Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Important Formulas for JEE (Main and Advanced) - Maths

ffImage
Last updated date: 22nd Mar 2024
Total views: 60.9k
Views today: 0.60k

Learn and Download Important Formulas of Maths for JEE (Main and Advanced)

JEE Mathematics is one of the three subjects that are part of the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE). It is an important subject for aspirants who wish to pursue a career in engineering or related fields. The syllabus for JEE mains Mathematics is vast and requires extensive practice and understanding of various formulas to excel in the exam.


In this article, we will discuss some essential JEE Mathematics formulas that aspirants must know and how to learn them.


👉 After taking the JEE Main exam, you can predict your rank using our JEE Main Rank Predictor 2024.

How to Learn JEE Mains Math Formulas

  • Understand the Syllabus: 

Familiarise yourself with the JEE mains Math syllabus to identify the different topics and subtopics you need to cover. This will help you organise your study plan and prioritise your efforts.


  • Categorise the Formulas: 

Divide the formulas into different categories such as Algebra, Calculus, Trigonometry, Coordinate Geometry, and Statistics. This will help you focus on one category at a time and prevent confusion between different topics.


  • Create a Formula Sheet: 

Develop a personalised formula sheet or notebook where you can compile all the important formulas. Include the formulas along with their variables, units, and any special conditions or exceptions. Keep this sheet handy for quick reference and regular revision.


  • Understand the Concepts: 

Merely memorising formulas is not enough; strive to understand the underlying concepts and principles behind each formula. Mathematics is a subject that builds upon logical reasoning and problem-solving skills. Focus on understanding the derivations and logic behind the formulas.


  • Practice Problem Solving: 

Mathematics is best learned through practice. Solve a variety of problems related to each formula you learn. Start with basic problems and gradually move on to more complex ones. Regular practice will help you become familiar with the formulas and improve your problem-solving skills.


  • Create Visual Aids: 

Utilise diagrams, graphs, and visual representations to understand the geometric and graphical concepts. Visual aids can enhance your understanding and help you visualize how the formulas apply to different situations.


  • Use Mnemonics and Memory Techniques: 

Mnemonics and memory techniques can aid in remembering complex formulas or equations. Create mnemonic devices, acronyms, or use visualisation techniques to associate the formulas with memorable images or phrases.


  • Solve Previous Years' Question Papers: 

Practice solving previous years' JEE mains Math question papers. This will help you become familiar with the types of questions asked and the application of formulas in different contexts. It will also help you manage your time effectively during the exam.


  • Seek Clarification: 

If you encounter any doubts or questions regarding the formulas, don't hesitate to seek clarification from your teachers, classmates, or online resources. Engage in discussions, attend doubt-solving sessions, or join study groups to enhance your understanding and clear any misconceptions.


  • Review and Revise Regularly: 

Regularly revise the formulas and concepts you have learned. Set aside dedicated time for revision, solve practice problems, and test yourself using mock tests or quizzes. Regular revision will reinforce your knowledge and ensure better retention of the formulas.


Remember, learning JEE Main and Advanced Math formulas requires a combination of understanding, practice, and regular revision. By following these steps and maintaining a consistent study routine, you can effectively learn and apply the necessary formulas for the JEE mains exam.


Download Trigonometry Formulas as PDF

Trigonometry Formulas: Trigonometry is an essential topic in JEE mains Mathematics and involves a lot of formulas. Some of the critical formulas in Trigonometry are:


  • ${{\sin ^2}x + {\cos ^2}x = 1}$

  • ${\tan x = \dfrac{{\sin x}}{{\cos x}}}$

  • ${\sec x = \dfrac{1}{{\cos x}}}$

  • ${\cot x = \dfrac{{\cos x}}{{\sin x}}}$

  • ${\cos ecx = \dfrac{1}{{\sin x}}}$


Aspirants should first understand the concepts behind Trigonometry and then memorize these formulas. Regular practice and solving different types of problems will also help aspirants master Trigonometry.


