Sodium Acetate is a chemical compound, comprising one Sodium (Na) atom, two oxygen (O) atoms, two carbon (C) atoms, and three hydrogens (H) atoms. It is a sodium salt of acetic acid or Sodium acetate anhydrous (i.e., lacking water of hydration) or Sodium Ethanoate. It is easily soluble in water and alcohol and is hygroscopic in nature. It is usually odorless but when heated till decomposition it smells like vinegar or acetic acid.
Chemical Formula: CH3COONa.
Uses of Sodium acetate
It is generally used in the textile industry.
It is used in hot ice, heating pads, and hand warmers.
It is used as a disinfectant.
It is used as a buffering agent in the cosmetics industry in a variety of personal care products.
It acts as a concrete sealant.
It can be used as a buffer with acetic acid to keep a relatively constant pH at 881.4 °C.
It is used as an additive in food industries, as a preservative that prevents bacteria formation in a wide range of food.
Properties of Sodium Acetate
Sodium acetate can be prepared with the help of baking soda and vinegar. (It is advised to wear safety goggles as the splashing can happen and it will cause irritation in the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. If inhaled directly, it can cause inflammation of the lungs and throat.)
Add one spoonful of baking soda to a glass container and slowly add vinegar, being careful not to create too much foam, Keep adding vinegar while stirring the mixture.
Once the mixture stops bubbling, you can stop adding vinegar as all of the sodium bicarbonate has been converted to sodium acetate and carbon dioxide.
To separate out the sodium acetate from water, boil the solution until you hear a popping sound. At this point, crystals will be formed. When you get this supersaturated sodium acetate solution, cool the solution to room temperature, and a translucent gel will be formed.
Scrape the gel into a bowl with a coffee filter, which will absorb the remaining water, Break the pieces and put them on another coffee filter to finish the drying process, creating sodium acetate powder.
Reactions involved :
CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH3COONa + H2CO3
Acetic Acid Baking Soda Sodium Acetate Carbonic Acid
H2CO3 → H2O + CO2
Carbonic Acid Water Carbon Dioxide
Did You Know?
Sodium acetate is also used as a deicer (the process of removing ice) in parking garages. The compound is preferred over sodium chloride because sodium chloride corrodes steel rods buried in concrete and sodium acetate does not corrode. There are several other uses of sodium acetate.
What Happens When Sodium Acetate Is Heated?
Answer: When Sodium acetate is heated above 58 °C, sodium acetate loses its hydration capacity and starts to dissolve in that steam. The process is exothermic in nature.
Acidic Buffers: It is a combination of the weak acid and its salt with a strong base (Conjugate base).
eg: HCOOH / HCOONa
CH3COOH / CH3COONa
H2CO3 / NaHCO3
Basic Buffers: It is a combination of a weak base and salt with a strong acid (Conjugate acid).
eg: NH3 / NH4Cl
NH4OH / NH4Cl
Sodium acetate can cause mild irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. If inhaled directly, it can cause inflammation of the lungs and throat.