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Important Formulas for JEE (Main and Advanced) - Chemistry

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Learn and Download Important Formulas of Chemistry for JEE (Main and Advanced)

Chemistry is an important subject for JEE mains aspirants, and it covers a wide range of topics, from Organic Chemistry to Physical Chemistry. To excel in JEE Chemistry, you need to have a strong understanding of the concepts and a good grasp of the formulas associated with them. In this article, we will learn the essential JEE Chemistry formulas and organic chemistry formulas listed in the pdf.


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How to Learn JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry Formulas

  • Understand the Syllabus: 

Familiarise yourself with the JEE mains Chemistry syllabus to identify the different topics and subtopics that you need to cover. This will help you organise your study plan and prioritise your efforts.


  • Categorise the Formulas: 

Divide the formulas into different categories such as Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry. This will help you focus on one category at a time and prevent confusion between different topics.


  • Use a Formula Sheet: 

Create a personalised formula sheet or notebook where you can compile all the important formulas. Include the formulas along with their variables, units, and any special conditions or exceptions. Keep this sheet handy for quick reference and regular revision.


  • Visualise Molecular Structures: 

Chemistry involves understanding the structures and shapes of molecules. Use models or online resources to visualise and understand the molecular structures, including bond angles, hybridization, and molecular geometries. This will help you grasp concepts related to organic and inorganic chemistry more effectively.


  • Practice Numerical Problems:

Chemistry often requires solving numerical problems to apply the formulas. Regularly practice solving a variety of numerical problems related to each formula you learn. This will enhance your problem-solving skills and strengthen your understanding of the formulas in practical contexts.


  • Understand the Concepts: 

Don't just memorise the formulas; strive to understand the underlying concepts and principles. Science is a subject that requires sensible reasoning and a profound comprehension of the connections between various factors. Familiarise yourself with the theories, laws, and chemical principles that form the basis of the formulas.


  • Use Mnemonics and Memory Techniques: 

Mnemonics and memory techniques can help you remember complex formulas or equations. Create mnemonic devices or use visual aids to associate the formulas with memorable images or phrases. This can make it easier to recall the formulas during the exam.


  • Refer to Reliable Study Materials: 

Utilise textbooks, reference books, and study guides specifically designed for JEE mains Chemistry. These resources often provide explanations, examples, and practice problems related to the formulas. Choose reliable and reputable sources that cover the JEE mains syllabus comprehensively.


  • Solve Previous Years' Question Papers: 

Find out about the kinds of inquiries posed to in earlier years' JEE mains tests. Put these question papers to the test to see how the formulas are used and how well prepared you are. You'll also learn how to manage your time better and become more familiar with the exam format from this.


  • Seek Clarification: 

Ask your teachers, classmates, or online resources for clarification if you have any doubts or questions about the formulas . Engage in discussions, attend doubt-solving sessions, or join study groups to enhance your understanding and clear any misconceptions.


Remember, mastering the JEE mains Chemistry formulas requires regular practice, consistent revision, and a deep understanding of the underlying concepts. By following these points and maintaining a dedicated study routine, you can effectively learn and apply the necessary formulas for the JEE mains exam.


Download and Learn from Atomic Structure Formula PDF

Atomic Structure is a fundamental topic in JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry, and it covers concepts such as electronic configuration, ionization energy, and electron affinity. The following are some of the essential formulas related to Atomic Structure:


  • ${E = \dfrac{{ - 13.6}}{{{n^2}}}}$: This formula relates the energy of an electron in a hydrogen atom, where 'n' is the principal quantum number.

  • ${\lambda  = \dfrac{h}{p}}$: This formula relates the wavelength of a particle to its momentum, where '${\lambda }$' is the wavelength, 'h' is Planck's constant, and 'p' is the momentum.

  • ${E = \dfrac{{hc}}{\lambda }}$: This formula relates the energy of a photon to its wavelength, where 'E' is the energy, 'h' sign denote the Planck's constant; 'c' will be known as the speed of light, and '${\lambda }$' will donte the wavelength.


To learn these formulas, you should first understand the concept behind them and identify the relevant variables. You can use flashcards, mnemonic devices, or practice problems to help memorize them. Applying these formulas involves identifying the variables and using the appropriate units for each.


Chemical Bonding Formulas:

Chemical Bonding is another important topic in JEE Chemistry, and it covers concepts such as ionic and covalent bonding, Lewis structures, and molecular geometry. The following are some of the essential formulas related to Chemical Bonding:


  • ${\Delta {\rm{H}}}$ = E(bonds broken) - E(bonds formed):This equation relates the enthalpy change of a response to the energy expected to break bonds and the energy delivered when new bonds are shaped.

  • VSEPR Theory: This theory predicts the shape of molecules based on the repulsion between electron pairs around the central atom.

  • Lewis Structure: This diagram shows the arrangement of electrons in a molecule or ion.


To learn these formulas, you should first understand the concept behind them and practice drawing Lewis structures and predicting the shape of molecules using VSEPR theory. Applying these formulas involves using the enthalpy formula to calculate the enthalpy change of a reaction and using Lewis structures to predict the reactivity of a molecule.


Electrochemistry Formulas:

Electrochemistry is an important topic in JEE Chemistry, and it covers concepts such as oxidation-reduction reactions, galvanic cells, and electrolysis. The following are some of the essential formulas related to Electrochemistry:


  • $E{^ \circ }$cell = $E{^ \circ }$(cathode) - $E{^ \circ }$(anode): This formula relates the standard cell potential to the reduction potential of the cathode and the oxidation potential of the anode.

