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Last updated date: 06th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

What's cytoplasm?

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Hint: Cytoplasm are often defined as a thick jelly like solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the cell wall . It's mainly composed of water, salts and proteins. In eukaryotic cells, the cytoplasm includes all of the fabric inside the cell and out of doors of the nucleus.

Complete answer:
Cytoplasm, the semifluid substance of a cell that's external to the nuclear membrane and internal to the cellular membrane, sometimes described because of the non nuclear content of protoplasm. In eukaryotes [i.e., cells having a nucleus], the cytoplasm contains all of the organelles.

Among such organelles are the mitochondria, which are the sites of energy production through ATP [adenosine triphosphate] synthesis; the endoplasmic reticulum, the location of lipid and protein synthesis; the Golgi body , the location where proteins are modified, packaged, and sorted in preparation for transport to their cellular destinations;

Lysosomes and peroxisomes, sacs of digestive enzymes that perform the intracellular digestion of macromolecules like lipids and proteins; the cytoskeleton, a network of protein fibre that give shape and support to the cell; and cytosol, the fluid mass that surrounds the varied organelles.

The cytoplasm is liable for holding the components of the cell and protects them from damage. It stores the molecules required for cellular processes and is additionally liable for giving the cell its shape.

Note: A cell would be deflated and flat and wouldn't be ready to retain its shape without the cytoplasm. The organelles won't be ready to suspend within the cell.