Different Formats Of Writing A Resume

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The resume of a person is one or two pages write up that provides a professional and personal description of the person. Such profile-based representation is useful for applying for any job. In general, a resume contains a person’s academic qualification, work experience, achievements, personal details, etc. An attractive resume helps in securing good jobs. These are considered to be the source of a good first impression. The methods of making a good, eye-catching resume are discussed below. Also, the different formats of writing a resume are discussed here. 

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Definition and Meaning of Resume

A resume is also called curriculum vitae, or CV. A general resume is a brief representation of yourself, depicting your work experience, educational qualifications, technical skills, soft skills, achievements, personal information like marital status, date of birth, hobbies, etc. Whenever you apply for a job in an organization, your resume is sent to the HR of that particular organization for evaluation. Therefore, a resume can also be defined as an attempt by the prospective applicant to exhibit his or her suitability for the job role, to the recruiters. 

There are three different formats of resume- functional, chronological, or a combination of both. The job applicants must choose the right format of a resume to strengthen their application.

In general, a resume is accompanied by a cover letter, where the participants describe why they think that they are the most suitable ones for the job. An attractive resume with an engaging cover letter increases the chances of a successful job application by manifold.   


General Resume Format

In general, a resume contains the following details.

  • Personal Details

  • Educational Qualification

  • Work Experience- with the most recent work experience mentioned at the beginning

  • Additional information on various skills

  • Reference contact details 


Resume Writing Format

All the points mentioned above should be covered in any resume. The following points will help you to arrange your resume in the right format.

  • Contact Information: Any resume must open with the personal information and contact details of the candidate. It must have the candidate’s name, address, and contact number. Such contact information is the most important consideration in any resume and must come first in the list of information.

  • Objective: The candidate must mention his or her objective for submitting the resume for the job role. It can be a job application for an open position. In that case, it is important to mention the details of the job position (including the job number). It can also support the submission of an application for a potential job position in the future. In that case, the objective must mention the prospective job position for which the application has been submitted.

  • Academic Qualification: The third part of the resume must focus on the educational qualifications of the applicant. The applicant must start with the highest degree obtained and also the high-school or graduation percentage. They should limit their educational details to the major degrees only. 

  • Experience: This section of the resume is one of the most important sections. Candidates who have work experience in the field for which they are applying have the upper hand over those who do not have the desired work experience. The candidate must mention details of his or her experience clearly and concisely. The experiences are generally listed in the resume in a chronological order starting with the latest job role.

  • Skills: The candidate must mention all the skills that he or she has, that can be applied to the job. It can be some external degree or diploma courses on a particular subject that the candidate has undertaken. The candidate must mention all the knowledge and strength he or she has in a particular field. Such mentions of skills in the resume will increase his competence for the job application.

  • Projects and Activities Undertaken: Skills are valued more if the candidate has applied them to any project. If the candidate has undertaken any real-life project, he or she must mention it in the resume. Such project experiences add on more brownie points to his or her candidature. Moreover, if the candidate is involved in any activity or any club, he or she must mention that in the resume as well.

  • Honors and Achievements: The last section of the resume must portray all the honors and awards that the candidate has secured to date. Preference must be given to all the awards related to the job. The candidate can also mention if he or she has received any notable awards not related to the particular job role.

After going through all these points, you no longer have to wonder about how to write a resume format.

What is the Format of Resume?

There are different resume formats and the most common format is the chronological format. It follows a time scale of events, and all the aspects are arranged chronologically. Recruiters and HRs mostly prefer the chronological format since they are easy to read and understand. However, for prospective employees with varied skills, the chronological format is not preferred. They rather go for the functional resume format. For employees that have long employment history and a large amount of work experience, a combinatorial approach of both the chronological and functional format is preferred. 

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Along with these resume structure formats, there are other non-conventional forms as well. Infographic resumes mainly contain information. A detailed resume format in the English language is preferred. Targeted resumes are also structured in a way that certain points in the resume are being highlighted. Non-traditional resumes contain pictures, graphics, online websites, and sometimes videos. Such eye-catching features increase the attractiveness and visibility of the resume. You can go through some of the resume format examples to have a better idea of the formats of the resume.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the general structure of Resume Writing?

Answer: The general resume format is more or less the same for all kinds of resumes, be it for job application or a political biodata format, in English. The resume structure begins with the contact information, where the name, address, and contact number of the applicant must be provided. It must be followed by the candidate’s academic qualification, work experience, skills, projects, activities, and finally, conclude with the candidate’s achievements. These points pretty much sum up the answer to the question- ‘What is the format of the resume?’. However, there might be deviations to the resume writing format, with the inclusion of highlights and videos.

Q2. What are the types of Resume Formats?

Answer: For short resumes, the resume writing format is followed in chronological order. The input points are arranged in a time-based manner. For applicants with varied skills, the functional format is used. For a greater number of achievements, a combinatorial approach between the chronological and the functional resume is preferred. In addition to the general resume format, people can add extra features. They can add videos, highlights, links to the previous resume structure format. All these variants aptly summarise the types of resume formats.

Q3. What are the differences between a Resume and a C.V.?

Answer: In most definitions, a resume is referred to as a C.V (curriculum vitae). However, there are subtle differences between the two. The resume is a short 1-2 page description of the person, whereas a C.V. can be longer and more detailed. It is important to be very concise while preparing a resume. A resume is generally used for job applications in the industries. However, a C.V can be used for job applications in both industries and academia. The resume is tailor-made for a specific job, but a C.V. depicts a comprehensive overview of the person. However, in Europe, a resume and a C.V. means the same.

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