toward JEE Main 2024, the significance of 'Statistics and Probability' Important Questions becomes increasingly evident. This chapter, poised at the intersection of mathematics and real-world applications, offers a unique toolkit that not only elevates your exam performance but also nurtures your analytical reasoning and decision-making skills. Let’s check out a few features of the chapter.

### Practical Insight:

Statistics and Probability Important Questions JEE Main pushes you into the realm of data analysis, enabling you to make informed decisions and predictions based on empirical evidence.

### Real-World Relevance:

This chapter bridges mathematics with real-life scenarios, as probability and statistics are woven into various fields such as economics, science, and social sciences.

### Statistical Analysis:

Important Questions encompass data collection, organization, representation, and interpretation, vital skills in scientific research and decision-making processes.

### Probability Fundamentals:

Understanding the principles of probability grants you the ability to quantify uncertainty, essential for predicting outcomes in various scenarios.

### Data Interpretation:

Proficiency in statistics empowers you to analyze and interpret data sets, a skill tested not only in exams but also in various professions.

### Probability Models:

Important Questions introduce you to probability distributions, helping you model and analyze random events and their outcomes.

### Risk Assessment:

With probability concepts, you gain the competence to assess risks, a crucial skill in fields such as finance and engineering.

### Combinatorics and Permutations:

Unraveling the intricacies of permutations and combinations equips you to solve diverse counting problems.

### Decision-Making Skills:

By delving into statistics, you cultivate the art of making decisions based on evidence, a trait indispensable in academic and professional spheres.

### Critical Analysis:

This chapter encourages critical analysis of data, fostering a discerning mind that evaluates information with depth and precision.

### Engineering and Science Applications:

Statistics and Probability are integral in engineering, physics, and medical research, enhancing their real-world application.

### Foundation for Further Studies:

Proficiency in this chapter forms a cornerstone for advanced studies in statistics, data science, and related fields.

### Holistic Growth:

While preparing for any exam, Statistics and Probability Important Questions JEE Main nurture logical thinking, data literacy, and intellectual maturity.

### Problem-Solving Aptitude:

Beyond exams, the skills gained empower you to approach challenges methodically, utilizing statistical tools to unravel complexities.

In your pursuit of success in JEE Main 2024, Statistics and Probability Important Questions JEE Main offer more than just exam preparation. They shape you into a thinker equipped with the ability to decipher data-driven puzzles, make calculated decisions, and appreciate the vital role mathematics plays in shaping our world. As you engage with this chapter, you're not only preparing for an exam but fostering skills that will reverberate throughout your academic journey and future endeavors.

## Strategic Approach: Maximizing Learning with Statistics and Probability Formulas and Important Questions

If you want to excel in your studies, you can employ a smart strategy by incorporating the Statistics and Probability chapter of JEE Main into your learning. Formulas serve as concise explanations of crucial concepts within this chapter. When you pair these formulas with solved questions specific to Statistics and Probability in JEE Main, you gain a comprehensive learning approach. Statistics and Probability important questions JEE Main serve as the foundation for building a strong understanding, while formulas aid in grasping concepts and tackling problems effectively. This amalgamation simplifies challenging topics and enhances your memory retention. By following this method, you can elevate your comprehension and achieve better academic performance.

You can also download Vedantu's JEE Main Maths Formulas related to Statistics and Probability for FREE. When you combine these formulas with JEE Main Important Questions from the same chapter, you will observe significant improvements in your scores.

## JEE Mains Important Questions Summary for Statistics and Probability

### Measures of Central Tendency

• Mean: The mean is the average of a set of values. It is calculated by summing up all values and dividing by the number of values.

• Median: The median is the middle value when data is arranged in ascending or descending order. If there's an even number of values, it's the average of the two middle values.

• Mode: The mode is the value that occurs most frequently in a dataset.

### Measures of Dispersion

• Standard Deviation: The standard deviation measures the spread or variability of data. It quantifies how much data points deviate from the mean.

• Variance: Variance is the square of the standard deviation. It provides a measure of the average squared deviation from the mean.

• Mean Deviation: Mean deviation measures the average absolute deviation of data points from the mean, providing a different perspective on dispersion.

### Grouped and Ungrouped Data

• Data can be either grouped (organized into intervals or classes) or ungrouped (individual data points).

• Calculating central tendency and dispersion measures for grouped data involves specific techniques, such as finding class marks and frequencies.

