Selection Process

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Selection Process Definition

The selection process can be defined as shortlisting of the right candidates with the required qualifications to fill the vacancies in an organisation. The process varies from company to company hence need to be understood what type of process suits accordingly.

The Selection Process is quite a lengthy and complex process as it involves a series of steps before making a final decision. To know more on the selection process of an organization, read the article below.


Selection Process Meaning

Selection process refers to selecting the right candidate with the required qualifications and capabilities to fill the vacancy in the organization. The selection process is quite a lengthy one and also complex. It involves a series of steps before the final selection. The procedure of selecting the employees may vary from industry to industry according to their own needs. Every organization designs their own selection process while keeping in mind the urgency of hiring the people and the requisites for the vacancy of the job.


Recruitment and Selection

Recruitment is the process where the potential applicants are searched for, and are encouraged to apply for a vacancy. While selection is the process of hiring the employees from the shortlisted candidates and provide them a job in the organization. The success of any organization depends on its employees because when an employee is well suited for their job actually the entire company can enjoy the benefits of their success. Recruitment and selection help organizations to choose the right candidates for the right positions in the business.


Steps in Selection Process

Popularly there are seven stages in the process of selection : 

  1. Application – After the job opening has been announced, the candidates apply for the respective jobs which suit them.

  2. Screening and Pre-selection – The goal of this second phase is to reduce the number of candidates from a large group to a manageable group of between 3-10 people that can be interviewed in-person. The selection is based on their selection technique and according to the company’s needs.

  3. Interview – The interview gives insight into a person’s verbal accuracy and how sociable they are. This also provides the opportunity to ask the candidate job related queries. 

  4. Assessment-The full assessment usually is more accurate as this helps the organization to check the candidate well. Assessments include work sample tests, integrity tests, and related job knowledge tests. 

  5. Reference And Background Check- An essential step is the reference check, this is  to confirm about the candidate. The candidates are asked to give references and he follows up on these. 

  6. Decision- The next step is to make the decision about choosing the correct candidate who promises greatest future potentiality for the organization. 

  7. Job Offer and Contract – After the decision-making process, the candidate needs to accept the offer which is known as the contract.


Types of Selection Process

Selection types differ according to different types of organization. The types of selection process are -

  1. Application forms and CVs

  2. Online screening and shortlisting

  3. Interviews

  4. Psychometric testing

  5. Ability and aptitude tests

  6. Personality profiling

  7. Presentations

  8. Group exercises

  9. Assessment centres

  10. References


Importance of Selection

Selection is an important facet for the organization, it’s importance can further be summed up as below-

  1. It identifies the right candidates for the company.

  2. Recruiting talented employees can help increases the overall performance of the organization.

  3. Helps in avoiding false negatives and false positives of the candidates.

Above all, the process selection has all the way become more complicated. As the organizations want to hire talented and effective employees, this can create a difference in the interest of the organization, hence the organizations carefully have adopted different methods of recruiting a candidate.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is careful selection important?

Ans. Selecting the right employees is very important for the three main reasons: Performance, costs effective, and for legal obligations.

2. What is Recruitment?

Ans. Recruitment means advertising the job offer. This actually refers to inviting applicants to apply for the job in the organization. This is rather a wide concept which refers to the overall process of identifying, attracting, screening, shortlisting, and interviewing the suitable candidates for job vacancy within an organization. Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing the right individuals for the appropriate roles.

3. What are the types of Recruitment?

Ans. The types of recruitment are – 

  1. Employer Branding

  2. Publication

  3. Internal Recruitment

  4. Employee referral

  5. Promotion

  6. Events

  7. Internship