Elements of Directing

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Introduction to Directing

In the Study of Management, one of the important aspects of Managing the whole organization is ‘Directing’. Without Directing, planning, organization, staffing will not be effective. Directing helps the employees of the organizations to be guided in a particular direction.

In this content, we will talk about this aspect of Management, which helps the overall organization to remain focused on the goal. Else, without Direction the whole organization will be a non-arranged group of people working together. Students are guided in the details of this content as this element is quite an important one.

What is the Meaning of Direction?

For a layman, direction will mean the technique or the process of guiding, instructing, leading people to achieve a predetermined motive. 

In Managerial terms, Directing is a process where the managers instruct, guides and oversees the fellow employees in his team. Leading their way towards the accomplishment of organizational goals, and this goes on throughout the life of the organization. 

Direction is said to ‘Initiate the Action’. Direction is where the actual action starts. This aspect of management includes the human factor basically, this provides guidance to the workforce. 

According to Human, “Directing consists of process or technique by which instruction can be issued and operations can be carried out as originally planned” Hence we can say that, Directing is the function of guiding, inspiring, overseeing and instructing people towards accomplishment of organizational goals.

Technique of Directing

Direction in the organization is to be implemented in a methodical way. Various Techniques are used, that proves good when used as Direction in the organization.

Let us now discuss the various techniques used in the process of Direction:

1. Consultative Direction

Here the superiors in the organization system consults the decisions with their subordinates or team members, before implementing it or putting into action.

2. Free-Rein Direction 

In this type of Direction, the educated and experienced subordinates take decisions on their own. Decisions are relied on and they also take the accountability of the decision. 

3. Autocratic Direction 

Here the superior clearly sets the directions and gives precise orders to the subordinates to accomplish a predetermined goal. He does not take the suggestions or viewpoints of the subordinates.

4. Supervision 

Supervision is only overseeing the subordinates at work. He gives a clear-cut instruction about the work. Skills, group togetherness and coordination affect the direction of supervision.

5. Motivation 

In this type, the direction does not only limit till giving orders or instructions, it is rather a force that creates a burning desire among the subordinates to perform the task. Motivation is the driving energy that keeps the subordinates interested in the work, this can also be fulfilled by offering them incentives.

Elements of Directing

Direction includes elements that affect the factor. We will further talk in brief about the elements of motivation. The elements are discussed as under –

1. Motivation 

Motivation is said to be the positive force that compels one to do a set work. It is a way to initiate action among the subordinates to a defined goal. Motivation is actually the ‘stimulus to achieve the goal’. Motivation hits the mental process, the attitude that gives rise to physical action which will result in the accomplishment of a goal.   

2. Communication

Communication is the process of passing information from one person to another. In the directing process, communication is a must in a group. It should be checked mandatorily that there happens an effective communication that will help the form in the organizational level. As communication, will only initiate a direction. To complete the circuit of communication, a single person cannot fulfill it, he needs his fellow teammates to cooperate. 

3. Leadership

Leadership is not about directing or giving orders it is about the influence. The characteristics a leader possesses must influence the group positively and hence this element is one of the chief criteria for direction.


Directing in Management

Any institute, organization or firms need management. Hence Management is to be issued using a distinct directional process. To understand Directing in Management, we include the following points in our discussion –

1. Pervasive Function

Directing is an all-round function. Every level of managers provides the subordinates with guidance to complete the work.

2. Continuous Activity

Throughout the existence of an organization, direction is automatic.

3. Human Factor

To fulfil the sphere of Direction, human factor is the basic factor required. Humans are engaged in delivering the instructions as well as in following those delivered instructions.  

4. Creative Activity 

Direction instils creativity. Direction makes things happen else the organization will be without any work.

5. Executive Function 

Direction initiates the workforce to work towards a defined goal, and thus it is said to be an executive function.

6. Delegate Function

Direction is a delegative function, while the superiors delegate responsibilities to their subordinates they fulfil the direction.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is Management Required in Every Work?

Ans. The word “management” means managing the work. Where the work is to be managed in a specific pattern, this management is included. In any institute, firms, organizations and even the household activities need management to profess. Management brings good arrangement and total synchronization in the work which will further help in achieving the set goal or target.

2.Direction Initiates Action’ What Does This Mean?

Ans. Initiating Action means – Starting of the work. With proper direction, which means by giving the instructions and orders the subordinates begin to work in that direction. Hence, we say that the direction helped in starting the work of the employees, meaning to initiate the work.

3. Why is Motivation one of the Elements of Direction?

Ans. Motivation is the drive that encourages the people to work. As the basic of direction is to make the people work, motivation helps in the process of making the direction. Motivation gives rise to never dying enthusiasm to work among the employees. It is indeed one of the main elements of direction.

4. How Can Leaders Influence the Group?

Ans. The leadership qualities that are possessed in a leader influences the group. He not only directs the people but also influences the behaviour of the people towards positivity. A true leader will lead the team with his/her own influential quality not by mere ordering.