Download Algebra Formulas as PDF

Algebra is another crucial topic in JEE Mathematics that involves several formulas. Some of the essential Algebra formulas are:


  • ${{\left( {a + b} \right)^2} = {a^2} + 2ab + {b^2}}$

  • ${{\left( {a - b} \right)^2} = {a^2} - 2ab + {b^2}}$

  • ${{a^2} - {b^2} = \left( {a + b} \right)\left( {a - b} \right)}$

  • ${{\left( {a + b} \right)^3} = {a^3} + 3{a^2}b + 3a{b^2} + {b^3}}$

  • ${{\left( {a - b} \right)^3} = {a^3} - 3{a^2}b + 3a{b^2} - {b^3}}$


Aspirants should first understand the basic concepts of Algebra and then memorize these formulas. Regular practice and solving different types of problems will also help aspirants master Algebra.


Download Calculus Formulas as PDF

Calculus is an important topic in JEE mains Mathematics and involves several formulas. Some of the essential Calculus formulas are:


  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( a \right) = 0}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {ax} \right) = a}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {{x^n}} \right) = n{x^{n - 1}}}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {\sin x} \right) = \cos x}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {\cos x} \right) =  - \sin x}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {\tan x} \right) = {\sec ^2}x}$

  • ${\dfrac{d}{{dx}}\left( {\cot x} \right) =  - \cos e{c^2}x}$


Aspirants should first understand the basic concepts of Calculus and then memorize these formulas. Regular practice and solving different types of problems will also help aspirants master Calculus.


Download Probability Formulas as PDF

Probability Formulas: Probability is an important topic in JEE mains Mathematics and involves several formulas. Some of the essential Probability formulas are:


  • ${{{P}}\left( {{{A}} \cup {{B}}} \right) = {{P}}\left( {{A}} \right) + {{P}}\left( {{B}} \right) - {{P}}\left( {{{A}} \cap {{B}}} \right)}$

  • ${{{P}}\left( {{{A}} \cap {{B}}} \right) = {{P}}\left( {{A}} \right) \times {{P}}\left( {\dfrac{{{B}}}{{{A}}}} \right)}$

  • ${{{P}}\left( {\dfrac{{{A}}}{{{B}}}} \right) = \dfrac{{{{P}}\left( {{{A}} \cap {{B}}} \right)}}{{{{P}}\left( {{B}} \right)}}}$


Aspirants should first understand the basic concepts of Probability and then memorize these formulas. Regular practice and solving different types of problems will also help aspirants master Probability.


Download Geometry Formulas as PDF

Geometry Formulas: Geometry is an important topic in JEEmains Mathematics and involves several formulas. Some of the essential Geometry formulas are:


  • Area of a Triangle = $\left(\dfrac{1}{2}\right) { \times }$ base ${ \times }$ height

  • Perimeter of a Square = 4 ${ \times }$ side

  • Perimeter of a Rectangle = 2 ${ \times }$ (length + breadth)

  • Area of a Circle = ${\pi {r^2}}$

  • Circumference of a Circle = ${2\pi r}$


Aspirants should first understand the basic concepts of Geometry and then memorize these formulas. Regular practice


Basic Integration Formulas: The basic integration formulas are the ones that are used to find the integral of a function. Some of the essential basic integration formulas are:


  • ${\int dx = x + c}$

  • ${\int {x^n}dx = \dfrac{{\left( {{x^{\left( {n + 1} \right)}}} \right)}}{{\left( {n + 1} \right)}} + C}$

  • ${\int {e^x}dx = {e^x} + C}$

  • ${\int \sin xdx =  - \cos x + C}$

  • ${\int \cos xdx = \sin x + C}$


Download Integration Formulas as PDF

Integration by Substitution: Integration by substitution is a common technique used to solve integrals. This technique involves substituting a part of the integral with a new variable. The formula for Integration by substitution is:


  • ${\int f\left( {g\left( x \right)} \right)g'\left( x \right)dx = \int f\left( u \right)du}$


Integration by Parts: Integration by parts is another technique used to solve integrals. This technique involves selecting two parts of the integral and applying a specific formula. The formula for Integration by Parts is:


  • $\int udv = uv - \int vdu$


Download Straight Line Formulas as PDF

Equation of a Straight Line: The equation of a straight line is y = mx + c, where m is the slope of the line, and c is the y-intercept. The slope of a line is given by:


  • ${m = \dfrac{{\left( {{y_2} - {y_1}} \right)}}{{\left( {{x_2} - {x_1}} \right)}}}$


  • Point-Slope Form: The Point-Slope Form of a straight line is $y - y_1 = m(x - x_1)$. This form is used to find the equation of a straight line when the slope and one point on the line are given.

