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Difference Between Solution and Mixture for JEE Main 2025

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Last updated date: 29th May 2024
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What is Solution and Mixture: Introduction

To explain solution and mixture: Although the words "mixture" and "solution" may sound similar, they are very different from one another. When two or more substances are physically together but are not chemically bound, it is a mixture. as ink, crude oil, seawater, etc. Contrarily, a solution is a kind of chemically combined homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. similar to sugar water and the coffee we drink every day. A different category of combination is solutions. A combination of two or more components is referred to as a mixture. This combination may merely be physical, or it may also be chemical. We shall discuss the two in-depth in this essay and discover how conceptually distinct the two concepts are. In this article, we’ll look at some of the most important ways that the difference between solution and mixture are the same and different.


Category:

JEE Main Difference Between

Content-Type:

Text, Images, Videos and PDF

Exam:

JEE Main

Topic Name:

Difference Between Solution and Mixture

Academic Session:

2025

Medium:

English Medium

Subject:

Chemistry

Available Material:

Chapter-wise Difference Between Topics


What is Mixture 

A mixture is produced when two or more elements or components are combined chemically. Although the chemical makeup of these components does not change during the process, depending on the surrounding conditions, they may interact with other elements. In order to create a combination in which each constituent item maintains its original chemical properties and makeup, chemical ingredients, including elements and compounds, are mechanically joined or mixed. The melting and boiling points of a mixture may be different from those of its constituent parts even when its elements don't experience any chemical changes. Certain mixes can be separated into their component parts using physical (mechanical or thermal) processes.


General Properties of Mixtures:

Mixtures are composed of two or more different substances that have not been chemically mixed. The following is a list of mixtures' properties.


  • Each of the components in a mixture retains its unique features.

  • Component separation is simple to carry out.

  • The components' relative weights vary.


Characteristics of Mixture:

  • There are two types of mixtures: heterogeneous and homogeneous.

  • A mixture is made without any energy being created or evolved.

  • No fixed boiling or melting point

  • It keeps the characteristics of its components.

  • Simple techniques can be used to separate mixture components.


What is Solution

A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in their relative quantities is referred to as a solution. This mixture may be continuously changed up to the solubility limit in chemistry. Despite the fact that the word "solution" is most often used in relation to liquids, it can also refer to gases and solids. Brass is a mixture of copper and zinc, whereas air, for instance, is primarily composed of oxygen and nitrogen with minute amounts of other gases. In solutions containing elements in the same phase, the solvent is more abundant than the solutes, which are present in lower quantities. In the case of air, the solutes are the gases of oxygen and carbon dioxide, and the solvent is the gas of nitrogen. It was discovered after many years of attempts and experiments that water mingled with a significant number of chemicals. Water, or H2O as it is known chemically, is referred to as a universal solvent.


General Properties of Mixtures:

Different properties of solutions are as follows:


  • It is a uniform blend.

  • With a diameter of less than 1 nm, its particles are excessively small.

  • To the naked eye, the particles are invisible.

  • Since particles don't scatter light when it passes through them, the path of the light cannot be seen.

  • The mixture cannot be separated from the solutes, and they do not settle. A stable solution exists.

  • Filtration cannot separate the components of a mixture.


Characteristics of Mixture:

  • Homogeneous mixtures of two or more components are called solutions.

  • There was no Tyndall effect seen in the solution.

  • A solution has simply one phase.

  • Physical separation techniques, such as filtering, cannot be used to separate solutions.

  • The solute particles are invisible to the human eye.


Differentiate Between Solution and Mixture  

S.No

Mixture

Solution

1

The majority of the time, components in a mixture are simply mingled and not fully dissolved.

Substances are totally dissolved in solutions and cannot be removed by filtration.

2

Two or three separate chemicals make up the mixture; there is no chemical fusion. They do not interact physically. 

Two substances are combined chemically in a solution to create a new compound.

3

All substances retain their chemical characteristics unchanged. 

