Managerial Functions of Human Resource Management

Functions of Human Resource Management

Quality managers really discover how to master the five basic functions: planning, organizing, staffing, leading, controlling. And this step literally fits into other various departments of an organization. Human Resource like for example too follows the similar steps to execute their functions.   

In this article, we will discuss managerial functions of human resource management i.e. planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, controlling in addition to reporting and budgeting in detail.

Define of Human Resource

The term “manpower” is highly associated with this definition of Human Resource. Manpower means the human power (workforce) present in an organization. 

Human resources are the combined set of the people who together form the workforce of a particular organization. Hyman capital is embodied as a narrower concept merely meaning the knowledge possessed by the individual working, while Human Resource is a much-widened concept. Similar terms are manpower, labour, personnel, associates or simply people all are related to the term Human Resource. 

A human-resources department of an organization functions with the Human Resource Management. The department checks various aspects of employment, such as working in compliance with the labour law and following the employment standards, taking care of the benefits of the employees and other aspects of recruitment and employee off boarding. 

Define Human Resource Management

Human Resource management defines the process of recruiting, selecting, induction processing, orientation conducting, training and development process assuring, appraising the employees, deciding their pay scale, ensuring safety of the employees, healthy relations with the employees, motivating the workforce, complying with all the standards, also maintain good terms with the trade unions are all included here in the definition.

Human Resource Management also involves the five basic management functions, further we sum up the role in the following points- 

  1. This involves procurement, development and all maintenance of human resource

  2. HRM helps to achieve the individual, organizational and other social objectives

  3. Human Resource Management is a multidisciplinary facet and thus includes the study of management, psychology.

  4. The department also involves team spirit and team work.

  5. HRM is a continuous process.

Functions of Human Resource Management

The functions of HRM is heavy role, the whole organization is somewhat dependent on this department as they connect with the workforce, the live blood of the business 

  1. Recruitment and Selection

Recruitment is the process of inviting, screening, and selecting the required, potential and qualified candidates based on the job vacancy.  

  1. Orientation

Orientation is the fundamental step to guide a new employee to adjust himself with the work environment of the business. Here an employee is introduced with objectives and goals of the organization and how he can serve to achieve the long-term and short-term goals of the organization.

  1. Maintaining Good Working Conditions

Human resource management provides good and moreover healthy working conditions for the employee so that they incline to like the workplace and the environment. 

  1. Managing Employee Relations

Employees are the supporting pillars of any successful organization hence their relation is a crucial function of human resource management. 

  1. Training and Development

Training always goes hand in hand with development, they are the indispensable functions of human resource management. They attempt to improve the current and future performance of an employee by enhancing their skills. 

Importance of Human Resource Management 

HR management bridges the gap between the employees’ performance and the organisation’s strategic objectives, whether long or short term. Human resource management contributes to the remarkable success of an organisation. Thus, human resource management has emerged as a popular course to study. Th e importance are summed down as under - 

  • Strategy management development

  • Benefits analysis done

  • Training and development conducted

  • Interactivity within the employees

  • Conflict management

  • Establish a healthy work culture

Evolution of Human Resource Management 

Human resource management was foremostly evolved for the Personnel management which was the former management system that was used to manage the working of the employees. Great psychologists on human behavior and their receptive power was analyzed and experimented by a famous psychologist Elton Mayo, he did many experiments on the human behavior at varied situations in the year 1924. His belief is based on work life balance for improving the productivity of workers and this emphasis on human relations, that influences the productivity of the workers. He was regarded as the father of Human resources management.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who is an HR in a Company?

Human resources (HR) is the manager of a business who is in charge of finding, screening, recruiting, and training the job applicants, he also administers the employee-benefit programs.

2. Why is HR Needed?

HR develops and fosters an engaged workforce. From hiring activities to identifying the right people for each role, he selects the employees. HR collaborates and communicates the HR department which supports employee morale and welfare.  They are born in the mind of the employees to develop a deeper commitment to the company and its goals.

3. What is Human Capital?

Human Capital refers to the skills, presence of knowledge, and experience owned by an individual or population, and these inputs are valued in terms of cost to an organization or a country.