  • Intercept Form: The Intercept Form of a straight line is ${\dfrac{x}{a} + \dfrac{y}{b} = 1}$, where a and b are the x-intercept and y-intercept, respectively. This form is used to find the equation of a straight line when the intercepts are given.

  • Slope-Intercept Form: The Slope-Intercept Form of a straight line is $y = mx + c$. This form is used to find the equation of a straight line when the slope and y-intercept are given.

  • Two-Point Form: The Two-Point Form of a straight line is ${\dfrac{{\left( {y - {y_1}} \right)}}{{\left( {{y_2} - {y_1}} \right)}} = \dfrac{{\left( {x - {x_1}} \right)}}{{\left( {{x_2} - {x_1}} \right)}}}$. This form is used to find the equation of a straight line when two points on the line are given.

  • Perpendicular Distance Formula: The Perpendicular Distance Formula is used to find the perpendicular distance between a point and a line. The formula is:

  • Distance = {\dfrac{{\left| {ax + by + c} \right|}}{{\sqrt {\left( {{a^2} + {b^2}} \right)} }}}

  • Distance Formula: The Distance Formula is used to find the distance between two points. The formula is:

  • Distance = ${\sqrt {\left[ {{{\left( {x2 - x1} \right)}^2} + {{\left( {y2 - y1} \right)}^2}} \right]} }$

  • A Parabola is a U-shaped curve that is symmetric around a line called the axis of the parabola. The standard equation of a parabola is ${{y^2} = 4ax}$, where a is a constant and the axis of the parabola is parallel to the x-axis.

  • Vertex Form: The Vertex Form of a parabola is given as ${y - k = a{\left( {x - h} \right)^2}}$, where (h, k) is the vertex of the parabola. This form is used to find the equation of a parabola when the vertex and the value of a are given.

  • Standard Form: The Standard Form of a parabola is given as ${{\left( {x - h} \right)^2} = 4a\left( {y - k} \right)}$, where (h, k) is the vertex of the parabola. This form is used to find the equation of a parabola when the vertex and the value of a are given.

  • Focus-Directrix Form: The Focus-Directrix Form of a parabola is given as ${{\left( {x - h} \right)^2} = 4a\left( {y - k} \right)}$, where the focus of the parabola is ${\left( {h,k + \dfrac{1}{{4a}}} \right)}$, and the directrix of the parabola is ${y = k - \dfrac{1}{{4a}}}$. This form is used to find the equation of a parabola when the focus and the directrix are given.

  • Latus Rectum Form: The Latus Rectum Form of a parabola is given as ${y = mx + \dfrac{a}{m}}$, where m is the slope of the tangent to the parabola at any point on it. This form is used to find the equation of the latus rectum of the parabola.


Conclusion 

Mathematics is an essential subject for JEE Main and Advanced, and it plays a crucial role in determining a candidate's rank and score. To excel in JEE Mathematics, aspirants must understand and memorise the essential formulas related to Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus, and Geometry. The integration formula, straight line formula, and parabola formula are some of the essential formulas that aspirants need to master. Moreover, aspirants must know how to apply these formulas in solving problems and be quick in calculations to score well in JEE Mathematics.

FAQs on Important Formulas for JEE (Main and Advanced) - Maths

1. Why are JEE Main Maths formulas important?

JEE Main maths formulas are important for aspirants who want to crack the JEE and get admission to top engineering colleges in India. Aspirants need to have a good understanding of these formulas to solve problems and score well in the exam.

2. How can I memorize JEE Advanced maths formulas?

Regular practice and revision are the best ways to memorize JEE maths formulas. Aspirants must solve various practice problems and revise the formulas regularly to keep them fresh in their minds.

3. What are some of the essential JEE main and Advanced maths formulas?

Some of the essential JEE maths formulas include trigonometric formulas, quadratic equations, coordinate geometry formulas, differentiation formulas, and integration formulas.

4. How can I apply JEE maths formulas to solve problems?

To apply JEE maths formulas to solve problems, aspirants must first understand the problem statement and identify the relevant formula. They can then substitute the given values into the formula and solve for the unknown variable.

5. How JEE Main and Advanced Maths Formula PDF help to score more in JEE exam?

Learning JEE Main and Advanced Math formulas requires a combination of understanding, practice, and regular revision. By downloading the PDF of JEE Main and Advanced maths formulas, you will be able to cover the whole formulas needed for the JEE Main and Advanced Exams in one go.