Synthetic Fibres - Types & Examples

What is synthetic fibre?


Man-made fibres which are obtained from petrochemicals are known as synthetic fibres. Synthetic fibres are made up of polymers. Polymers are made up of small repetitive units which are known as monomers. Synthetic fibres are also known as artificial fibres. Nylon, acrylic and polyester etc. are examples of artificial fibres. If we look around, we can see many synthetic fibres are being used in our everyday life. Such as we use synthetic fibres in making bags, ropes, raincoats, jackets etc. 


Examples of synthetic fibres- Nylon, lycra, polyester, acrylic etc. are synthetic fibre examples. These are used in sportswear, ties, socks, sewing threads etc. 

Properties of synthetic fibres – 

1. Synthetic fibres are cheaper than natural fibres. 

2. Synthetic fibres have greater tensile strength than natural fibres. 

3. Synthetic fibres dry up quickly. 

4. Synthetic fibres are generally bad conductors of heat. 

5. Synthetic fibres are bad conductors of electricity. 

6. Synthetic fibres are very strong. 

7. These fibres are more durable than natural fibres. 

8. These fibres are resistant to moths.

9. These fibres are extremely fine and wrinkle resistant. 

10. These are lightweight and readily available. 

Due to above properties of synthetic fibres, these are far superior than natural fibres such as cotton, wool, jute etc.