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Nylon Riots- Revolution in Textile Industries 

Have you ever imagined the production of material by a simple rearrangement of molecules? Well, American company DuPont after World War II announced that he has invented a substance called nylon. The characteristics of nylon made it suitable for a number of uses but DuPont decided that it should be focused on a single market dedicated to ladies hosiery. It has also led to the great nylon riots- revolution in textile industries which is a significant incident in history. Today, this material nylon to a great extent influences several facets of our life. The introduction of nylon fabric was a major game-changer as it eliminated the need for ironing the clothes. It is a polymer derived from the condensation of diamines with bi carboxylic organic acids.

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What is the Concept Behind Naming of Nylon? 

The material nylon was initially coined as “nuron” meaning no-run. The trademark issues caused a change in the name as “nilon” which was again finally renamed as”nilon”. In 1940, DuPont brought forward the nylon stocking in the market for the ladies. Around 5 million pair of stockings were sold on the first day at the time of the second world war. 


Explain the Brief History of Nylon’s Origin?

In the 1930s, the American Company launched nylon materials that offered an alternative route to the traditional silk. The invention phase lasted nine-year under the guidance of American chemist Dr Wallace Carothers. Carothers and his team in 1930 invented two polymer products, neoprene, a synthetic rubber that was used during World War II; the other was a strong paste in white elastic that came be known as nylon later. The material comprises the ideal properties of strength and elasticity. The production was interdependent on the collaboration of the company DuPont. This helped to mitigate the effects of the Great Depression through suitable job creation and further process of chemical engineering. The commercial production of nylon started in December 1939, and the plant was established at Seaford, Delaware. 


What are Synthetic Fibres?

Synthetic fibres are typically the man-made fibres that are obtained from raw material petroleum called petrochemicals. All these fabrics are sourced from fibres and these fibres are produced in factories from artificial or man-made materials. The fibres contain small units known as polymers that are created from several repeating units known as monomers. It incorporates materials like acrylics, nylon, polyurethane, and polypropylene. Millions and tons of such fabrics are now produced all over the world.

 

State the Features of Nylon? 

There are various features of nylon that are listed below. 

  • It is a type of synthetic fibre that is sourced from water, air and coal. 

  • Nylon is elastic, lustrous and easy to wash material. 

  • It retains back its shapes and dries quickly after washing.

  • Nylon is used for different purposes like ropes, socks, in seat belts of car, sleeping bags, etc.

  • Nylon has other applications such as ropes for making parachutes, rock climbing, and fishing nets.

Did You Know?

Nylon was first used in 1938 for making nylon-bristled toothbrushes. This was followed by women's nylon stockings or "nylons" - first launched at the New York World's Fair in 1939 and sold commercially in 1940. During World War II, most of the nylon production shifted to the military use for the manufacturing of parachute and parachute cords. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. How is Nylon Made?

Ans: Nylon is made from the chemical reactions of two large molecules of a dicarboxylic acid and diamine acid. When both these molecules come together they fuse to create even a large molecule and give away the water. In this case, the larger polymer formed is known as nylon. Typically, a giant sheet or ribbon of nylon is formed that is later shredded into chips. These become the raw materials that are used in the production of plastics. Nylon textiles are made from melting these chips which are further run through a wheel with several tiny holes that make it into a fibre. The various hole sizes determine the thickness and length of these nylon fibres. 

Q2. What is the Story of Nylon Stockings?

Ans: In departmental stores and boutiques, nylon stockings were in great demand that offered most women with long-lasting hosiery products. However, the product soon disappeared from the market due to its huge demand in World War II and this nylon polymer was used in the manufacturing of ropes, parachutes, tires chords, etc. After the war got over, it again came back in the market and there was a huge demand for it. In 1945, nylon riots took place when around thousands of women stood in the queues to avail a pair of stockings. In Pittsburgh, the situation went out of control when 40,000 people queued up for just 13,000 pairs of stockings.

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