### Probability

• Probability is the likelihood of an event occurring and ranges from 0 (impossible) to 1 (certain).

• Addition Theorem of Probability: This theorem deals with the probability of the union of two events.

• Multiplication Theorem of Probability: This theorem deals with the probability of the intersection of two events.

• Bayes' Theorem: A formula used to update the probability for a hypothesis based on new evidence or information.

### Probability Distributions

• Probability Distribution of a Random Variate: Describes the probability of different outcomes of a random variable.

• Bernoulli Trials: A sequence of independent experiments with only two possible outcomes, typically success (1) or failure (0).

• Binomial Distribution: Describes the probability distribution of the number of successes in a fixed number of Bernoulli trials.

## Explore Further: Supplementary Resources for JEE Main 2024 Statistics and Probability

Explore additional resources beyond JEE Main 2024 Statistics and Probability Important Questions. Students need to consider extra materials like practice papers, mock tests, PYQPs, etc., alongside important Statistics and Probability questions to gain a well-rounded preparation, refine their exam strategies, and build confidence for the JEE Main exam.

Looking to enhance your JEE Main 2024 Statistics and Probability preparation? Explore these Important materials:

• Practice Papers: Enhance your abilities through focused Solution.

• MockTests: Replicate exam scenarios for increased confidence.

• Sample Papers: Get acquainted with question formats.

• Previous Year Question Papers (PYQPs): Understand exam patterns.

• Revision Notes: Serve as a quick reference during exams, helping you recall key concepts and strategies.

Use these tools to improve comprehension and test-taking skills, boosting your JEE Main 2024 performance!

Access the supplementary resources for JEE Main 2024 here:

## Enhance Your Results with Vedantu’s JEE Main Statistics and Probability Important Questions

Statistics and Probability in JEE Main are indispensable tools in our everyday lives. They help us make sense of data, make informed decisions, and even predict future events. The JEE Main Statistics and Probability Important Questions PDF provided by Vedantu simplifies these complex concepts into easy-to-understand formats, making learning accessible to all. Through clear explanations, real-life examples, and practical applications, Vedantu's resources empower individuals to master statistics and probability. So whether you're a student striving for academic excellence or someone looking to enhance decision-making skills, these resources offer a valuable pathway to understanding the fascinating world of statistics and probability. Embrace the power of data and probability, and unlock new opportunities in your journey of knowledge.

## FAQs on JEE Main - Statistics and Probability Important Questions (Free PDF Download)

1. What is the importance of solving 2024 JEE Main Important Questions for Statistics and Probability?

Solving JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability is crucial because it helps you understand the types of questions that are likely to appear in the exam. It also strengthens your problem-solving skills and helps you become familiar with the exam pattern.

2. What are some key topics covered in JEE Main Important Questions for Statistics and Probability?

JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability cover various topics, including probability distributions, random variables, sampling, hypothesis testing, and regression analysis.

3. How can I access Important Questions of Statistics and Probability for JEE Main 2024 by Vedantu?

You can access JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability by Vedantu on our official website or through our educational app. We also provide study materials and Free PDFs with these questions.

4. Are JEE Main Statistics and Probability Important Questions aligned with the JEE Main 2024 syllabus?

Yes, JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability by Vedantu are designed to align with the syllabus prescribed by the JEE Main examination authorities. They cover the relevant topics and concepts.

5. How can solving JEE Main Statistics and Probability Important Questions improve my JEE Main 2024 score?

Solving these questions helps you solve different types of problems, understand the application of concepts, and improve your time management skills. This, in turn, can boost your confidence and increase your chances of scoring well in the exam.

6. Are there any mock tests or practice papers included in the JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability by Vedantu?

Some study materials by Vedantu include mock tests and practice papers alongside important questions. These mock tests simulate the actual exam conditions and help you assess your readiness for the JEE Main 2024 Statistics and Probability section.

7. Is it advisable to only rely on JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability for exam preparation?

While these important questions are valuable for hard work and revision, it's advisable to supplement your preparation with comprehensive textbooks, class notes, and additional study resources to gain a deeper understanding of the topics.

8. Can I get solutions or explanations for the JEE Main 2024 Important Questions for Statistics and Probability by Vedantu?

Vedantu often provides solutions or explanations for the important questions they offer. These solutions can help you understand the problem-solving approach and ensure you grasp the concepts thoroughly.