  • Nernst equation: This equation relates the cell potential to the concentrations of the reactants and products and the standard potential.

  • Faraday's laws: These laws relate the amount of substance produced or consumed during electrolysis to the amount of charge passed through the electrolyte.


Download and Learn from State of Matter Formula PDF

In JEE mains chemistry we have some formulas for state of matter some of them are as follows:


  • Ideal Gas Law:

The ideal gas law is a fundamental equation in thermodynamics, which describes the behavior of an ideal gas. The equation is as follows:

${PV = nRT}$

Where, P is the pressure, V is the volume, n is the number of moles, R is the universal gas constant, and T is the temperature.


  • Boyle's Law:

At a constant temperature, Boyle's law states that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure. The equation is as follows:

${P_1V_1 = P_2V_2}$

Where, $P_1$ and $V_1$ symbols denote the initial pressure and volume, and $P_2$ and $V_2$ are the final pressure and volume.


  • Charles's Law:

According to Charles's law, the volume of a gas at a constant pressure is directly proportional to its absolute temperature.. The equation is as follows:

${\dfrac{{V_1}}{{T_1}} = \dfrac{{V_2}}{{T_2}}}$

Where, $V_1$ and $T_1$ are the initial volume and temperature, and $V_2$ and $T_2$ are the final volume and temperature.


  • Gay-Lussac's Law:

Gay-Lussac's regulation expresses that the strain of a gas is straightforwardly corresponding to its outright temperature at a steady volume. The equation is as follows:

${\dfrac{{P_1}}{{T_1}} = \dfrac{{P_2}}{{T_2}}}$

Where, $P_1$ and $T_1$ are the initial pressure and temperature, and $P_2$ and $T_2$ are the final pressure and temperature.


  • Avogadro's Law:

At a constant temperature and pressure, according to Avogadro's law, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles.. The equation is as follows:

${\dfrac{{V_1}}{{n_1}} = \dfrac{{V_2}}{{n_2}}}$

Where, $V_1$ and $n_1$ are the initial volume and number of moles, and $V_2$ and $n_2$ are the final volume and number of moles.


  • Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures:

Dalton's Law of Incomplete Tensions expresses that the complete strain of a combination of gases is equivalent to the amount of the fractional tensions of each gas. The equation is as follows:

$P \text{ total }= P_1 + P_2 + P_3 + ... + P_n$

Where P total is the total pressure, and $P_1, P_2, P_3, ..., P_n$ are the partial pressures of each gas.


  • Graham's Law of Diffusion:

According to Graham's Law of Diffusion, a gas's rate of diffusion is inversely proportional to its molecular weight.. The equation is as follows:

${\dfrac{{{\rm{\text{Rate}_1}}}}{{{\rm{\text{Rate}_2}}}} = \dfrac{{\sqrt{M_2} }}{{\sqrt{M_1} }}}$

Where ${\text{Rate}_1}$ and ${\text{Rate}_2}$ are the rates of diffusion of gases 1 and 2, respectively, and $M_1$ and $M_2$ are their molecular weights.


  • Van der Waals Equation:

The Van der Waals Equation is a state equation for real gases that takes into account gases' non-ideal behavior.. The equation is as follows:

${\left( {P + a{{\left( {\dfrac{n}{V}} \right)}^2}} \right)\left( {V - nb} \right) = nRT}$

Where P denote the pressure, V denoted the volume, n is the number of moles, R denoted the universal gas constant, T will be the temperature, a is the Van der Waals constant for the gas, and b is the volume excluded by one mole of the gas.


Conclusion 

JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry formulas are critical to score well in the exams, and understanding them is equally crucial. Aspirants should not only memorise the formulas but also focus on the concepts behind them. Understanding the concepts behind the formulas will help aspirants apply them correctly in numerical problems and ensure better comprehension of the subject.


To understand JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry formulas, aspirants should start by studying the fundamental concepts of each topic. Once they have a good understanding of the basics, they can move on to the formulas related to that topic. It is essential to note that each formula has a specific purpose, and aspirants should know when to use them.


Aspirants can also seek help from their teachers or peers to understand the formulas better. Group study sessions and discussions can help clear any doubts and reinforce understanding of the formulas.

FAQs on Important Formulas for JEE (Main and Advanced) - Chemistry

1. Why are JEE Main Chemistry formulas important?

JEE chemistry formulas are important for aspirants who want to crack the JEE and get admission to top engineering colleges in India. In order to succeed on the exam and solve problems, applicants must be familiar with these formulas.

2. How can I memorise JEE Adavnced Chemistry formulas?

Regular practice and revision are the best ways to memorize JEE chemistry formulas. Aspirants must solve various practice problems and revise the formulas regularly to keep them fresh in their minds.

3. What are some of the essential JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry formulas?

Some of the essential JEE chemistry formulas include Ideal Gas Law, Boyle's Law, Charles' Law, Avogadro's Law, Henry's Law, Raoult's Law, and Nernst Equation.

4. How can I apply JEE Chemistry formulas to solve problems?

To apply JEE chemistry formulas to solve problems, aspirants must first understand the problem statement and identify the relevant formula. They can then solve for the unknown variable by substituting the given values into the formula.

5. How JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry Formula PDF help to score more in JEE exam?

Learning JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry formulas requires a combination of understanding, practice, and regular revision. By downloading the PDF of JEE Main and Advanced Chemistry formulas, you will be able to cover the whole formulas needed for the JEE Main and Advanced Exams in one go.