Quality managers really discover how to master the five basic functions: planning, organizing, staffing, leading, controlling. And this step literally fits into other various departments of an organization. Human Resource like for example too follows the similar steps to execute their functions.
In this article, we will discuss managerial functions of human resource management i.e. planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, controlling in addition to reporting and budgeting in detail.
Define of Human Resource
The term “manpower” is highly associated with this definition of Human Resource. Manpower means the human power (workforce) present in an organization.
Human resources are the combined set of the people who together form the workforce of a particular organization. Hyman capital is embodied as a narrower concept merely meaning the knowledge possessed by the individual working, while Human Resource is a much-widened concept. Similar terms are manpower, labour, personnel, associates or simply people all are related to the term Human Resource.
A human-resources department of an organization functions with the Human Resource Management. The department checks various aspects of employment, such as working in compliance with the labour law and following the employment standards, taking care of the benefits of the employees and other aspects of recruitment and employee off boarding.
Define Human Resource Management
Human Resource management defines the process of recruiting, selecting, induction processing, orientation conducting, training and development process assuring, appraising the employees, deciding their pay scale, ensuring the safety of the employees, healthy relations with the employees, motivating the workforce, complying with all the standards, also maintain good terms with the trade unions are all included here in the definition.
Human Resource Management also involves the five basic management functions, further we sum up the role in the following points-
1. This involves procurement, development and all maintenance of human resource
2. HRM helps to achieve the individual, organizational and other social objectives
3. Human Resource Management is a multidisciplinary facet and thus includes the study of management, psychology.
4. The department also involves team spirit and teamwork.
5. HRM is a continuous process.
Functions of Human Resource Management
The functions of HRM are heavy role, the whole organization is somewhat dependent on this department as they connect with the workforce, the lifeblood of the business.
Recruitment and Selection
Recruitment is the process of inviting, screening, and selecting the required, potential and qualified candidates based on the job vacancy.
Orientation is the fundamental step to guide a new employee to adjust himself to the work environment of the business. Here an employee is introduced with objectives and goals of the organization and how he can serve to achieve the long-term and short-term goals of the organization.
Maintaining Good Working Conditions
Human resource management provides good and healthy working conditions for the employee so that they are inclined to like the workplace and the environment.
Managing Employee Relations
Employees are the supporting pillars of any successful organization hence their relationship is a crucial function of human resource management.
Training and Development
Training always goes hand in hand with development, they are the indispensable functions of human resource management. They attempt to improve the current and future performance of an employee by enhancing their skills.
Importance of Human Resource Management
HR management bridges the gap between the employees’ performance and the organisation’s strategic objectives, whether long or short term. Human resource management contributes to the remarkable success of an organisation. Thus, human resource management has emerged as a popular course to study. The importance is summed down as under -
Strategy management development
Benefits analysis done
Training and development conducted
Interactivity within the employees
Establish a healthy work culture
Evolution of Human Resource Management
Human resource management was foremostly evolved for the Personnel management which was the former management system that was used to manage the working of the employees. Great psychologists on human behaviour and their receptive power were analyzed and experimented with by a famous psychologist Elton Mayo, he did many experiments on human behaviour in varied situations in the year 1924. His belief is based on work-life balance for improving the productivity of workers and this emphasis on human relations, that influences the productivity of the workers. He was regarded as the father of Human resources management.
Human Resource Management- Functions
Human resource management is the process of selecting, hiring and managing the employees of an organisation. It is abbreviated as HRM or is referred to as Human Resources or HR. The department of HR of an organisation or firm is responsible for creating and supervising the policies that govern the employees and also oversees the relationship of the firm with the workers working in the firm. The HR term was used for the first time in the 1900s. It became more widely used during the 1960s and was used to describe the workers of an organisation or firm. Human resources management emphasises the workers and the business. In this field, the workers are sometimes called human capital and are called the company’s assets. The aim is to make effective use of the workers, less risk and have maximum return on investment or ROI. A new term called human capital management or HCM has become more frequent in use currently. The HRM conducts orientation programs, has training and development of the employees, decides the pay scale or salary and also ensures the safety of the workers. They aim to build healthy relations between the company and its employees and also motivate the workforce.
They have 5 basic roles which are stated as follows:
Procuring, developing and maintaining the human resources
HRM aims to help the individual objectives as well the organisational objectives.
It is a multidisciplinary area and has the involvement of psychology and management studies.
This area of the company involves teamwork and motivation.
The area is a continuous process.