Chemical Formula: C6H5
The phenyl group, or phenyl ring, is a cyclic group of atoms formed when a hydrogen atom is removed from the benzene ring. Since the hydrogen atom is not present, there is a vacant point for other atoms or molecules to get attached to the phenyl group. A phenyl group is also referred to as aryl phenols, They are compounds composed of a phenolic group connected directly to another aromatic ring. (An aryl group is represented by Ar. )
Phenyl groups have six carbon atoms in a hexagonal planar structure, of which five are bonded to hydrogen atoms. They are chemically aromatic and have equal bond lengths between carbon atoms in the ring. It is poorly soluble in water.
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It is used as a disinfectant in many places like home schools, hotels, stores, hospitals, offices, etc.
It is used to remove odors and kill microorganisms.
It is also used as an antioxidant, analgesic, choleretic, etc.
Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol (PEA) can also be used in perfume companies.
Properties of Phenyl
The reaction involved in the preparation of Phenyl:
Phenol reacts with bromine and forms a Bromo substituted phenol and hydrogen bromide. 2C6H5OH + 5Br2 → 2C6H2Br2OH + 6HBr
Phenyl making raw materials: Raw materials that are generally used in the manufacture of phenyl are Rosin, pale yellow to deep brown (black type is generally not suitable), Caustic soda, Castor oil, Light creosote oil containing 25 to 30 % carbolic acid.
Types of Phenyl:
Green Phenyl: This phenyl is used in removing insects from homes and is nontoxic, biodegradable, and environment friendly.
Black Phenyl: It acts as a powerful disinfectant and is usually in black or dark brown color. (Best Phenyl).
White Phenyl: It is usually perfumed with white or milky color. This disinfectant usually helps in removing odors and killing bacteria. ( phenyl for cleaning).
phenyl price can range from Rs 40 to Rs 2500 depending on usage.