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Tabular Presentation of Data

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Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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Understanding tabular representation of statistical data

The statistical data usually refers to the aggregate of the numerical data which eventually contributes to its collection, interpretation, and analysis. Quantifying this data helps with the research and statistical operations. In the tabular presentation, the data is presented in the form of rows and columns, and this data positioning makes reading and understanding the data more feasible. The logical and statistical conclusions are derived from the presentation of the data.

Objectives of Tabular Data Presentation

The objectives of tabular data presentation are as follows.

  • The tabular data presentation helps in simplifying the complex data.

  • It also helps to compare different data sets thereby bringing out the important aspects.

  • The tabular presentation provides the foundation for statistical analysis.

  • The tabular data presentation further helps in the formation of graphs, as well as diagrams for the purpose of advanced data analysis.

Parts of the Table that are Used in the Tabulation

Some of the parts that are used in the table of tabular data presentation are as follows.

  • Table number: This is included for the purpose of identification and it provides for easy reference. 

  • Title: It provides the nature of information which is included in the table. This information is included adjacent to table number. 

  • Stub: This is provided on the left-side of tabular form. The specific issues that are mentioned in the stub are presented in the horizontal rows. 

  • Caption: The caption is put on the top of columns within the table. The columns come with the specific unit within which figures are noted down.

  • Body: This is the most significant of the table and it is located in the middle or centre of the table. It is made up of numerical contents. 

  • Footnote: The footnote gives the scope or potential for further explanation that might be required for any item which is included in the table. The footnote helps with the clarification of data that is mentioned within the table. 

  • Information source: The information source is included on the bottom of the table. It gives the source related to the specific piece of information and the authenticity of the sources that are cited here helps in contributing to the credibility of the data. 


You can check out the illustration of the tabular presentation of data through the provided sample included in the Vedantu notes related to this topic. The different forms of tabular analysis are quantitative analysis, qualitative analysis, spatial analysis, and temporal analysis. When it comes to limitations related to the tabular presentation of the data, they are lack of focus on the individual items, no scope or potential for description, and requiring expert knowledge.

Illustration Of A Tabular Representation of Data 

Tabular presentation of data example is shown below. 

Age group

(in years)

Children

(Female)

Total 

(X)

Children

(Male)

Total

(Y)

Grand total

(X+Y)


Residents 

Non-Residents


Residents 

Non- Residents



3-5

8

4

12

4

4

8

20

5-8

3

3

6

1

2

3

9

8-10

3

3

6

2

2

4

10

10-12

0

4

4

1

2

3

7

12-15

1

3

4

0

0

0

4

Total 

15

17

32

8

10

18

50

 

Test Your Knowledge –

1. Where Is A “Headnote” Placed In A Table?

  1. A headnote comprises the main title

  2. It follows the primary title within a small bracket

  3. A headnote can be placed anywhere in the table

2. Which Of The Following is Used for Explanation of Column Figures?

  1. Headnote

  2. Caption 

  3. Stub 

  4. Title 

Forms of Tabular Analysis 

  • Quantitative 

The quantitative tabular analysis provides a description and interpretation of items based on statistics. Such analysis is undertaken through numeric variables as well as statistical methods. 

  • Qualitative 

Qualitative analysis is done, taking into account various attributes that are non-numerical. For instance, it may include social status, nationality, and physical specifications, among others. In such classification, the attributes that are taken into consideration cannot be subjected to quantitative measurement. 

  • Spatial 

Categorisation, when done based on location such as a state, country, block, and district, etc., is called spatial analysis.

  • Temporal 

In this analysis method, time becomes a variable for data analysis. Such consideration of time may be in the form of hours, days, weeks, and months among others. 

Limitations of A Tabular Presentation 

There are certain drawbacks to a table presentation of data that have been mentioned below. 

  • Lack of Focus on Individual Items 

Individual items are not presented distinctly. A tabular presentation shows data in an aggregated manner.

  • No Scope for Description 

It is only the figures that are indicated in a tabular presentation. The attributes of those figures cannot be mentioned in tables. Moreover, the qualitative aspects of figures cannot be mentioned. 

  • Requires Expert Knowledge 

A layperson will not be able to decipher the intricacies that are mentioned in the figures within a tabular presentation. Its interpretation and analysis can only be undertaken by a person with the requisite expertise. 


To know more about this topic and others, install the Vedantu app on your device and read from online study materials available over our platform.


FAQs on Tabular Presentation of Data

1. What is tabular data presentation?

The specific methods that are used for presenting statistical data in the tabular format is known as tabular presentation of data. The data is systematically and logically arranged within the rows and the columns with regards to the specific characteristics of the data. The tabular data presentation makes forthright interpretation as well as comprehensible dataset. This is the reason why tabular data presentation format is widely used in a number of applications where data needs to be organised and analysed.

2. What are the objectives related to data tabulation?

There are specific and well-defined objectives that are associated with the presentation of data tabulation. The data tabular presentation helps with the easy conversion of data into a simple and comprehensible form through tabulation. Besides data arrangement convenience, the tabular presentation of data also creates the foundation for statistical analysis. This statistical analysis might include dispersion, averages, and correlation amongst other factors. These well-laid out objectives are the primary reason behind the usage of tabular data presentation.

3. What are the primary benefits of using tabular presentation of data?

The tabular presentation of data helps with the organisation of data that is easy to understand and analyse. It also helps with the comparison of data. The data is presented in such a way that it helps reduce the time and effort of the user through the organisation as well as the simplicity of the data presentation. The easy organisation plus presentation of data in tabular form is one of the reasons why it is widely used in data analysis.

4. Can I rely on the tabular presentation of data notes from Vedantu?

Yes, you can rely on the Vedantu note for tabular presentation of data. These notes and chapters are compiled by well-qualified teachers or experts who have distinguished knowledge in the subject and who understand the comprehension skills of the students. These notes are carefully created to provide the best explanation of the topic and help students understand the concept in detail through text and illustrations wherever essential.

5. How can I access the tabular presentation of data notes provided by Vedantu?

If you want access to the Vedantu notes on tabular presentation of data then you can download it from the Vedantu app or website. These notes are available for download in the PDF file format for free. Once you are on the relevant section of the website, you will find the “Download PDF” button and when you click on that option, the file will be downloaded on your device. Now you can access the Vedantu notes even offline as per your convenience.