Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Free LIVE classes
More

Partners Loan Account in Detail

VSAT 2022

Defining the Partners' Loan Account

Partners can get loans from partnership businesses. Partners run a partnership-owned company. Partners can lend money to other Partnership firm partners. The Partnership owes the Partner the difference between the Withheld Amount and the Distributable Amount when it pays the tax department.


Showing the Meaning of Partners Loan Account


Showing the Meaning of Partners Loan Account


The Indian Partnership Act of 1932 says that partner loans are paid back before capital when a partnership ends. Interest on partners' loan is provided at a rate agreed upon, or @6% per year if nothing has been decided upon. Even if a business hasn't made any money, it can still charge interest on loans. After payment of partners, loan payment should be made to the partner's loan Account. The Partner's Loan Account holds interest. The Profit and Loss Account pays the partner's loan interest.


Defining the Treatment of Partners Loan Accounts


Treatment of Partners’ Loan Account


Treatment of Partners’ Loan Account


A loan is not a core component of a partner's capital; therefore, it is considered the same as a loan from a third party. The partnership's liability will be documented by making a liability, which will give the loan amount as a credit balance. How the loan was decided will determine the debit entry. When the partner puts money into the bank account, there will be a debit entry in the bank account. When a part of the partner's capital was used to make the loan, the debit entry will appear in the partner's capital account. The amount of the Partner's loan is in the Realisation Account.


In simple terms, a partners loan is made to the partners' loan account. A loan given by one partner to another is a pay-against-profit, not a theft of profit. Interest paid by a partner on a loan to the company is an expense for the company and is taken out of the profit and loss account. It is given to the partners and added to their loan accounts.

Format of Partners Capital Account

Dr. Cr.

Date

Particulars

J.F

Amount

(Rs.)

Date

Particulars

J.F

Amount

(Rs.)


Bank (permanent withdrawal of capital)

balance c/d

(Closing Balance)


xxx

xxx




Balance b/d

(Opening balance)

Bank (Fresh capital introduced)


xxx


xxx


Partner’s Loan account format

Partner’s Loan Account (Liabilities)

Particulars

A

B

Particulars

A

B

To Realization a/c

(discount on loan)

To bank/cash a/c

xxx

xxx

xxx xxx

By balance b/d

By Realization a/c

(Interest on loan)

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx


Loans to Partner’s Account (Asset)

Particulars

A

B

Particulars

A

B

By balance b/d

By Realization a/c

(Interest on loan)

xxx

xxx

Xxx

xxx

To Realization a/c

(discount on loan)

To bank/cash a/c

xxx

xxx

xxx

xxx


How the Partners’ Loan Account is Handled

The rest of partners can pay the retiring partner's final payment all at once or treat it as a loan and repay it in installments. The amount owed to the retiring partner is thought of as a loan from the retiring partner to ensure that the other parties involved do not have to find the money right away from somewhere else.


But in this case, the retiring partner also gets the interest income. Often, the residual partners pay back the loan amount in equal parts with interest added to the balance which will be shown in the partners' loan account format. In this case, we divide the loan into equal portions and figure out how much interest to charge on balance. The payment will include both the principal and the interest.


Journal Entries

Date

Particulars

LF

Amount (Dr)

Amount (Cr)

1.

On transfer of the final amount due to loan A/c

Retiring Partner’s Capital A/c Dr . To Retiring Partner’s Loan A/c

(Being final amount due to the retiring partner treated as the loan from him and transferred to Loan A/c)


xxx



xxx

2.

Charge Interest on Partner’s Loan

Interest on Loan A/c Dr.

To Retiring Partner’s Loan A/c

(Being interest payable on retiring partner’s loan charged to loan A/c)

xxx


xxx

3.

Repayment of the loan in installments.

Retiring Partner’s Loan A/c Dr.

To Bank A/c

(Being the amount of installment paid to the retiring partner)

xxx


xxx

4.

Transfer of interest to Profit & Loss A/c

Profit and Loss A/c Dr.

To Interest on Loan A/c

(Being interest on loan transferred to Profit and Loss A/c at the end of each year)

xxx


xxx


Solved Example

Question - The earnings and loss for the business are split 4:3 between Sunita and Anita. On August 1, 2021, Anita provided the company with a $32,000 loan. The Partnership Agreement permits Partners to charge 7.5% interest on any loans made to the Partnership. Create a journal entry for the fiscal year ending on March 31, 2022.


Answer - Journal Entry

Date

Particulars

LF

Amount (Dr.)

Amount (Cr.)

2021-22

March 31

Interest on Anita’s Loan A/c (W.No.1) Dr.

To Anita’s Loan A/c

(Being interest in Anita’s loan due)

1,600

1,600

March 31

Profit and Loss A/c Dr.

To Interest on Anita’s loan due

(Being interest to Anita’s Loan A/c transferred to profit and loss a/c)

1,600

1,600


Working Notes:

Calculating Interest on Anita’s Loan:

Interest on Anita’s Loan = 32,000 x 7.5/100 x 8/12

Interest on Anita’s Loan = ₹1,600


Conclusion

Loans are treated as a liability to the businesses as the amount of money is taken out from the partnership firm. In this situation, money is taken from the other partner’s A/c and put into Bank A/c. A loan is not part of a partner's capital and is treated the same way as a loan from a third party. The partners’ loan would be recorded by making a liability, which will give the loan amount as a credit balance.

FAQs on Partners Loan Account in Detail

1. Is a loan account a personal account?

Personal accounts are tied to people, businesses, and other organisations. Some examples of personal accounts are debtors, creditors, financial institutions, outstanding/prepaid accounts, accounts of credit customers, accts of buyers and sellers, capital, drawings, etc. Representative accounts directly or indirectly show what a person or group is like. A loan account is a personal account that represents the person from whom or to whom the loan is taken out or given out. Because of this, it is called a personal account.

2. Define contact for Loan from Partnership Firm to Partner. 

To keep the loan-to-partner transaction clear, the firm must give the loan to the partner on interest. A contract can be made between a partnership firm and a partner to process a loan. A loan contract or agreement is needed to keep the loan transaction between a firm and a partner. What is in the loan agreement between the firm and the partner?

  • Date of the deal

  • Persons and groups

  • How much money was borrowed?

  • Interest Rate

  • Fines, if any

3. Is the interest on a loan from a partner taken out of the Profit and Loss Account?

A profit-and-loss account or p/l acc. is set up to show how well the net profit is split among the partners. It goes beyond the profit and loss account. Things taken from profits are taken from the profit and loss account. The distribution of net profit is an example of an appropriation of profit. Profit can also be taken by a partner in the form of interest on a loan. So, it is taken out of the profit and loss account.

Comment