Chemical characteristics frequently change.

4

There is no set ratio for the quantity of the various components in a mixture.

A solution contains a defined ratio or quantity of each ingredient.

5

The two main categories of mixtures are homogeneous mixtures and heterogeneous mixtures.

A specific kind of homogenous combination is a solution.


While some similarities exist between the two, it's important to note that the properties, compounds and applications of difference between solution and mixture Now, we can easily differentiate Between Solution And Mixture. 


Summary

The terms "solution" and "mixture" are frequently used interchangeably in everyday speech, although from a chemical standpoint, they mean very different things. Mixtures can be anything where two or more substances are combined while maintaining the constituents' identity and chemical characteristics. However, a solution is a subset of mixes in which two or more components are chemically combined, their unique chemical properties change, and we obtain a solution, often made up of a solute and a solvent. Chemical compounds are defined as types of materials that have specific properties and a regular makeup. By adjusting the temperature and pressure, all of these phases of matter are changeable.


We are all aware that the building blocks of matter are atoms. Compounds are created when the atoms of various elements mix. These substances can be combined to create mixes and solutions. In this article you learned the difference between solution and mixture. 

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FAQs on Difference Between Solution and Mixture for JEE Main 2025

1. What are the Key Properties of Mixtures? 

Every component in a mixture keeps its unique physical and chemical characteristics.  Additionally, it is typically simple to separate a mixture's distinct components. Finally, there are differences in the component proportions throughout the mixture.

2. What influences the characteristics of solutions?

There are several ways to depict it. The overall quantity of dissolved particles in a solution, rather than their chemical composition, determines the solution's colligative properties. Collaborative properties include osmotic pressure, boiling point, freezing point, and vapour pressure.


Solvent and solute are the two elements that make up a solution.


  • The solvent is the element that dissolves the other element.

  • The term "solute" refers to the component(s) that dissolve in the solvent.

  • Typically, the solvent is present in a greater amount than the solute. The solute is less abundant than the solvent. The solute and solvent may both be in solid, liquid, or gaseous states of matter.

  • A solid, liquid, or gas is dissolved in a liquid solvent to form solutions, which are in the liquid state. Examples of solid and gaseous solutions, respectively, include alloys and air.

3. What is the solution and its type?

A homogenous mixture of liquid and solute molecules is referred to as a solution. One possible remedy is water, concrete, or gas. A mixture of liquids, gases, and solids, in contrast, can be a solution. In some circumstances, the solution contains a variety of solutes, including salts, oxygen, and organic substances, including saltwater. Depending upon the dissolution of the solute in the solvent, solutions can be categorised into supersaturated solutions, unsaturated and saturated solutions.


  1. Supersaturated solution: The additional solute will crystallise quickly in a supersaturated solution because it contains a lot of solute at a temperature where it will be decreased.

  2. Unsaturated solution: When a solvent can dissolve any more solute at a specific temperature, the solution is said to be unsaturated.

  3. Saturated solution: A saturated solution is one in which a solvent can no longer dissolve any more solute at a particular temperature.

4. What are the Categories that Mixtures can be Classified Into?

Mixtures can be classified into the following categories:


  1. Homogeneous mixtures – possess the same properties and combination throughout their mass.

  2. Heterogeneous mixtures – possess different properties and compositions in various parts.

5. Which is an example of a mixture?

A mixture is created by combining two or more substances. The appearance of a homogeneous solution is uniform wherever it is tested. Soil, saline solution, the majority of metals, and bitumen are all made from homogeneous mixes. Examples of heterogeneous combinations are chicken noodle soup, sand, oil and water, and oil and air.


Examples:

  1. Crude oil: A mixture of organic compounds (mainly hydrocarbons)

  2. Seawater: A mixture of various salt and water.

  3. Air: a mixture of various gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, argon, neon, etc.

  4. Ink: A mixture of coloured dyes.

  5. Gunpowder: A mixture of sulphur, potassium nitrate and carbon.